The Dispersion of Outdoor Fountain Design Technology

Throughout Europe, the primary means of spreading practical hydraulic understanding and fountain design suggestions were the published pamphlets and illustrated publications of the day, which contributed to the evolution of scientific technology. An un-named French fountain engineer was an internationally famed hydraulic innovator in the later part of the 1500's. With imperial mandates in Brussels, London and Germany, he started his career in Italy, building experience in garden design and grottoes with integrated and clever water hydraulics. In France, near the closure of his lifetime, he wrote “The Principle of Moving Forces”, a book that turned into the primary text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. aq_78208_2__45627.jpg Updating vital hydraulic findings of classical antiquity, the publication also explains modern hydraulic technologies. Prominent among these works were those of Archimedes, the inventor of the water screw, a mechanized method of transferring water. A pair of undetectable containers warmed by sunlight in a area next to the decorative water fountain were presented in an illustration. The hot water expands and subsequently ascends and shuts the water pipes thereby triggering the water feature. Pumps, water wheels, water features and backyard pond designs are documented in the book.

The Main Characteristics of Ancient Greek Sculpture

The Archaic Greeks manufactured the 1st freestanding statuary, an amazing achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Kouros figures, statues of adolescent, good-looking male or female (kore) Greeks, made up the majority of the sculptures. The kouroi were believed by the Greeks to embody beauty and were sculpted with one foot leading and an uncompromising stiffness to their forward-facing poses; the male statues were always strapping, brawny, and unclothed.

Life-sized versions of the kouroi appeared beginning in 650 BC. The Archaic period was an awesome time of change for the Greeks as they grew into new modes of government, produced fresh expressions of art, and gained information of the people and cultures outside of Greece. Still these disagreements did not prevent the growth of the Greek civilization. {

Garden Water Fountain Builders Through History

Often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the late 18th century, fountain designers were multi-faceted people, Leonardo da Vinci as a inspired master, inventor and scientific expert exemplified this Renaissance artist. He methodically reported his findings in his now celebrated notebooks about his studies into the forces of nature and the attributes and movement of water. Combining imaginativeness with hydraulic and gardening talent, early Italian water fountain creators changed private villa settings into ingenious water displays complete of emblematic meaning and natural charm. The splendors in Tivoli were created by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was renowned for his capabilities in archeology, engineering and garden design. Well versed in humanist themes and classic scientific readings, some other water feature designers were masterminding the excellent water marbles, water functions and water pranks for the numerous lands near Florence.

Greece: Cultural Statuary

Most sculptors were remunerated by the temples to accentuate the intricate columns and archways with renderings of the gods up until the stage came to a close and many Greeks started to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred, when it became more common for sculptors to portray everyday people as well. Rich families would occasionally commission a rendering of their forefathers for their big family tombs; portraiture additionally became frequent and would be appropriated by the Romans upon their acquisition of Greek civilization. All through the many years of The Greek Classical period, a time of artistic development, the use of sculpture and other art forms transformed, so it is inaccurate to say that the arts served merely one purpose. Greek sculpture is perhaps enticing to us all nowadays as it was an avant-garde experiment in the historic world, so it doesn't make a difference whether its original function was religious zeal or artistic enjoyment.

Outdoor Fountains And Obesity

The very first American city to implement a tax on high calorie drinks was Berkley, California in February 2014. By making soda more costly, it’s hoped that parents will make healthier choices for what their children drink, like water for instance. Attempts were made to find out the condition of community drinking water fountains in both high- and low-income neighborhoods. Important information on the city’s drinking water fountains were gathered using a GPS created specifically for the research. The US Census Community Study database was used to compile information related to race and economic status in these areas. Evaluations were made between the location and demographic data, revealing whether class differences affected access to clean, functional water fountains.

The neighboring demographics of each and every water fountain location was made note of, while also ensuring whether race or income levels made a huge difference in the state of repair of each individual fountain. The fact that the fountains were working was not a guarantee that they were well-maintained, considering quite a few were in need of cleaning and repair.


"Old School" Garden Fountain Manufacturers
Frequently working as architects, sculptors, designers, engineers and cultivated scholars, all in one, fountain designers were multi-talented people from the 16th to the... read more
California's Garden Water Fountains Study and Results
The first example of a soda tax in the US came in February 2014, when it was approved by the city of Berkley, California. By taxing sugary drinks, the city hopes to inspire more people to decide on healthier... read more
Cultural Statuary in Early Greece
Historically, most sculptors were compensated by the temples to embellish the involved pillars and archways with renderings of the gods, however as the era came to a close it grew to be more accepted... read more