"Primitive" Greek Art: Large Statuary

Archaic Greeks were well known for developing the first freestanding statuary; up until then, most carvings were formed out of walls and pillars as reliefs. For the most part the statues, or kouros figures, were of young and nice-looking male or female (kore) Greeks. Representing beauty to the Greeks, the kouroi were made to look rigid and typically had foot in front; the males were healthy, strong, and nude. In 650 BC, life-sized variations of the kouroi began to be seen. The Archaic period was tumultuous for the Greeks as they evolved into more sophisticated forms of federal government and art, and gained more data about the peoples and civilizations outside of Greece. aq_78208_2__45627.jpg Battles like The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos, and other wars among city-states are indicative of the disruptive nature of the time, which was similar to other periods of historical upset. However, these conflicts did not significantly hinder the advancement of the Greek civilization.

Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Garden Fountains

In Rome’s city center, there are many easily recognized water features. Pretty much all of them were planned, designed and built by one of the greatest sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Also a city builder, he had capabilities as a fountain developer, and remnants of his life's work are obvious throughout the avenues of Rome. To totally exhibit their art, chiefly in the form of public water fountains and water fountains, Bernini's father, a distinguished Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they ultimately moved in the City of Rome. An excellent employee, the young Bernini earned praise and the backing of various popes and influential artists. He was initially celebrated for his sculpture. Working faultlessly with Roman marble, he used a base of expertise in the classic Greek architecture, most notably in the Vatican. Though many artists had an influence on his work, Michelangelo had the most profound effect.

The Earliest Outdoor Fountains

As originally developed, water fountains were crafted to be practical, guiding water from streams or reservoirs to the citizens of towns and settlements, where the water could be utilized for cooking, washing, and drinking. A supply of water higher in elevation than the fountain was needed to pressurize the movement and send water squirting from the fountain's nozzle, a technology without equal until the later part of the 19th century. Fountains all through history have been designed as memorials, impressing local citizens and visitors alike. If you saw the very first fountains, you wouldn't recognize them as fountains.

Created for drinking water and ceremonial reasons, the initial fountains were very simple carved stone basins. Pure stone basins as fountains have been found from 2,000 BC. The force of gravity was the energy source that controlled the initial water fountains. The placement of the fountains was driven by the water source, which is why you’ll commonly find them along aqueducts, canals, or rivers. The Romans began constructing elaborate fountains in 6 B.C., most of which were bronze or natural stone masks of wildlife and mythological heroes. Water for the communal fountains of Rome arrived to the city via a complex system of water aqueducts.

Outdoor Garden Fountains And Their Use In Ancient Minoa

Fountains and Water and the Minoan Civilization These were utilized to furnish urban centers with water as well as to minimize flooding and eliminate waste material. Rock and terracotta were the ingredients of choice for these channels.

There were clay conduits, both round and rectangular as well as pathways made from the same elements. The cone-like and U-shaped terracotta pipelines which were uncovered have not been spotted in any other culture. The water supply at Knossos Palace was managed with a system of clay pipes which was placed beneath the floor, at depths ranging from a couple of centimeters to several meters. Along with circulating water, the clay conduits of the Minoans were also used to amass water and store it. Thus, these pipelines had to be able to: Underground Water Transportation: This system’s invisible nature may suggest that it was initially created for some type of ritual or to allocate water to limited groups. Quality Water Transportation: Many historians think that these water lines were chosen to create a different distribution technique for the castle.

The Wide Array of Styles of Wall Fountains

Wall fountains are well suited to little verandas or yards because they do not require too much space while also adding a touch of flair and providing a great place to find peace and quiet. When looking at the many types of outdoor wall fountains available including traditional, antique, modern, or Asian, you are certain to find one best suited to your design ideas. If you are looking for a unique design, a custom-built one can be specially made to fit your specifications.

Mounted and free-standing water features are readily available on the market. Small, self-contained versions can be hung on a wall are called mounted wall fountains. One of the most important features of wall fountains is that they be lightweight, so they are normally made of fiberglass or resin to replicate the look of stone.

Floor fountains are freestanding, large, and also have a basin on the floor as well as a flat side against the wall. There are no weight constraints on these kinds of cast stone water features.

Landscape designers often propose a customized fountain for a brand new or existing wall. A expert mason is necessary to place the water basin against the wall and correctly install all the plumbing inside or behind the wall. The wall will need to have a spout or fountain mask incorporated into it. The cohesive look produced by custom-made wall fountains make them appear to be part of the scenery rather than an afterthought.


Select from Many Exterior Wall Fountain Styles
It is a good idea to integrate a customized fountain into a new or existing wall, something often suggested by landscape professionals. A expert mason is necessary to place the water basin against the wall and correctly install all the... read more