Garden Fountain Engineers Through History

Often serving as architects, sculptors, designers, engineers and cultivated scholars, all in one, fountain creators were multi-talented people from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century. During the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci exemplified the creator as a inspired genius, creator and scientific specialist. He systematically documented his findings in his now famed notebooks about his investigations into the forces of nature and the properties and motion of water. Innovative water displays full with symbolic significance and all-natural beauty transformed private villa settings when early Italian water fountain creators coupled imagination with hydraulic and gardening skill. The humanist Pirro Ligorio, celebrated for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, offered the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli. 2011-278_2__66459.jpg Masterminding the extraordinary water marbles, water features and water jokes for the various mansions in the vicinity of Florence, some other fountain creators were well versed in humanistic issues as well as time-honored scientific texts.

Outdoor Water Fountains And Public Health

In February 2014, a charge on sugar-sweetened beverages was approved in Berkley, CA, making it the first city in the United States to create such a regulation. By taxing sugary drinks, the city hopes to encourage a lot more people to decide on healthier options, such as water. First, the city conducted research to examine whether residents had easy access to functioning drinking water fountains. Using information gathered by a mobile GPS app, experts were able to determine the condition of active water fountains in Berkley. Specialists then used US Census data to find out even more about the economic and racial factors that affected the city. Comparisons were made amongst the location and demographic data, uncovering whether class differences affected availability to clean, functional water fountains. Each water fountain and the demographics of its bordering area were examined to reveal whether the location of the fountains or their level of maintenance demonstrated any connection to income, race, or other points. The fact that the fountains were working was not a guarantee that they were well-maintained, as quite a few were in need of maintenance and repair.

Agrippa's Amazing, but Mostly Forgotten Water-Lifting Technology

In 1588, Agrippa’s water-lifting creation attracted the attention and compliments of Andrea Bacci but that turned out to be one of the very last mentions of the gadget. Just years afterward, in 1592, the early modern Roman conduit, the Acqua Felice, was connected to the Medici’s villa, possibly making the technology outdated. Although its success was short lived, Camillo Agrippa’s layout for lifting water was the wonder of its day, transcending everything crafted in Italy since the days of classic Rome. There might have been other spectacular water-related works in Renaissance landscapes in the later part of the sixteenth century, like fountains that played tunes, water caprices (or giochi d’acqua) and also scenographic water presentations, but nothing were motorized by water which defied gravity.

The Countless Styles of Exterior Fountains

Is it possible for you to convert your yard into a paradise of serenity? You can benefit from a water feature by integrating an outdoor fountain to your backyard and creating a place of serenity.

The flood of water sent shooting into the air by a spouting fountain is an spectacular sight to see.

If your pond is sufficiently big, it can be incorporated without trouble. These kinds of fountains are often found in parks or historical stately homes.

Choose a stylish wall fountain to put outside. If you are eager to include a water feature, but are doubtful because you have a small yard, do not hesitate to incorporate one of these. Wall fountains make an understated impression, contrary to the big impact created by spouting fountains. In a very straightforward procedure, the water flows out of a spout, trickles down a magnificently textured wall only to be pumped back to the top.

Themed fountains are best when the design of your garden allows for them. Consider a classic type of statue, such as a cherub supporting a spout, for the fountain if your home or garden is rustic in style. On the other hand, a more modern yard can include more of a bold design. Deciding what to do is completely in your hands.

Tiered fountains are alluring because the water runs down multiple levels. Water flowing down multiple levels of this water feature is the main attribute of a cascading fountain.

Due to the fact that outdoor fountains can take up a lot of room, fit in a wall fountain or a pondless fountain if the space you have is limited. Install one of these fountains if your space is limited since their reservoirs are hidden from sight underground.

Japanese fountains are believed to lend a sense of tranquility and well-being. Bamboo sticks are used in this kind of fountain to expel the water. A rustic bucket or shaped stone is placed at the bottom of this feature to collect the flowing water only to have the cycle repeated over and over again.

An additional style of fountain is made of glass. Producing a more classical look are trellis-style fountains which feature shaped metalwork. Water features such as these are ideal for gardens with many sharp corners as well as modern-day forms and designs. A wondrous effect is created when water flows down the sheets of glass. In some cases, the water is colored by LED lights as it flows down the glass sheets. A rock waterfall fountain (often made of imitation rock) showcases water slowly cascading down its façade.

Bubbling rock fountains are large rocks drilled with holes which are then filled with tubes in the middle. The bubbling and gurgling at the uppermost part of this type of fountain are caused by the water being pushed upward at low pressure. The water comes back gently trickling down the sides of the rock to reach its starting point. Little gardens are ideal for this type of fountain. To ensure that water is not sprayed around if it starts to get windy, this kind of fountain is the best choice since it only uses low pressure to move water.

Powered by sunlight, solar fountains are growing to be increasingly trendy. The lack of cables, the decreased difficulty in dealing with them, the lower energy bills, and the benefits to our ecosystem are just some of the reasons for this increased interest. Outdoor solar-powered fountains are available in a multitude of different styles, therefore, you will not have to compromise on which one to purchase.

Gian Bernini's Fountains

There are lots of famed Roman water features in its city center. One of the best ever sculptors and artists of the 17th century, nearly all of them were designed, conceived and constructed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. His expertise as a water feature designer and also as a city architect, are evident throughout the streets of Rome. Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they ultimately moved to Rome, in order to fully express their art, primarily in the form of public water fountains and water features. The young Bernini received compliments from Popes and relevant artists alike, and was an diligent employee. At first he was celebrated for his sculpting skills. An expert in ancient Greek architecture, he used this knowledge as a starting point and melded it flawlessly with Roman marble, most famously in the Vatican. Though many artists had an impact on his work, Michelangelo had the most profound effect.