California's Garden Water Fountains Study and Results

ft-181__23193.jpg The first example of a soda tax in the US came in February 2014, when it was approved by the city of Berkley, California. By taxing sugary drinks, the city hopes to inspire more people to decide on healthier options, such as water. The aim of the research was to evaluate the state of community drinking water fountains and figure out if there is a distinction in access to fresh, operating drinking fountains based on racial or economic components. By developing a mobile GPS application, experts were able to gather data on Berkley’s drinking water fountains. The US Census Community Study database was utilized to amass information related to race and economic status in these segments. By cross-referencing the water fountain locations with the demographic data, they were able to establish whether access to functioning fountains was class dependent. The surrounding demographics of every single water fountain location was made note of, while additionally identifying whether race or income levels made a huge difference in the state of repair of each individual fountain. Most of the water fountains were dirty or clogged, regardless of the fact that the majority of fountains worked.

Sculpture As a Staple of Vintage Art in Historic Greece

Up right up until the Archaic Greeks created the very first freestanding statuary, a remarkable achievement, carvings had primarily been done in walls and pillars as reliefs. Younger, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks were the subject matter of most of the sculptures, or kouros figures. Representing beauty to the Greeks, the kouroi were crafted to look rigid and commonly had foot in front; the males were healthy, sturdy, and nude. The kouroi became life-sized beginning in 650 BC. The Archaic period was tumultuous for the Greeks as they progressed into more sophisticated forms of government and art, and obtained more information about the peoples and cultures outside of Greece. Still these disputes did not prevent the growth of the Greek civilization. {

Architectural Statues in Old Greece

Traditionally, most sculptors were compensated by the temples to adorn the involved columns and archways with renderings of the gods, however as the era came to a close it grew to be more accepted for sculptors to present regular people as well simply because many Greeks had begun to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred. Sometimes, a representation of affluent families' forefathers would be commissioned to be laid within huge familial tombs, and portraiture, which would be duplicated by the Romans upon their conquest of Greek civilization, also became customary. It is wrong to think that the arts had one purpose during the course of The Classical Greek period, a time of creative advancement during which the usage of sculpture and alternative art forms changed. Greek sculpture is perhaps enticing to us today because it was an avant-garde experiment in the ancient world, so it does not make a difference whether its original function was religious zeal or artistic enjoyment.

The Role of Hydrostatics In The Design Of Outdoor Fountains

All liquids in a state of equilibrium exert power on the materials it comes in contact with.

There exist two kinds of force, hydrostatic energies and external forces. The pressure level applied by the liquid against a level wall is equal at each and every point where it makes contact with the wall. When an subject is totally immersed in a liquid, vertical force is applied to the object at every point. This is also recognized as buoyancy or the Archimedes’ principle. Liquid acted on by hydrostatic force is then subject to hydrostatic pressure at the point of contact. Examples of these containers can be uncovered in the manner in which a city circulates water, along with its fountains and artesian wells.

Did You Know How Mechanical Concepts of Fountains Became Known?

Throughout Europe, the chief means of dissiminating useful hydraulic facts and fountain design ideas were the published papers and illustrated publications of the time, which contributed to the evolution of scientific innovation. An unnamed French water fountain designer came to be an globally celebrated hydraulic leader in the later part of the 1500's. His competence in developing landscapes and grottoes with built-in and ingenious water features began in Italy and with commissions in Brussels, London and Germany. In France, near the closure of his lifetime, he wrote “The Principle of Moving Forces”, a publication which became the fundamental text on hydraulic technology and engineering. Replacing principal hydraulic advancements of classical antiquity, the publication also explains modern hydraulic technologies. Notable among these works were those of Archimedes, the developer of the water screw, a mechanized means of moving water.

Two hidden containers warmed by the sun's rays in a space adjacent to the creative water fountain were found in an illustration. What occurs is the hot liquid expanded, rises and closes up the conduits heading to the water feature, thereby leading to activation. Designs for pumps, water wheels, water attributes and outdoor ponds are also mentioned in the book.


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