Rome’s First Water Transport Solutions

With the building of the very first elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s hillsides no longer had to depend solely on naturally-occurring spring water for their requirements. If residents living at higher elevations did not have accessibility to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to be dependent on the other existing solutions of the time, cisterns that collected rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that received the water from under ground. To deliver water to Pincian Hill in the early 16th century, they utilized the new strategy of redirecting the movement from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground network. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. The manholes made it more straightforward to thoroughly clean the channel, but it was also possible to use buckets to extract water from the aqueduct, as we witnessed with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he owned the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he passed away. aq_78211__08842.jpg He didn’t get sufficient water from the cistern that he had manufactured on his property to gather rainwater. By using an opening to the aqueduct that ran underneath his property, he was set to satisfy his water demands.

Choose from all Kinds of Exterior Water Features

Is it possible for you to convert your garden into a paradise of peace? The soothing feeling created by outdoor fountains is just one of the benefits of adding a water feature in your garden.

A eye-catching impact is made when a spouting fountain sends a shooting stream of water high into the air. Ample, existing ponds can easily be fitted with one of these. These kinds of fountains are often found in parks or historical stately homes.

Pick a fashionable wall fountain to put outside. These kinds of fountains make great water features even if you only have a little garden. Wall fountains are not flashy water features when compared with a spouting fountain. In a very straightforward procedure, the water spills out of a spout, trickles down a beautifully textured wall only to be pumped back to the top.

Putting in a fountain with a theme depends totally on the layout of your garden. In a rustic themed cottage or yard, a classical styled statue for your fountain could include cherubs holding the spout. On the other hand, a more modern garden can include more of a bold design. Deciding what to do is completely in your hands.

The primary attribute of a multi-tiered fountain is that water flows from a number of different levels. Water runs down numerous tiers in a cascading fountain.

Due to the fact that outdoor fountains can take up a lot of space, put up a wall fountain or a pondless fountain if the space you have is minimal. The reservoirs required for these types of fountains are buried underground which helps you better use your limited space.

If you seek a feeling of peacefulness and calmness, install a Japanese fountain as these are believed to bring about such sensations. Bamboo sticks are used in this kind of fountain to expel the water. A rustic bucket or shaped stone is placed at the bottom of this feature to collect the flowing water only to have the pattern repeated over and over again.

Fountains composed of glass are another type on the market.

A more vintage look is provided by trellis-style fountains which showcase shaped metalwork. Water features of this type are an excellent alternative for gardens with many sharp edges as well as contemporary shapes and design. The water produces a dazzling effect when it runs down the outside of the glass. Some fountains also include colored LED lights to shine onto the sheets of glass as water streams downwards. The jagged surface of rock waterfall fountain creates an interesting façade as the water gently flows downwards.

Bubbling rock fountains are big stones drilled with holes which are then filled with tubes in the middle. In this type of fountain, water is driven upwards at low pressure to cause it to bubble and gurgle at the top. Water then streams as a delicate trickle down the sides of the rock to its base. Gardens with little space are good areas to include this style of fountain. To guarantee that water is not sprayed around if it starts to get windy, this kind of fountain is the best choice since it only uses low pressure to move water.

Solar fountains have recently gained in appeal because they are powered by the sun. The lack of cables, the decreased hassle in dealing with them, the lower energy bills, and the benefits to our ecosystem are just some of the reasons for this increased interest. You will not have to concede on style since there is a wide array of designs to choose from in outdoor solar-powered fountains.

The Godfather Of Rome's Water Features

In Rome’s city center, there are countless famous fountains. Practically all of them were planned, conceived and constructed by one of the finest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. He was additionally a city architect, in addition to his abilities as a water fountain designer, and records of his life's work are noticeable all through the streets of Rome. Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, guided his young son, and they ultimately transferred in Rome, to thoroughly express their art in the form of community water features and water features. An excellent employee, the young Bernini acquired compliments and patronage of various popes and influential artists. At the beginning he was known for his sculptural abilities. Most famously in the Vatican, he used a base of knowledge in historical Greek architecture and melded it seamlessly with Roman marble. Though he was influenced by many, Michelangelo had the most serious impact on him, both personally and professionally.

"Primitive" Greek Art: Large Statuary

The first freestanding statuary was developed by the Archaic Greeks, a notable accomplishment since until then the only carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Most of the freestanding statues were of young, winsome male or female (kore) Greeks and are called kouros figures. The kouroi were seen by the Greeks to represent beauty and were sculpted with one foot leading and an uncompromising rigidity to their forward-facing poses; the male statues were always strapping, sinewy, and unclothed. The kouroi started to be life-sized beginning in 650 BC. A substantial era of transformation for the Greeks, the Archaic period brought about new forms of state, expressions of art, and a greater appreciation of people and customs outside of Greece. Wars like The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos, and other wars involving city-states are indicatory of the tumultuous nature of the time, which was similar to other periods of historical disturbance. However, these conflicts did not significantly hinder the advancement of the Greek civilization.

The Circulation of Garden Water Fountains Industrial Knowledge in Europe

Instrumental to the advancement of scientific technology were the printed papers and illustrated publications of the day. They were also the primary method of transferring practical hydraulic information and fountain design ideas throughout Europe. An unnamed French water feature designer became an globally renowned hydraulic pioneer in the later part of the 1500's. By developing gardens and grottoes with built-in and amazing water features, he started off his occupation in Italy by receiving imperial commissions in Brussels, London and Germany. “The Principles of Moving Forces”, a publication that turned into the essential text on hydraulic technology and engineering, was written by him towards the end of his life in France.

Classical antiquity hydraulic developments were outlined as well as revisions to crucial classical antiquity hydraulic advancements in the publication. Archimedes, the creator of the water screw, had his work showcased and these integrated a mechanized way to move water. Sunlight heated the liquid in a pair of hidden vessels adjacent to the ornamental fountain were displayed in an illustration. Actuating the fountain is hot water that expands and rises to seal up the water lines. Pumps, water wheels, water features and backyard pond concepts are documented in the text.


Rome, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, And Statuary Fountains
There are lots of celebrated Roman fountains in its city center. One of the best ever sculptors and artists of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini designed, conceptualized and... read more
Attributes of Outdoor Sculpture in Archaic Greece
Archaic Greeks were well known for developing the first freestanding statuary; up until then, most carvings were made out of walls and pillars as reliefs. Kouros... read more
Your Garden: An Ideal Spot for a Garden Fountain
Spouting or cascading fountains are not the best choice for a small garden since they occupy a great deal of space. Two possibilities to pick from include... read more
Choose from Any Number of Exterior Wall Fountain Designs
It is a good idea to integrate a customized fountain into a new or existing wall, something often suggested by landscape experts. Employing an expert mason is your best option to construct the basin and... read more