The Dissemination of Water Fountain Design Innovation

Instrumental to the development of scientific technology were the published letters and illustrated publications of the day. They were also the principal method of transmitting practical hydraulic information and water fountain design suggestions all through Europe. An internationally renowned leader in hydraulics in the late 1500's was a French fountain engineer, whose name has been lost to history. With Royal mandates in Brussels, London and Germany, he began his career in Italy, developing know-how in garden design and grottoes with incorporated and imaginative water features. He wrote a publication named “The Principles of Moving Forces” toward the end of his life while in France which became the fundamental tome on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. aq-78011__87712.jpg Classical antiquity hydraulic breakthroughs were detailed as well as updates to essential classical antiquity hydraulic discoveries in the publication. Notable among these works were those of Archimedes, the creator of the water screw, a mechanical method of moving water. An beautiful spring with the sun heating the water in two containers stashed in a nearby room was shown in one illustration. The end result: the fountain is stimulated by the heated water expanding and ascending up the conduits. Pumps, water wheels, water attributes and garden pond styles are mentioned in the text.

California's Garden Water Fountain Analysis and Results

In February 2014, a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages was approved in Berkley, CA, making it the first city in the United States to create such a law. By taxing sugary drinks, the city hopes to inspire a lot more people to select healthier options, such as water. Research was completed to make sure that people of all races and economic classes had access to thoroughly clean, working drinking fountains. The study utilized a GPS app to compile data on existing water fountains in the city. This info was cross-referenced with demographic records on race and income obtained from the US Census Community Study database. The 2 data sets were compared to figure out what class distinctions, if any, there were in access to functioning water fountains.

The research was able to identify the demographics of areas with water fountains, also observing whether the shape of the fountains was better or inferior in lower class neighborhoods. While the greater part of the fountains were in working order, an appalling number were revealed to be in a poor state of repairs.

How Much Do Pets Benefit from Fountains

If you are considering installing a water feature, make sure your pets like it. Your stand-alone fountain may be taken for a big pool or a drinking pond by your pooch. Consider fitting a water fountain in your yard since it is a feature that will impact your treasured pets favorably. You should consider the fact that birds may think they have found a new place to bathe when they see your fountain so think well where you put it. Install a birdbath if your aim is to draw birds to your property. Wall water fountains are great for indoor use as well if you want to avoid these matters. Exclusive homes, in addition to dentist’ and doctors’ practices, often have such fountains on show.

Public Water Features Recorded by History

The water from creeks and other sources was initially supplied to the inhabitants of nearby communities and cities via water fountains, whose purpose was largely practical, not artistic. The force of gravity was the power supply of water fountains up until the end of the 19th century, using the forceful power of water traveling down hill from a spring or brook to force the water through spigots or other outlets. Fountains spanning history have been developed as memorials, impressing local citizens and travelers alike. The contemporary fountains of modern times bear little likeness to the very first water fountains. Uncomplicated stone basins crafted from local material were the original fountains, used for spiritual purposes and drinking water. The earliest stone basins are presumed to be from about 2000 B.C..

Early fountains used in ancient civilizations relied on gravity to regulate the movement of water through the fountain. These original water fountains were built to be functional, often situated along aqueducts, streams and rivers to provide drinking water. The Romans began constructing decorative fountains in 6 B.C., most of which were bronze or natural stone masks of animals and mythological characters. The people of Rome had an elaborate system of aqueducts that provided the water for the many fountains that were placed throughout the city.

Statuary As a Staple of Classic Art in Archaic Greece

Up right up until the Archaic Greeks created the first freestanding statuary, a phenomenal success, carvings had mostly been accomplished in walls and pillars as reliefs. Most of these freestanding sculptures were what is known as kouros figures, statues of young, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks. Representing beauty to the Greeks, the kouroi were designed to appear rigid and typically had foot forward; the males were healthy, robust, and naked. In about 650 BC, the differences of the kouroi became life-sized.

The Archaic period was an extraordinary time of change for the Greeks as they extended into new forms of government, produced unique expressions of art, and achieved insights of the men and women and cultures outside of Greece. Still, these clashes did little to impede the progression of the Greek civilization.


Contemporary Statues in Ancient Greece
A good number of sculptors were remunerated by the temples to adorn the elaborate pillars and archways with renderings of the gods right up... read more
Architectural Statuary in Historic Greece
In the past, most sculptors were paid by the temples to adorn the involved pillars and archways with renderings of the gods, however as the era came to a close it became more accepted for sculptors to present ordinary people as well simply because many... read more
Do Pets Like Outdoor Fountains?
Think about how your pet may respond to a water feature before you buy one. Pets such as dogs may mistake your freestanding fountain with a big pool to cool off in or a pond from which to drink. Your pets will not be... read more