The First Documented Outdoor Water Features of Human History

aq_78209__16708.jpg As originally developed, water fountains were designed to be practical, directing water from creeks or reservoirs to the citizens of cities and settlements, where the water could be used for cooking food, cleaning, and drinking. A supply of water higher in elevation than the fountain was required to pressurize the flow and send water spraying from the fountain's nozzle, a system without equal until the later half of the 19th century. Striking and impressive, prominent water fountains have been crafted as monuments in many civilizations. If you saw the very first fountains, you probably would not recognize them as fountains. Created for drinking water and ceremonial purposes, the initial fountains were simple carved stone basins. Rock basins are thought to have been first used around 2000 BC. The spray of water appearing from small spouts was pushed by gravity, the sole power source builders had in those days. These historic fountains were designed to be functional, often situated along aqueducts, creeks and waterways to provide drinking water. Fountains with flowery decoration started to appear in Rome in approximately 6 B.C., normally gods and animals, made with stone or bronze. The City of Rome had an intricate system of aqueducts that supplied the water for the countless fountains that were situated throughout the urban center.

Ancient Outside Water Fountain Designers

Multi-talented individuals, fountain designers from the 16th to the late 18th century typically served as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one. Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was celebrated as an inspired intellect, inventor and scientific expert. He carefully registered his examinations in his now much celebrated notebooks about his research into the forces of nature and the properties and movement of water. Transforming private villa settings into imaginative water exhibits packed of symbolic interpretation and natural beauty, early Italian water feature engineers paired creativity with hydraulic and horticultural abilities.

Known for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden creations, Pirro Ligorio, the humanist, provided the vision behind the magnificence in Tivoli. Well versed in humanistic topics and classic scientific readings, other fountain makers were masterminding the fascinating water marbles, water features and water antics for the countless estates around Florence.

Pick from Many Exterior Wall Fountain Designs

Small verandas or courtyards are an ideal place to set up wall fountains because they add style to an area with little space. The myriad of styles in outdoor wall fountains, including traditional, classic, contemporary, or Asian, means that you can find the one best suited to your tastes. If you are looking for a distinctive design, a custom-made one can be specially made to meet your specifications.

Mounted and free-standing fountains are obtainable on the market. Small, self-contained models can be hung on a wall are known as mounted wall fountains. Fountains of this kind need to be lightweight, therefore, they are usually made of resin (resembling stone) or fiberglass. Floor fountains are freestanding, big, and also have a basin on the floor as well as a flat side against the wall. There are no weight restrictions on these types of cast stone water features.

It is a good idea to incorporate a custom-made fountain into a new or existing wall, something often suggested by landscape professionals. A expert mason is required to place the water basin against the wall and correctly install all the plumbing inside or behind the wall. It is also essential to add a spout or fountain mask to build it into the wall. A custom-built wall fountain blends into the landscape instead of standing out because it was a later addition, which contributes to a cohesive appearance.

Choose from all Kinds of Outdoor Water Features

Make your dream a reality by making an haven of tranquility in your garden. The soothing feeling provided by outdoor fountains is just one of the benefits of adding a water feature in your garden.

The stream of water sent high up into the air by a spouting fountain is an spectacular sight to see. It is possible to have one of these installed into an existent, large pond. Esplanades and historical mansions often have one these fountains.

Select a stylish wall fountain to put outside. Such fountains make for a fantastic addition to your yard even if it is small. Wall fountains make a subtle impression, contrary to the big impact produced by spouting fountains. It is straightforward undertaking wherein a small jet of water pours outwards in front of a beautifully textured wall and then flows down only to be pumped up again.

Your garden’s style dictates whether a themed fountain is suitable for you. Consider a classic type of statue, such as a cherub supporting a spout, for the fountain if your residence or garden is rustic in style. Contemporary gardens, on the other hand, benefit from something more audacious. Just permit your creativity to run loose.

The primary quality of a multi-tiered fountain is that water streams from a number of different levels. Water streaming down multiple levels of this water feature is the primary characteristic of a cascading fountain.

Due to the fact that outdoor fountains can take up a lot of space, hang a wall fountain or a pondless fountain if the space you have is limited. Since the reservoirs required for these kinds of fountains are hidden below the ground, you can make the most of the space at your disposal.

Include a Japanese fountain if you are looking for a feeling of relaxation. In this type of water feature the water flows through bamboo sticks. Water then streams into a bucket or a shaped stone, only to repeat the pattern over and over again.

Fountains composed of glass are another type on the market. A more conventional look is provided by trellis-style fountains which showcase shaped metalwork. Gardens with a lot of sharp edges as well as modern shapes and designs are better for these types of water features. The flowing water produces a beautiful effect as it moves down the glass panels. LED lighting fixtures are also utilized in some fountains to flash color across the water as it flows downward on the glass sheet.

Often made of imitation rock, stone waterfall fountains have water gently trickling down its surface.

In a bubbling rock fountain, a big rock is drilled with holes and then filled in the center with tubes. In this type of fountain, water is driven upwards at low pressure to cause it to bubble and gurgle at the top. The water comes back gently dripping down the sides of the rock to reach its starting point. Gardens with little space are good places to include this style of fountain. The low pressure used in this sort of fountain prevents water from being splashed about in case of a windy day.

Solar powered fountains have become more popular recently since they run on sunlight. There are numerous reasons for this newly found appeal such as the absence of cables, less difficulty in running them, a decrease in electricity bills, and the advantages to the environment. The numerous designs in outdoor solar-run fountains signifies you will not have to compromise on style.

A Guide to Hydrostatics

From its housing vessel to other components it comes in contact with, liquid in equilibrium applies force on everything it meets. The force employed falls into one of two categories: external force or hydrostatic energy. The force applied by the liquid against a level wall is equivalent at each point where it makes contact with the wall. An object that’s fully submerged in a fluid that’s in equilibrium experiences vertical power on all points of its body. These vertical forces are buoyancy, and the concept on its own is more fully described by Archimedes’principle. When hydrostatic force is exerted on an area of liquid, this becomes hydrostatic pressure. The containers that make up a city’s fountains, wells, and its water supply system are applications of these principles.


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