Agrippa’s Marvelous Water-lifting Machine

Though the machine created by Agrippa for moving water attained the admiration of Andrea Bacci in 1588, it seemed to fade not very long after. It may be that the Acqua Felice, the second of Rome’s earliest modern conduits made the system useless when it was connected to the Villa Medici in 1592. ft-250__78026.jpg Its triumph may have been temporary but the device invented by Camillo Agrippa was yet not like anything designed in Italy during the period which divided the contemporary years from ancient Rome. There may have been other remarkable water-related works in Renaissance gardens in the late sixteenth century, like fountains which played music, water caprices (or giochi d’acqua) and even scenographic water presentations, but nothing was motorized by water which defied gravity.

The Major Characteristics of Ancient Greek Sculpture

The Archaic Greeks built the 1st freestanding statuary, an impressive achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Most of the freestanding statues were of young, winsome male or female (kore) Greeks and are known as kouros figures. The kouroi were seen by the Greeks to embody beauty and were sculpted with one foot leading and an uncompromising firmness to their forward-facing poses; the male statues were always strapping, brawny, and nude. In 650 BC, life-size versions of the kouroi began to be seen. A significant time of transformation for the Greeks, the Archaic period helped bring about new forms of state, expressions of art, and a greater comprehension of people and customs outside of Greece. The Arcadian battles, the Spartan invasion of Samos, and other wars between city-states are examples of the kinds of conflicts that occurred frequently, which is consistent with other times of historical transformation.

The Original Outdoor Fountains

As originally developed, fountains were designed to be practical, directing water from creeks or reservoirs to the residents of cities and settlements, where the water could be utilized for cooking food, washing, and drinking.

The force of gravity was the power supply of water fountains up until the close of the 19th century, using the potent power of water traveling downhill from a spring or brook to force the water through valves or other outlets. Frequently used as memorials and commemorative structures, water fountains have impressed people from all over the planet all through the centuries. When you enjoy a fountain at present, that is definitely not what the very first water fountains looked like. Created for drinking water and ceremonial functions, the first fountains were simple carved stone basins. 2000 B.C. is when the oldest known stone fountain basins were actually used. The force of gravity was the energy source that controlled the initial water fountains. The location of the fountains was determined by the water source, which is why you’ll usually find them along reservoirs, canals, or streams. Animals, Gods, and spectral figures dominated the early ornate Roman fountains, beginning to appear in about 6 B.C.. Water for the community fountains of Rome was brought to the city via a complicated system of water aqueducts.

California's Water Fountain Study and Results

The 1st US city to pass a tax on sugary drinks was Berkley, California in February 2014. The aim is to get people drinking more water and other natural beverages by raising the price of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. Research was conducted to find out the status of local drinking water fountains and whether people from other racial or economic backgrounds had less availability to them. Important information on the city’s drinking water fountains were developed using a GPS created specifically for the research. Analysts then used US Census data to find out more about the economic and racial issues that impacted the city. Comparisons were made between the location and demographic data, showing whether class differences affected access to clean, functional water fountains. The research was able to determine the demographics of areas with water fountains, also noting whether the condition of the fountains was better or inferior in lower class neighborhoods. The fact that the fountains were working was not a guarantee that they were well-maintained, considering quite a few were in need of maintenance and repair.

The Father Of Roman Water Feature Design

There are countless celebrated fountains in the city center of Rome. One of the most distinguished sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini fashioned, conceived and constructed nearly all of them. He was also a city architect, in addition to his abilities as a water fountain engineer, and remnants of his life's work are noticeable all through the streets of Rome. Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they eventually moved in Rome, to fully exhibit their artwork in the form of community water features and water features. An diligent worker, the young Bernini received praise and patronage of many popes and important designers. At first he was celebrated for his sculpting skills. Working faultlessly with Roman marble, he utilized a base of expertise in the historical Greek architecture, most obviously in the Vatican. Though many artists impacted his artistic endeavors, Michelangelo inspired him the most.


Aqueducts: The Solution to Rome's Water Troubles
Previous to 273, when the first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in Roma, inhabitants who dwelled on hillsides had to travel even further down to gather their water from natural sources. During this time period, there were only 2 other... read more
A Short History of Outdoor Fountains
As initially developed, water fountains were designed to be practical, directing water from streams or reservoirs to the citizens of towns and villages, where the... read more
The Many Designs of Water Wall Fountains
It is a good idea to integrate a customized fountain into a new or existing wall, something often recommended by landscape professionals. Employing an expert mason... read more