The Hellenic Republic: Cultural Sculpture

Even though most sculptors were remunerated by the temples to adorn the elaborate columns and archways with renderings of the gods of old, as the period came to a close, it became more prevalent for sculptors to portray average people as well because many of Greeks had begun to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred. f-256__63750.jpg Wealthy individuals would occasionally commission a rendering of their forefathers for their big family burial tombs; portraiture also became frequent and would be appropriated by the Romans upon their acquisition of Greek society. A point of artistic development, the use of sculpture and alternate art forms transformed through the Greek Classical period, so it is not entirely accurate to suggest that the arts provided only one function. Greek sculpture is possibly appealing to us all today because it was an avant-garde experiment in the ancient world, so it does not make a difference whether its original function was religious zeal or artistic pleasure.

California's Outdoor Garden Fountain Study and Results

The very first American city to implement a tax on high calorie drinks was Berkley, California in February 2014. The purpose is to have everyone drinking more water and other natural beverages by increasing the price tag of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. The aim of the research was to evaluate the state of community drinking water fountains and figure out if there is a distinction in access to fresh, operating drinking fountains based on racial or economic components. Information on the city’s drinking water fountains were pulled together using a GPS created specifically for the research. This information was cross-referenced with demographic data on race and income obtained from the US Census Community Study database. By cross-referencing the water fountain locations with the demographic information, they were able to establish whether access to functioning fountains was class dependent. The research was able to identify the demographics of areas with water fountains, also noting whether the condition of the fountains was greater or inferior in lower class neighborhoods. Some of the water fountains were filthy or plugged, regardless of the fact that most fountains worked.

The Father Of Rome's Garden Fountain Design And Style

There are many renowned fountains in the city center of Rome. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the greatest sculptors and artists of the 17th century developed, conceptualized and constructed virtually all of them. He was additionally a urban designer, in addition to his abilities as a water fountain developer, and traces of his life's work are apparent all through the streets of Rome. A famous Florentine sculptor, Bernini's father mentored his young son, and they eventually went to Rome to fully express their artwork, primarily in the form of community water features and water fountains. The young Bernini was an exemplary worker and won compliments and patronage of significant artists as well as popes. His sculpture was originally his claim to popularity. He used his ability and melded it seamlessly with Roman marble, most significantly in the Vatican.

Although many artists impacted his artistic endeavors, Michelangelo inspired him the most.

The Minoan Culture: Fountains

Fountains and Water and the Minoan Civilization These were used to supply towns and cities with water as well as to minimize flooding and eliminate waste material. They were for the most part made from clay or stone. Whenever made from terracotta, they were commonly in the form of canals and round or rectangular piping. The cone-like and U-shaped clay pipelines which were found haven’t been detected in any other society. Knossos Palace had a state-of-the-art plumbing network made of clay conduits which ran up to three meters below ground. The pipelines also had other applications such as gathering water and channeling it to a main place for storing. These terracotta piping were essential to perform: Underground Water Transportation: This undetectable method for water circulation may have been employed to provide water to select people or activities. Quality Water Transportation: There’s also information which indicates the piping being employed to provide for water features separately from the domestic system.

Garden Fountains Found in Historical Documents

Water fountains were at first practical in function, used to bring water from rivers or creeks to towns and hamlets, providing the inhabitants with fresh water to drink, bathe, and cook with. To make water flow through a fountain until the late 1800’s, and generate a jet of water, mandated gravity and a water source such as a spring or reservoir, located higher than the fountain. The elegance and spectacle of fountains make them appropriate for historical memorials. The common fountains of today bear little similarity to the very first water fountains. A natural stone basin, crafted from rock, was the very first fountain, used for containing water for drinking and religious purposes. Stone basins are believed to have been first used around 2,000 BC. The force of gravity was the power source that operated the oldest water fountains. Located near aqueducts or creeks, the functional public water fountains supplied the local citizens with fresh drinking water.

The people of Rome began creating elaborate fountains in 6 BC, most of which were bronze or stone masks of wildlife and mythological characters. The Romans had an elaborate system of aqueducts that supplied the water for the numerous fountains that were placed throughout the urban center.


"Old School" Fountain Manufacturers
Multi-talented people, fountain artists from the 16th to the late 18th century often served as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in... read more
Water Delivery Strategies in Historic Rome
With the construction of the very first raised aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s hillsides no longer had to rely entirely on naturally-occurring spring water for their requirements. Outside of these aqueducts and... read more
Do Animals Enjoy Outdoor Fountains?
If you are thinking about getting a water feature, make sure your pets like it. Your freestanding fountain may be seen as a big pool or a drinking pond by your dog. ... read more