Acqua Vergine: The Solution to Rome's Water Troubles

Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct built in Rome, started out providing the people living in the hills with water in 273 BC, though they had depended on natural springs up until then. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the sole technological innovations around at the time to supply water to areas of higher elevation. From the early sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill by way of the underground channel of Acqua Vergine. Through its initial building and construction, pozzi (or manholes) were positioned at set intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. su1864_2__47115.jpg Although they were originally designed to make it possible to support the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi began using the manholes to gather water from the channel, opening when he obtained the property in 1543. Apparently, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t good enough to meet his needs. By using an opening to the aqueduct that flowed under his property, he was in a position to satisfy his water demands.

Characteristics of Outdoor Sculpture in Archaic Greece

Archaic Greeks were well known for developing the first freestanding statuary; up until then, most carvings were formed out of walls and pillars as reliefs. Most of the freestanding statues were of young, winsome male or female (kore) Greeks and are termed kouros figures. The kouroi, regarded by the Greeks to represent beauty, had one foot extended out of a strict forward-facing posture and the male statues were regularly undressed, with a strong, powerful shape. Around 650 BC, life-size versions of the kouroi began to be observed. The Archaic period was turbulent for the Greeks as they progressed into more polished forms of federal government and art, and obtained more information and facts about the peoples and societies outside of Greece. Equivalent to many other moments of historical conflict, disputes were commonplace, and there were struggles between city-states like The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos.

Exterior Water Features Come in Lots of Shapes and Sizes

Convert your garden into what you have always wanted – a haven of serenity. The soothing feeling created by outdoor fountains is just one of the benefits of installing a water feature in your garden.

The flood of water sent shooting into the air by a spouting fountain is an impressive sight to see. Sizable, existing ponds can easily be fitted with one of these. You may have encountered one of these in a recreation area or an old mansion.

One of the myriad examples of an outdoor water feature is a chic wall fountain. These types of water features make for a fantastic addition to your yard even if it is small. Wall fountains are not flashy water features as compared to a spouting fountain. It is simple process wherein a small jet of water pours outwards in front of a splendidly textured wall and then flows down only to be pumped up again.

Themed fountains are ideal when the style of your yard allows for them.

If your cottage or garden is styled in a rustic manner, you should consider including a classic type of statue, such as a seraph holding the spout, to your fountain. On the other hand, a more modern garden can include more of a bold design. Just allow your imagination to run loose.

The main characteristic of tiered fountains is the numerous levels spewing out water. Due to the water moving down its various levels, these are also called cascading fountains.

Since outdoor fountains require a great deal of space, think about putting in a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. Due to the fact that the reservoirs necessary for these kinds of fountains are hidden underground, you can make the most of the room at your disposal.

If you seek a feeling of peacefulness and calmness, put in a Japanese fountain as these are thought to bring about such sensations. Bamboo sticks are utilized in this type of fountain to expel the water. The cycle of water flowing into a rustic-styled bucket or a shaped stone repeats itself again and again.

One of the many designs of fountain available is the glass fountain. A more vintage look is provided by trellis-style fountains which feature shaped metalwork. However, this style of water feature is better suited to gardens with many sharp corners as well as contemporary forms and design. As the water flows over the surface of the glass it produces a dazzling impact. In some cases, the water is colored by LED lights as it flows over the glass panels. Often made of imitation rock, stone waterfall fountains have water slowly trickling down its surface.

The attribute which differentiates a bubbling rock fountain is a large rock drilled with holes where pipes can be inserted into its middle. The bubbling and gurgling at the uppermost part of this type of fountain are brought on by the water being pushed upward at low pressure. Downward flowing water appears as soft trickle as it moves down the sides of the rock to return to its base. This sort of fountain is perfectly suitable for small gardens. To ensure that water is not sprayed around if it begins to get windy, this kind of fountain is the best choice since it only uses low pressure to move water.

Powered by sunlight, solar fountains are growing to be rapidly trendy. The reasons for this are diverse, from the lack of wires and the reduced complexities to the lower power bills and the beneficial effects on our environment. Outdoor solar-powered fountains are available in myriad different styles, therefore, you will not have to compromise on which one to buy.

Contemporary Statues in Old Greece

Traditionally, most sculptors were paid by the temples to embellish the elaborate columns and archways with renderings of the gods, but as the period came to a close it grew to be more accepted for sculptors to portray regular people as well simply because many Greeks had begun to think of their institution as superstitious rather than sacred. Rich individuals would often times commission a rendition of their ancestors for their large familial tombs; portraiture additionally became common and would be appropriated by the Romans upon their acquisition of Greek civilization. A point of artistic development, the use of sculpture and alternate art forms morphed throughout the Greek Classical period, so it is inaccurate to suggest that the arts provided only one function. It may possibly be the advanced quality of Greek sculpture that captivates our eye these days; it was on a leading-edge practice of the ancient world regardless of whether it was created for religious reasons or aesthetic pleasure.

Exterior Wall Fountains: The Many Designs on the Market

You can design a place to relax as well as add a touch of style to your porch or yard with a wall fountain since they are excellent adornments to fit into small area. Conventional, antique, contemporary, or Asian are just some of the designs you can pick from when looking for an outdoor wall fountain to your liking. If you are looking for a distinctive design, a custom-built one can be specially made to fit your specifications.

There are two distinct styles of fountains you can buy: mounted and free-standing. Small, self-contained models can be hung on a wall are known as mounted wall fountains. Typically made of resin (to look like stone) or fiber glass, these sorts of fountains are lightweight and easy to hang.

Stand-alone fountains, often referred to as floor fountains, are of considerable size, have a basin situated on the ground and a smooth side which leans against a wall. Typically made of cast stone, this style of water feature is not limited in weight.

Customized fountains which can be integrated into a new or existing wall are often prescribed by landscaping designers. Placing the basin against the wall and installing all the plumbing work needs a expert mason to do it properly. You will need to integrate a spout or fountain mask into the wall. Customized wall fountains add to a unified look because they become part of the landscape rather than look like a later addition.


"Old School" Fountain Manufacturers
Multi-talented people, fountain artists from the 16th to the late 18th century often served as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one. Leonardo da Vinci as a innovative... read more
Statuary As a Staple of Vintage Art in Ancient Greece
Archaic Greeks were well known for developing the first freestanding statuary; up until then, most carvings were made out of walls and pillars as reliefs. Most of the freestanding statues were of youthful, winsome male or female (kore) Greeks and are... read more
The Earliest Documented Water Features of History
Water fountains were originally practical in function, used to deliver water from rivers or creeks to towns and villages, supplying the inhabitants with clean water to drink, wash, and prepare food with. A supply... read more