Rome’s Ingenious Water Delivery Systems

Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct assembled in Rome, commenced providing the people living in the hills with water in 273 BC, although they had relied on natural springs up till then. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the sole technological innovations around at the time to supply water to spots of greater elevation. From the beginning of the sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill by using the subterranean channel of Acqua Vergine. Spanning the length of the aqueduct’s channel were pozzi, or manholes, that gave access. cs_146_aged_stone__88341.jpg Whilst these manholes were provided to make it less difficult to sustain the aqueduct, it was also feasible to use buckets to pull water from the channel, which was practiced by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he obtained the property in 1543 to his death in 1552. Although the cardinal also had a cistern to get rainwater, it didn’t provide enough water. To give himself with a much more useful system to gather water, he had one of the manholes exposed, giving him access to the aqueduct below his property.

The Dispersion of Outdoor Fountain Design Knowledge

Throughout Europe, the primary means of dissiminating practical hydraulic information and fountain design suggestions were the circulated pamphlets and illustrated books of the day, which contributed to the advancement of scientific innovation. An unnamed French water feature developer came to be an internationally renowned hydraulic innovator in the later part of the 1500's. By creating landscapes and grottoes with incorporated and ingenious water features, he started off his career in Italy by getting Royal commissions in Brussels, London and Germany. In France, near the closure of his lifetime, he wrote “The Principle of Moving Forces”, a publication which turned into the primary text on hydraulic technology and engineering. Describing contemporary hydraulic systems, the book also updated key hydraulic developments of classical antiquity. Prominent among these works were those of Archimedes, the inventor of the water screw, a mechanized means of transferring water. Sunlight heating water in two containers unseen in a room next to an beautiful water fountain was shown in one illustration. The end result: the fountain is stimulated by the hot liquid expanding and ascending up the conduits. Models for pumps, water wheels, water features and garden ponds are also included in the guide.

The Positive Benefits of installing a garden fountain in Your Living Area

The addition of a wall fountain or an outdoor garden fountain is an excellent way to beautify your yard or garden design. A myriad of present-day designers and fountain craftsmen have found ideas in the fountains and water features of the past.

You can also reinforce the connection to the past by including one of these to your home's interior design. In addition to the positive characteristics of garden fountains, they also produce water and moisture which goes into the air, thereby, attracting birds as well as other creatures and harmonizing the environment. For instance, irksome flying insects are usually deterred by the birds attracted to the fountain or birdbath.

Wall fountains are a good choice if your yard is small because they do not require much space as compared to a spouting or cascading fountain. Two options to choose from include either a freestanding type with an even back set against a fence or wall in your backyard, or a wall-mounted, self-contained type which is suspended on a wall. Be sure to include a fountain mask to an existing wall and a basin to collect the water at the base if you wish to add a fountain to your living area. Since the plumbing and masonry work is substantial to complete this type of job, you should hire a professional to do it rather than attempt to do it alone.

Do Animals Like Water Fountains?

Take into account how your pet may respond to a water feature before you buy one. Pets such as dogs could mistake your freestanding fountain with a large pool to cool off in or a pond from which to drink. Your beloved pets will probably take well to a fountain feature in your yard. You may need to consider where you will place the fountain as birds may take it as a bathing pond. Setting up a birdbath is a great solution if you want birds to check out your garden, however. To prevent this, however, putting in a wall water fountain inside your home is a great option. Exclusive mansions, in addition to dentist’ and doctors’ practices, often have such fountains on display.

Basics of Hydrostatics

All liquids in a state of equilibrium exert force on the materials it comes in contact with. The force applied falls into one of two categories: external force or hydrostatic energy. When pressing against a level wall, the fluid applies equal force at different points on the wall. An object that’s completely submerged in a fluid that’s in equilibrium experiences vertical power on all points of its body. This is also understood as buoyancy or the Archimedes’ principle. Liquid acted on by hydrostatic force is then subject to hydrostatic pressure at the point of contact.

A city’s water supply system, fountains, and artesian wells are all good examples of the application of these concepts on containers.


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