Wall Fountains Hydro-Statics 101

From its housing vessel to other materials it comes in contact with, liquid in equilibrium applies force on every little thing it touches. The force applied falls into one of two categories: external force or hydrostatic energy. The force applied by the liquid against a level wall is identical at each and every point where it makes contact with the wall. An object that’s fully submerged in a fluid that’s in equilibrium experiences vertical power on all points of its body. fcl116__05097.jpg This is also understood as buoyancy or the Archimedes’ principle. Usually, hydrostatic pressure on a point of liquid is a product of the hydrostatic force exerted on it. These concepts are applied to the containers used by plumbing, wells, and fountains.

Your Garden: The Perfect Spot for a Garden Fountain

The inclusion of a wall water feature or an outdoor garden fountain is an excellent way to embellish your yard or garden design. Modern-day artists and fountain builders alike use historical fountains and water features to shape their creations. As such, the impact of integrating one of these to your home decor connects it to past times. Among the many attributes of these beautiful garden water features is the water and moisture they release into the air which attracts birds and other wild life as well as helps to balance the ecosystem. For example, pesky flying insects are usually deterred by the birds drawn to the fountain or birdbath.

Spouting or cascading fountains are not the best choice for a small backyard since they require a great deal of space. You can choose to set up a stand-alone fountain with a flat back and an attached basin propped against a fence or wall in your backyard, or a wall-mounted type which is self-contained and hung from a wall. A fountain can be added to an existing wall if you include some type of fountain mask as well as a basin to gather the water below. Be sure to employ a professional for this type of job since it is better not to do it yourself due to the intricate plumbing and masonry work needed.

The Hellenic Republic: Cultural Statues

Historically, the vast majority of sculptors were paid by the temples to adorn the involved pillars and archways with renderings of the gods, however as the era came to a close it became more common for sculptors to portray regular people as well simply because many Greeks had begun to think of their institution as superstitious rather than sacred. Wealthy individuals would sometimes commission a rendering of their forefathers for their large familial burial tombs; portraiture additionally became frequent and would be appropriated by the Romans upon their acquisition of Greek civilization. It is amiss to say that the arts had one aim during The Classical Greek period, a time period of innovative achievement during which the usage of sculpture and other art forms changed. Whether to satisfy a visual yearning or to celebrate the figures of religion, Greek sculpture was actually an imaginative method in the ancient world, which could be what attracts our interest currently.

Public Drinking Fountains in Berkley, California

The first implementation of a soda tax in the USA came in February 2014, when it was approved by the city of Berkley, California. The taxation is believed to reduce sugary drink intake and augment the consumption of healthier drinks, such as water from fountains. Efforts were made to find out the condition of community drinking water fountains in both high- and low-income neighborhoods. Important information on the city’s drinking water fountains were pulled together using a GPS created exclusively for the research. This information was cross-referenced with demographic data on race and income obtained from the US Census Community Study database. The 2 data sets were reviewed to ascertain what class distinctions, if any, there were in access to running water fountains. Each water fountain and the demographics of its nearby area were studied to reveal whether the site of the fountains or their standard of maintenance revealed any link to income, race, or other points.

While the greater part of the fountains were in working order, an astonishing number were discovered to be in a poor state of repairs.

The Original Garden Fountain Designers

Water fountain designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the late 18th century, often working as architects, sculptors, artisans, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one person. Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was renowned as a inspired genius, inventor and scientific virtuoso. He systematically annotated his observations in his now celebrated notebooks about his studies into the forces of nature and the attributes and movement of water. Ingenious water exhibits loaded of symbolic meaning and natural beauty transformed private villa settings when early Italian fountain designers fused creativity with hydraulic and gardening expertise. The splendors in Tivoli were developed by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was famed for his skill in archeology, engineering and garden design. Well versed in humanist themes as well as ancient technical texts, other water fountain makers were masterminding the extraordinary water marbles, water properties and water antics for the various mansions around Florence.


Water Delivery Strategies in Early Rome
With the construction of the first raised aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s foothills no longer had to be dependent strictly on naturally-occurring spring water for their... read more