Rome’s Ingenious Water Transport Solutions

Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct assembled in Rome, started off providing the men and women living in the hills with water in 273 BC, even though they had relied on natural springs up until then. aq_78211__08842.jpg Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the only techniques around at the time to supply water to locations of greater elevation. From the beginning of the sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill by way of the underground channel of Acqua Vergine. During its initial building and construction, pozzi (or manholes) were located at set intervals alongside the aqueduct’s channel. Though they were primarily designed to make it possible to support the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi started using the manholes to accumulate water from the channel, opening when he purchased the property in 1543. Despite the fact that the cardinal also had a cistern to accumulate rainwater, it didn’t produce a sufficient amount of water. Fortunately, the aqueduct sat below his property, and he had a shaft established to give him access.

Hydro-Statics & Public Fountains: The Fundamentals

From its housing vessel to other components it comes in contact with, liquid in equilibrium exerts force on every single thing it meets. These fall into two types, hydrostatic load or outside force. The liquid applies the exact amount of force to the varied spots that it comes in contact with, provided that the surface is level.

An object that’s wholly submerged in a fluid that’s in equilibrium experiences vertical power on all points of its body. This is also understood as buoyancy or the Archimedes’ principle. When hydrostatic force is applied on an area of liquid, this becomes hydrostatic pressure. A city’s water supply system, fountains, and artesian wells are all good examples of the application of these concepts on containers.

Your Patio: A Great Spot for a Garden Fountain

The area outside your home can be polished up by adding a wall or a garden fountain to your landscaping or garden project. Contemporary artists and fountain builders alike use historical fountains and water features to shape their creations. As such, the impact of adding one of these to your interior decor bridges it to past times. Among the many attributes of these beautiful garden fountains is the water and moisture they release into the air which attracts birds and other wild life as well as helps to balance the ecosystem. Birds enticed by a fountain or bird bath often frighten off irksome flying invaders, for instance.

The area required for a cascading or spouting fountain is considerable, so a wall fountain is the perfect size for a small yard. Either a freestanding fountain with an even back and an attached basin set against a fence or a wall, or a wall-mounted style which is self-contained and hangs on a wall, are some of the possibilities from which you can choose. Both a fountain mask located on the existing wall as well as a basin located at the bottom to collect the water are equired if you wish to add a fountain. It is best not to undertake this job on your own as professional plumbers and masons are best suited to do this type of work.

Free Drinking Fountains in and Around Berkley, California

In February 2014, a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages was enacted in Berkley, CA, making it the first city in the United States to submit such a law. The goal is to get people drinking more water and other natural drinks by elevating the price tag of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. First, the city conducted an analysis to evaluate whether people had easy access to working drinking water fountains. Information on the city’s drinking water fountains were gathered using a GPS created specifically for the research. Demographic data on race and income was then assembled using the US Census database. Evaluations were made amongst the location and demographic data, showing whether class differences affected availability to clean, working water fountains.

The research was able to identify the demographics of areas with water fountains, also noting whether the shape of the fountains was better or worse in lower class neighborhoods. The fact that the fountains were working was not a guarantee that they were well-maintained, given that quite a few were in need of cleaning and repair.

Select from Many Exterior Wall Fountain Styles

Wall fountains are well suited to little patios or gardens because they do not take up too much space while also adding a touch of flair and providing a great place to find peace and quiet. When considering the many types of outdoor wall fountains available including traditional, antique, modern, or Asian, you are certain to find one most suitable to your design ideas. Your tastes determine the type you buy so while there may not be a prefabricated fountain to satisfy you, you do have the option of having a customized one.

The two types of fountains available to you are mounted and freestanding models. Mounted wall fountains are little and self-contained variations which can be placed on a wall. Fountains of this type need to be lightweight, therefore, they are usually made of resin (resembling stone) or fiberglass. Floor fountains are freestanding, sizable, and also have a basin on the floor as well as a flat side against the wall.

Water features such as these are ordinarily made of cast stone and have no weight restrictions.

Landscape designers often propose a custom-built fountain for a brand new or existing wall. A professional mason is necessary to install the water basin against the wall and correctly install all the plumbing inside or behind the wall. It is also vital to include a spout or fountain mask to build it into the wall. Custom-built wall fountains lend to a unified look because they become part of the scenery rather than look like a later addition.


Water Transport Strategies in Ancient Rome
Previous to 273, when the first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was made in Rome, residents who resided on hillsides had to journey further down to collect their water from natural... read more
Characteristics of Garden Statuary in Archaic Greece
Up right up until the Archaic Greeks provided the very first freestanding statuary, a noteworthy success, carvings had primarily been completed in walls and pillars as reliefs. Kouros figures, sculptures of young, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks, made up... read more
Choose from all Sorts of External Water Features
The trend of setting up solar powered fountains is becoming increasingly prevalent. The lack of cables, the decreased difficulty in managing them, the lower energy bills, and the benefits to our ecosystem are just some of the motives for this... read more