Aqueducts: The Remedy to Rome's Water Challenges

With the manufacturing of the 1st raised aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, folks who lived on the city’s foothills no longer had to depend strictly on naturally-occurring spring water for their requirements. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the lone techniques obtainable at the time to supply water to spots of greater elevation. In the very early sixteenth century, the city began to utilize the water that ran below ground through Acqua Vergine to provide water to Pincian Hill. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. During the roughly nine years he owned the property, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi employed these manholes to take water from the network in buckets, though they were initially built for the goal of cleaning and maintaining the aqueduct. 50621sl__99917.jpg He didn’t get sufficient water from the cistern that he had manufactured on his residential property to collect rainwater. Via an opening to the aqueduct that flowed underneath his property, he was able to meet his water wants.

California's Water Fountain Analysis and Results

Berkley, CA citizens voted for a sugar-sweetened beverages tax in February 2014, the first of its kind in the United States. The objective is to have individuals drinking more water and other natural drinks by increasing the cost of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. First, the city conducted an analysis to evaluate whether citizens had easy access to functioning drinking water fountains. Through data gathered by a mobile GPS app, researchers were able to determine the condition of active water fountains in Berkley. The US Census Community Study database was employed to compile information related to race and economic status in these locations. By cross-referencing the water fountain sites with the demographic information, they were able to identify whether access to working fountains was class reliant. The research was able to determine the demographics of areas with water fountains, also noting whether the shape of the fountains was greater or inferior in lower class neighborhoods. The fact that the fountains were functioning was not a guarantee that they were well-maintained, since quite a few were in need of maintenance and repair.

Pick from all Types of External Water Features

Have you ever considered turning your garden into an oasis of serenity? Integrating a fountain into your garden provides tranquility as well as a variety of beneficial effects that come with having a water feature.

The magnificence of a spouting fountain can be seen when it propels a stream of shooting water into the air. Sizable, preexisting ponds can effortlessly be fitted with one of these. These sorts of fountains are often seen in parks or historical stately homes.

Select a stylish wall fountain to put outside. If you are eager to include a water feature, but are doubtful because you have a small yard, do not hesitate to install one of these. Spouting fountains usually make quite an impact whereas wall features are more of a subtle type of water feature. In this straightforward process, water is ejected from a little spout, flows down a beautifully textured wall, before being recovered at the bottom and returned to the top once again.

Themed fountains are ideal when the design of your yard allows for them. In a rustic themed bungalow or garden, a classical styled statue for your fountain could include cherubs holding the spout. On the other hand, a more contemporary yard can include more of a bold design. Feel free to let your hair down and choose something fun and audacious.

Tiered fountains are alluring because the water flows down multiple levels. Water flowing down multiple tiers of this water feature is the main attribute of a cascading fountain.

The space needed for an outdoor fountain can be vast, therefore, a better alternative is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. Due to the fact that the reservoirs necessary for these kinds of fountains are hidden below the ground, you can make the most of the space at your disposal.

If you seek a feeling of serenity and calmness, install a Japanese fountain as these are thought to bring about such sensations. In this model of water feature the water runs through bamboo sticks. The repetition of water streaming into a bucket or shaped stone is one of the main attributes of this type of fountain.

An additional style of fountain is made of glass. A more conventional look is provided by trellis-style fountains which feature shaped metalwork. Water features of this kind are an excellent alternative for gardens with many sharp edges as well as contemporary shapes and design. A magnificent effect is created when water runs down the sheets of glass.

Colorful LED lights are also included in some fountains to illuminate the water as it progresses down the sheet of glass. A rock waterfall fountain (often made of imitation rock) showcases water slowly cascading down its façade.

The attribute which distinguishes a bubbling rock fountain is a large rock drilled with holes where pipes can be inserted into its center. Low pressure is used to spout out the water which then bubbles and gurgles at the top. Water then streams as a delicate trickle down the sides of the rock to its base. Gardens with limited space are good spots to include this style of fountain. The low pressure used in this sort of fountain hinders water from being spattered about in case of a windy day.

Solar driven fountains have become more popular recently because they run on sunlight. The advantages of using this type of solar powered fountain is the lack of cables, lowered difficulty in installing them, the decrease in electric bills, and the positive effects they have on our ecosystem. You will not have to concede on style since there is a wide array of designs to choose from in outdoor solar-powered fountains.

Builders of the First Water Features

Multi-talented people, fountain designers from the 16th to the late 18th century frequently served as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one person. Leonardo da Vinci as a innovative intellect, inventor and scientific expert exemplified this Renaissance artist. The forces of nature inspired him to examine the properties and movement of water, and due to his fascination, he methodically documented his findings in his now celebrated notebooks. Coupling inventiveness with hydraulic and gardening talent, early Italian fountain creators modified private villa settings into brilliant water displays filled with symbolic implications and natural charm. The humanist Pirro Ligorio provided the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli and was celebrated for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design. Other water feature designers, masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water attributes and water antics for the countless properties in the vicinity of Florence, were tried and tested in humanist subjects and traditional scientific texts.

Your Outdoor Living Area: The Perfect Spot for a Garden Fountain

A great way to enhance the appeal of your outdoor living area is to add a wall fountain or an exterior garden fountain to your landscaping or garden layout. Historical fountains and water features have stirred the notice of contemporary designers as well as fountain manufacturers. As such, the impact of integrating one of these to your interior decor connects it to past times. The advantage of having a garden fountain goes beyond its beauty as it also appeals to birds and other wildlife, in addition to harmonizing the ecosystem with the water and moisture it emits into the atmosphere. Flying, bothersome insects, for instance, are frightened off by the birds congregating near the fountain or birdbath.

Wall fountains are a good alternative if your yard is small because they do not require much space in comparison to a spouting or cascading fountain. Either a freestanding fountain with an even back and an attached basin placed against a fence or a wall, or a wall-mounted kind which is self-contained and hangs on a wall, are some of the possibilities from which you can choose. A water feature can be added to an existing wall if you include some type of fountain mask as well as a basin to collect the water below. The plumbing and masonry work necessary for this type of job requires training, so it is best to hire a skilled person rather than do it yourself.


Garden Fountains And Their Role in Public Health
In February 2014, a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages was enacted in Berkley, CA, making it the first city in the United States to introduce such a regulation. By... read more
Ancient Crete & The Minoans: Water Features
Fountains and Water and the Minoan Civilization These were utilized to furnish cities with water as well as to alleviate flooding and get rid of waste material. Many were made from terracotta or even stone. Terracotta was selected for... read more
The Hellenic Republic: Architectural Statuary
A good number of sculptors were paid by the temples to accentuate the elaborate columns and archways with renderings of the gods up until the period came to a close and countless Greeks began to... read more