How Mechanical Concepts of Fountains Spread

Contributing to the advancement of scientific technology were the published letters and illustrated books of the time. They were also the primary means of transmitting useful hydraulic facts and fountain design suggestions all through Europe. An un-named French water fountain developer was an internationally renowned hydraulic innovator in the later part of the 1500's. His expertise in designing landscapes and grottoes with incorporated and imaginative water features began in Italy and with commissions in Brussels, London and Germany. The publication, “The Principles of Moving Forces,” written towards the end of his life in France, became the definitive writing on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Describing contemporary hydraulic systems, the publication also modernized key hydraulic advancements of classical antiquity. aq-78011__87712.jpg Archimedes, the creator of the water screw, had his work featured and these included a mechanized way to move water. Sunlight warming liquid in a couple of vessels hidden in a room adjacent to an beautiful water fountain was displayed in one illustration. The end result: the water fountain is triggered by the hot water expanding and rising up the pipes. Concepts for pumps, water wheels, water attributes and outdoor ponds are also included in the guide.

Water Features: The Minoan Society

Various kinds of conduits have been discovered through archaeological excavations on the island of Crete, the cradle of Minoan society. These supplied water and removed it, including water from waste and storms. Many were made from terracotta or stone. Terracotta was used for canals and water pipes, both rectangle-shaped and spherical. Amidst these were clay piping which were U-shaped or a shortened, cone-like shape which have only appeared in Minoan culture. Terracotta conduits were utilized to administer water at Knossos Palace, running up to three meters under the floors. The water pipes also had other uses such as collecting water and channeling it to a centralized place for storage. Hence, these piping had to be able to:

Underground Water Transportation: At first this particular system seems to have been created not for ease but to provide water to specific individuals or rites without it being spotted. Quality Water Transportation: The conduits could also have been used to carry water to water fountains which were split from the city’s general technique.

The Many Reasons to Include a Water Feature

A great way to enhance the look of your outdoor living area is to add a wall fountain or an exterior garden fountain to your landscaping or garden layout. Many contemporary designers and craftsmen have been influenced by historical fountains and water features. Therefore, in order to link your home to previous times, add one these in your decor. Among the many properties of these beautiful garden water features is the water and moisture they release into the air which attracts birds and other wild life as well as helps to balance the ecosystem. For example, pesky flying insects are usually discouraged by the birds attracted to the fountain or birdbath.

The space necessary for a cascading or spouting fountain is substantial, so a wall fountain is the perfect size for a small yard. There are two types of fountains to choose from including the freestanding model with a flat back and an attached basin set up against a fence or a wall in your yard, or the wall-mounted, self-contained version which is hung directly on a wall. Adding a fountain to an existing wall requires that you add a fountain mask as well as a basin at the base to gather the water. The plumbing and masonry work necessary for this kind of work requires expertise, so it is best to employ a skilled person rather than do it yourself.

Gian Bernini's Outdoor Fountains

In Rome’s city center, there are countless easily recognized public fountains. One of the best ever sculptors and artists of the 17th century, virtually all of them were designed, conceived and built by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Traces of his life's efforts are evident throughout the roads of Rome simply because, in addition to his capabilities as a fountain builder, he was also a city builder. Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, guided his young son, and they finally moved in Rome, to thoroughly express their art in the form of community water fountains and water fountains. The young Bernini earned compliments from Popes and influential artists alike, and was an exceptional worker. At the beginning he was renowned for his sculptural abilities. Most famously in the Vatican, he used a base of expertise in classic Greek architecture and melded it flawlessly with Roman marble. Though a variety of artists impacted his artistic endeavors, Michelangelo affected him the most.

Sculpture As a Staple of Vintage Art in Historic Greece

Archaic Greeks were well known for providing the first freestanding statuary; up until then, most carvings were formed out of walls and pillars as reliefs. Younger, appealing male or female (kore) Greeks were the subject matter of most of the sculptures, or kouros figures. The kouroi were seen by the Greeks to represent beauty and were sculpted with one foot leading and an uncompromising firmness to their forward-facing poses; the male statues were always strapping, sinewy, and undressing. In 650 BC, life-sized forms of the kouroi began to be observed. Throughout the Archaic time, a big time of change, the Greeks were evolving new types of government, expressions of art, and a better awareness of people and cultures outside Greece. But in spite of the disputes, the Greek civilization continued to progress, unabated.

Did You Know How Mechanical Concepts of Fountains Became Known?
Instrumental to the advancement of scientific technology were the printed letters and illustrated books of the time. They were also the primary method of transmitting useful hydraulic facts and water fountain design ideas throughout Europe. A globally recognized ... read more
The Defining Characteristics of Classic Greek Sculpture
Archaic Greeks were known for providing the first freestanding statuary; up till then, most carvings were made out of walls and pillars as reliefs. Kouros figures, statues of adolescent, attractive... read more
Dogs, Cats and Outdoor Fountains
If you are thinking about getting a water feature, ensure that your pets like it. Your pet dog could think that your stand-alone fountain looks like a big... read more