Architectural Sculpture in Early Greece

Sculptors garnished the elaborate columns and archways with renderings of the greek gods until the period came to a close and more Greeks had begun to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred; at that time, it became more accepted for sculptors be paid to show everyday individuals as well. Wealthy individuals would occasionally commission a rendition of their ancestors for their big familial burial tombs; portraiture also became prevalent and would be appropriated by the Romans upon their acquisition of Greek society. The usage of sculpture and other art forms varied through the years of The Greek Classical period, a duration of creative progress when the arts had more than one objective. Greek sculpture was a cutting-edge component of antiquity, whether the reason was faith based fervor or aesthetic satisfaction, and its modern quality may be what endears it to us now.

Acqua Vergine: The Remedy to Rome's Water Troubles

Prior to 273, when the very first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in Rome, residents who resided on hillsides had to go even further down to get their water from natural sources. If residents residing at higher elevations did not have accessibility to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to rely on the other existing solutions of the time, cisterns that collected rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that drew the water from below ground. In the early sixteenth century, the city began to make use of the water that ran underground through Acqua Vergine to provide water to Pincian Hill. The aqueduct’s channel was made accessible by pozzi, or manholes, that were positioned along its length when it was first engineered. The manholes made it easier to clean the channel, but it was also possible to use buckets to extract water from the aqueduct, as we observed with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he bought the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he passed away. Though the cardinal also had a cistern to amass rainwater, it didn’t supply enough water. That is when he decided to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran underneath his residential property.

Pets and Outdoor Fountains

Take into account how your pet may react to a water feature before you get one. Your pet dog could think that your stand-alone fountain resembles a big pond to drink from or a pool in which to bathe. Installing a fountain to your yard is a great idea, one which is certain to benefit your pets. You should take into account the fact that birds might think they have found a new place to bathe when they see your fountain so think well where you put it. Install a birdbath if your objective is to draw birds to your property. Setting up a wall water fountain inside your house is a good alternative if you want to avoid such troubles. These sorts of fountains are ideal for dental and medical offices, not to mention stately homes.

Rome, Gian Bernini, And Public Fountains

In Rome’s city center, there are many easily recognized public fountains. One of the most distinguished sculptors and artists of the 17th century, almost all of them were planned, conceived and constructed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. He was additionally a urban architect, in addition to his expertise as a water fountain developer, and remnants of his life's work are noticeable throughout the streets of Rome. Eventually transferring to Rome to totally show their art, primarily in the form of community water features, Bernini’s father, a famed Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son. a_538__91109.jpg The juvenile Bernini was an exceptional employee and attained compliments and patronage of significant painters as well as popes. He was initially recognized for his sculpture. Most particularly in the Vatican, he used a base of expertise in ancient Greek architecture and melded it effortlessly with Roman marble. Though he was influenced by many, Michelangelo had the most serious effect on him, both personally and professionally.

California's Outdoor Fountain Study and Results

In February 2014, a charge on sugar-sweetened beverages was passed in Berkley, CA, making it the first city in the United States to submit such a regulation. By making soda more costly, it’s expected that parents will make better choices for what their children drink, like water as an example. Research was conducted to find out the reputation of local drinking water fountains and whether people from different racial or economic backgrounds had reduced access to them. Facts on the city’s drinking water fountains were developed using a GPS created specifically for the research. Specialists then used US Census data to find out even more about the economic and racial elements that influenced the city. By cross-referencing the water fountain locations with the demographic data, they were able to determine whether access to functioning fountains was class dependent. Each water fountain and the demographics of its nearby area were studied to reveal whether the site of the fountains or their level of maintenance demonstrated any link to income, race, or other points. The cleanliness of various fountains was found poor, even if most were working.


Water Delivery Strategies in Early Rome
With the construction of the first raised aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s foothills no longer had to be dependent... read more
The Original Public Garden Fountains of Human History
Water fountains were at first practical in purpose, used to convey water from canals or springs to cities and hamlets, providing the inhabitants with clean water to drink, wash, and prepare food with. In the... read more