Early Water Delivery Techniques in Rome

Previous to 273, when the 1st elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was constructed in Rome, inhabitants who lived on hillsides had to travel further down to collect their water from natural sources. Throughout this time period, there were only two other innovations capable of offering water to high areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which accumulated rainwater. From the early sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill through the underground channel of Acqua Vergine. The aqueduct’s channel was made reachable by pozzi, or manholes, that were installed along its length when it was first engineered. b-033__22864.jpg The manholes made it less demanding to thoroughly clean the channel, but it was also possible to use buckets to extract water from the aqueduct, as we witnessed with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he owned the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he died. He didn’t get an adequate amount water from the cistern that he had constructed on his property to gather rainwater. Fortunately, the aqueduct sat just below his property, and he had a shaft opened to give him access.

The Many Styles of Outdoor Fountains

Convert your garden into what you have always desired – an oasis of serenity. Incorporating a fountain into your yard provides tranquility as well as numerous powerful effects that come with having a water feature.

Sending a stream of water shooting into the air, spouting fountains leave a dazzling impression. Ample, existing ponds can effortlessly be fitted with one of these. Esplanades and historical mansions often have one these fountains.

Wall fountains are an great example of outdoor wall features. These types of fountains make for a great addition to your yard even if it is small. Wall fountains make a subtle impression, contrary to the big effect produced by spouting fountains. In this straightforward process, water is ejected from a little spout, goes down a beautifully textured wall, before being recovered at the bottom and returned to the top once again.

Dependent on the design you have chosen for the garden, you could contemplate a themed fountain. A cherub grasping a spout is one of the possible types of classical-styled statues you can use if you want your fountain to fit a rustically themed cottage or garden. Consider installing something bolder and distinctive for a contemporary garden. Let your creativity run free to select the best option.

Water streams down several levels in a tiered fountain. Cascading fountains is another expression used to identify this type of fountain because water flows down multiple levels.

Since outdoor fountains occupy a great deal of space, consider putting in a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. These types of water features are ideal for an area with limited space because their reservoirs are hidden underground.

Serenity and well-being are a few of the main sensations imparted by Japanese fountains. In this style of water feature the water passes through bamboo sticks. The cycle of water falling into a rustic-styled recipient or a molded stone repeats itself again and again.

One of the many styles of fountain available is the glass fountain. Featuring shaped metalwork, trellis-style fountains of this kind have a more traditional feel. Water features such as these are ideal for yards with many sharp corners as well as modern-day forms and designs. As the water moves over the top of the glass it produces a dazzling impact. Colorful LED lights are also included in some fountains to illuminate the water as it progresses down the sheet of glass. Often made of imitation rock, rock waterfall fountains have water gently trickling down its surface.

Bubbling rock fountains are big rocks drilled with holes which are then filled with tubes in the middle.

Low pressure is employed to push up the water which then bubbles and gurgles at the top. Water then flows as a delicate trickle down the sides of the rock to its base. Little gardens are perfect for this sort of fountain. This sort of fountain, which uses low pressure to move water, is ideal because it stops water from being sprayed around in breezy weather.

Powered by sunlight, solar fountains are becoming rapidly trendy. There are numerous reasons for this newly found appeal such as the absence of cables, less difficulty in running them, a reduction in electricity bills, and the benefits to the environment. You will not have to concede on style since there is a wide selection of designs to pick from in outdoor solar-powered fountains.

The Many Reasons to Add a Wall Fountain

You can improve your exterior space by adding a wall fountain or an outdoor garden water feature to your property or gardening project. Many contemporary designers and artisans have been inspired by historical fountains and water features. Therefore, in order to connect your home to earlier times, include one these in your home decor.

The benefit of having a garden fountain goes beyond its beauty as it also appeals to birds and other wildlife, in addition to harmonizing the ecosystem with the water and moisture it releases into the atmosphere. Birds drawn to a fountain or bird bath often frighten off irksome flying invaders, for instance.

Wall fountains are a good alternative if your yard is small because they do not require much space in contrast to a spouting or cascading fountain. Two possibilities to pick from include either a freestanding type with an even back set against a fence or wall in your backyard, or a wall-mounted, self-contained type which hangs on a wall. Adding a fountain to an existent wall requires that you include a fountain mask as well as a basin at the bottom to collect the water. It is best not to undertake this job on your own as professional plumbers and masons are more suitable to do this type of work.

Greece: Cultural Statuary

Even though many sculptors were remunerated by the temples to adorn the sophisticated columns and archways with renderings of the gods, as the period came to a close, it became more common for sculptors to represent ordinary people as well because plenty of Greeks had started to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred. In some cases, a depiction of affluent families' ancestors would be commissioned to be located within huge familial tombs, and portraiture, which would be replicated by the Romans upon their conquering of Greek civilization, also became commonplace. It is amiss to think that the arts had one function during the course of The Classical Greek period, a duration of artistic achievement during which the use of sculpture and alternative art forms changed. Greek sculpture was actually a cutting-edge component of antiquity, whether the reason was faith based fervor or visual satisfaction, and its modern quality may be what endears it to us today.

The Dispersion of Fountain Design Innovation

The circulated reports and illustrated pamphlets of the time contributed to the advancements of scientific technology, and were the chief methods of dissiminating useful hydraulic facts and fountain ideas throughout Europe.

An unnamed French water feature developer became an globally celebrated hydraulic leader in the late 1500's. His competence in designing gardens and grottoes with incorporated and imaginative water features began in Italy and with mandates in Brussels, London and Germany. He authored a book titled “The Principles of Moving Forces” toward the conclusion of his life while in France that came to be the essential tome on hydraulic technology and engineering. Classical antiquity hydraulic advancements were elaborated as well as changes to crucial classical antiquity hydraulic discoveries in the publication. Archimedes, the developer of the water screw, had his work showcased and these integrated a mechanical way to move water. Natural light heated up the liquid in two hidden vessels next to the decorative fountain were displayed in an illustration. The end result: the fountain is triggered by the hot liquid expanding and rising up the pipes. Garden ponds as well as pumps, water wheels, and water feature styles are talked about in the book.


The Original Outdoor Water Feature Designers
Multi-talented people, fountain designers from the 16th to the late 18th century frequently worked as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in... read more
The Function of Hydrostatics In The Design Of Fountains
All liquids in a state of equilibrium exert power on the materials it comes in contact with. The force used falls into one of two categories: external force or hydrostatic energy. The pressure level applied by the liquid against a level wall is equal at each... read more
The Function of Hydrostatics In The Design Of Outdoor Fountains
All liquids in a state of equilibrium exert power on the materials it comes in contact with. There are two forms, hydrostatic load or outside forces. When pushing against a level wall, the fluid applies equal force at various points on the wall.... read more
Rome’s Early Water Transport Systems
With the building of the first raised aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, individuals who lived on the city’s hillsides no longer had to rely exclusively on naturally-occurring spring water for their demands. If inhabitants... read more
Agrippa's Eye-popping, but Mostly Forgotten Water-Lifting System
Regrettably, Agrippa’s wonderful design for raising water wasn’t mentioned a great deal following 1588, when Andrea Bacci acknowledged it ... read more
Statuary As a Staple of Classic Art in Ancient Greece
Archaic Greeks were known for creating the first freestanding statuary; up till then, most carvings were made out of walls and pillars as reliefs. Most of these freestanding sculptures were what... read more