The City Of Rome, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, And Public Fountains

There are many renowned water fountains in the city center of Rome. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the most brilliant sculptors and artists of the 17th century developed, conceptualized and produced virtually all of them. Also a city builder, he had capabilities as a fountain designer, and traces of his life's work are apparent throughout the roads of Rome. 50720cop__84587.jpg Bernini's father, a celebrated Florentine sculptor, guided his young son, and they ultimately relocated in Rome, to thoroughly show their artwork in the form of community water features and water features. The young Bernini received praise from Popes and relevant artists alike, and was an diligent worker. Originally he was recognized for his sculpting skills. Most notably in the Vatican, he made use of a base of knowledge in ancient Greek architecture and melded it seamlessly with Roman marble. Though many artists had an influence on his work, Michelangelo had the most profound effect.

"Primitive" Greek Art: Outdoor Statuary

The Archaic Greeks manufactured the first freestanding statuary, an impressive achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Most of these freestanding sculptures were what is known as kouros figures, statues of young, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks. The kouroi were considered by the Greeks to represent beauty and were sculpted with one foot leading and an uncompromising rigidity to their forward-facing poses; the male statues were always strapping, brawny, and naked. The kouroi became life-sized starting in 650 BC. The Archaic period was an extraordinary point of transformation for the Greeks as they extended into new forms of government, formed unique expressions of art, and gained knowledge of the people and cultures outside of Greece. However|Nevertheless|Nonetheless}, the Greek civilization was not slowed down by these battles.

A Brief History of Water Features

The water from rivers and other sources was originally provided to the occupants of nearby communities and municipalities by way of water fountains, whose design was largely practical, not artistic. A supply of water higher in elevation than the fountain was needed to pressurize the flow and send water squirting from the fountain's nozzle, a technology without equal until the late nineteenth century. Fountains all through history have been designed as monuments, impressing local citizens and travelers alike. The contemporary fountains of modern times bear little likeness to the first water fountains. The very first known water fountain was a natural stone basin carved that was used as a receptacle for drinking water and ceremonial purposes. The initial stone basins are suspected to be from about 2000 B.C.. Gravity was the energy source that controlled the initial water fountains. Drinking water was provided by public fountains, long before fountains became elaborate public statues, as attractive as they are practical. The Romans began building elaborate fountains in 6 B.C., most of which were bronze or stone masks of animals and mythological characters. The extraordinary aqueducts of Rome furnished water to the spectacular public fountains, most of which you can go see today.

Exterior Fountains Come in Many Forms and Sizes

Convert your garden into what you have always wished for – a haven of peace. Integrating a fountain into your garden provides tranquility as well as numerous beneficial effects that come with having a water feature.

Sending a stream of water straight into the air, spouting fountains create a spectacular impression. Large, existing ponds can have one of these incorporated without much difficulty. Esplanades and historical mansions often have one these water features.

Wall fountains are an great example of outdoor wall features. These types of water features make for a fantastic addition to your yard even if it is small. Wall fountains make a subtle impression, contrary to the big effect created by spouting fountains. In a very straightforward procedure, the water spills out of a spout, trickles down a magnificently textured wall only to be pumped back to the top.

Your garden’s style dictates whether a themed fountain is best for you.

A cherub holding a spout is one of the possible types of classical-styled statues you can use if you want your fountain to suit a rustically themed cottage or garden. Something special and striking could be an alternative for more modern gardens. Let your imagination run free to decide on the best option.

Tiered fountains are alluring because the water runs down multiple levels. Water streaming down multiple levels of this water feature is the primary attribute of a cascading fountain.

Due to the fact that outdoor fountains can take up a lot of room, fit in a wall fountain or a pondless fountain if the space you have is limited. These types of fountains are ideal for an area with limited space because their reservoirs are hidden underground.

Add a Japanese fountain if you are looking for a feeling of tranquility. In this style of water feature the water passes through bamboo sticks. Water then flows into a recipient or a shaped stone, only to repeat the pattern over and over again.

One of the many designs of fountain available is the glass fountain. Featuring shaped metalwork, trellis-style fountains of this kind have a more traditional feel. However, this type of water feature is better suited to backyard gardens with many sharp corners as well as modern-day forms and design. The flowing water forms a striking effect as it moves down the glass panels. Some fountains also include colored LED lights to shine onto the sheets of glass as water cascades downwards. With water softly running down its surface, rock waterfall fountains, often made of imitation rock, are a viable option for your garden.

In a bubbling rock fountain, a big rock is drilled with holes and then filled in the middle with tubes. Low pressure is used to push up the water which then bubbles and gurgles at the top. Flowing towards the base of the fountain, the water comes back as a slow dribble down the sides of the rock. This is yet another possibility for gardens with limited space. This sort of fountain, which uses low pressure to move water, is ideal because it stops water from being sprayed around in windy weather.

Solar driven fountains have become more popular recently since they run on sunlight.

The reasons for this are diverse, from the absence of wires and the reduced complexities to the lower power bills and the beneficial effects on our environment. You will not have to concede on style since there is a wide range of designs to pick from in outdoor solar-powered fountains.

The Early, Largely Ignored, Water-Moving Solution

In 1588, Agrippa’s water-lifting creation lured the attention and admiration of Andrea Bacci but that turned out to be one of the very last references of the mechanism. It might have become obsolete once the Villa Medici was in a position to obtain water from the Acqua Felice, the early contemporary conduit, in 1592. Though it’s more probable that it was essentially disposed of when Ferdinando ceded his cardinalship and returned back to Florence, securing his place as the Grand Duke of Tuscany, after the loss of his brother, Francesco di Medici, in 1588. Renaissance landscapes of the later part of the 16th century happened to be home to works such as music fountains, scenographic water exhibits and water caprices (giochi d’acqua), but these weren’t filled with water in ways that violated gravitation itself.


The Circulation of Garden Water Fountains Industrial Knowledge in Europe
Dissiminating practical hydraulic information and water fountain design ideas throughout Europe was accomplished with the published documents and illustrated publications... read more
Overview of Hydrostatics
From its housing vessel to other components it comes in contact with, liquid in equilibrium applies force on everything it touches. There are 2 forms, hydrostatic load or outside forces. When used against... read more
Garden Fountains: The Minoan Culture
During archaeological excavations on the island of Crete, a variety of varieties of conduits have been discovered. These provided water and eliminated it, including water from waste and deluges. Most were created from terracotta or... read more
Ancient Crete & The Minoans: Outdoor Fountains
Archaeological digs in Minoan Crete in Greece have discovered some varieties of channels. They not merely helped with the water supplies, they eliminated rainwater and... read more