Hydro-Statics & Public Fountains: The Fundamentals

From its housing vessel to other components it comes in contact with, liquid in equilibrium applies force on everything it meets. ft_194_topview__58319.jpg These fall into 2 groups, hydrostatic load or outside force. When used against a level surface, the liquid exercises equal force against all points of that surface. All points on an object’s exterior are affected by vertical pressure when the object is thoroughly submerged in a liquid that’s in a state of equilibrium. This applied force is known as buoyancy, while the principle itself is known as Archimedes’ principle. When hydrostatic force is applied on an area of liquid, this becomes hydrostatic pressure. A city’s water supply system, fountains, and artesian wells are all good examples of the application of these concepts on containers.

Architectural Statues in Ancient Greece

Sculptors garnished the elaborate columns and archways with renderings of the gods until the period came to a close and more Greeks had begun to think of their theology as superstitious rather than sacred; at that time, it became more common for sculptors be compensated to show ordinary individuals as well. Portraiture became widespread as well, and would be accepted by the Romans when they conquered the Greeks, and on occasion well-off families would commission a depiction of their progenitors to be put inside their huge familial burial tombs. The use of sculpture and other art forms varied over the years of The Greek Classical period, a time of creative progress when the arts had more than one goal. Greek sculpture was a cutting-edge part of antiquity, whether the explanation was religious fervor or aesthetic satisfaction, and its modern excellence might be what endears it to us today.

Archaic Greek Artwork: Garden Statuary

Archaic Greeks were renowned for creating the first freestanding statuary; up until then, most carvings were formed out of walls and pillars as reliefs. Younger, ideal male or female (kore) Greeks were the subject matter of most of the statues, or kouros figures. Representing beauty to the Greeks, the kouroi were created to look stiff and typically had foot in front; the males were healthy, strong, and naked. In about 650 BC, the variations of the kouroi became life-sized. The Archaic period was tumultuous for the Greeks as they progressed into more polished forms of government and art, and obtained more information and facts about the peoples and societies outside of Greece. During this time and other times of historical tumult, encounters often occurred, most notably battles fought amongst city-states such as the Arcadian wars and the Spartan invasion of Samos.

Outdoor Fountains Come in Lots of Forms and Sizes

Turn your garden into what you have always desired – a haven of peace. Add a sense of peace to your garden with an outdoor fountain and profit from all the positive effects of a water feature.

The magnificence of a spouting fountain can be observed when it propels a stream of shooting water into the air. Large, existing ponds can have one of these incorporated without much hassle. You can find these in public parks or old mansions.

Choose a fashionable wall fountain to put outdoors. If you are keen on include a water feature, but are doubtful because you have a small yard, do not hesitate to install one of these. Wall fountains leave a subtle impression, contrary to the big effect created by spouting fountains. In this straightforward process, water is ejected from a little spout, flows down a beautifully textured wall, before being collected at the bottom and returned to the top once again.

Themed fountains are best when the design of your garden allows for them. If your bungalow or garden is styled in a rustic manner, you should consider adding a classic type of statue, such as a seraph holding the spout, to your fountain. Modern gardens, on the other hand, benefit from something more audacious. Just permit your creativity to run loose.

The primary attribute of a multi-tiered fountain is that water flows from a number of different levels. Due to the water streaming down its various levels, these are also called cascading fountains.

The space necessary for an outdoor fountain can be extensive, therefore, a better solution is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. Since the reservoirs necessary for these kinds of fountains are hidden below the ground, you can make the most of the room at your disposal.

Serenity and well-being are a few of the main sensations imparted by Japanese fountains. Bamboo sticks are used in this type of fountain to expel the water. Water then streams into a container or a shaped stone, only to repeat the cycle over and over again.

An additional style of fountain is made of glass. Featuring shaped metalwork, trellis-style fountains of this kind have a more traditional aspect. Water features of this kind are an excellent alternative for gardens with many sharp edges as well as contemporary forms and design. The water produces a dazzling effect when it streams down the surface of the glass. Colored LED lights are also included in some fountains to illuminate the water as it moves down the sheet of glass. Often made of imitation rock, stone waterfall fountains have water gently trickling down its surface.

The characteristic which differentiates a bubbling rock fountain is a large rock drilled with holes where pipes can be inserted into its middle. In this type of fountain, water is pushed upwards at low pressure to cause it to bubble and gurgle at the top. The water returns gently dripping down the sides of the rock to reach its starting point.

This is yet another option for gardens with restricted space. Water is moved at low pressure in this type of fountain, so you can be assured knowing that it will not spray all over should the wind pick up.

The trend of installing solar powered fountains is becoming progressively widespread. The reasons for this are diverse, from the lack of wires and the reduced complexities to the lower power bills and the beneficial effects on our environment. There is no need to settle on a specific model of outdoor solar-powered fountain because of the wide range of designs found on the market.

Rome’s Ingenious Water Delivery Systems

With the development of the very first raised aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s hillsides no longer had to depend entirely on naturally-occurring spring water for their demands. When aqueducts or springs weren’t available, people living at raised elevations turned to water taken from underground or rainwater, which was made possible by wells and cisterns. Beginning in the sixteenth century, a newer program was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean segments to supply water to Pincian Hill. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. While these manholes were developed to make it much easier to preserve the aqueduct, it was also feasible to use buckets to extract water from the channel, which was carried out by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he acquired the property in 1543 to his death in 1552. Though the cardinal also had a cistern to get rainwater, it couldn't produce sufficient water. To give himself with a more practical way to assemble water, he had one of the manholes opened up, providing him access to the aqueduct below his residence.


Builders of the First Water Fountains
Fountain designers were multi-talented people from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, often serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and... read more
Features Hydro-Statics 101
All liquids in a state of equilibrium exert force on the materials it comes in contact with. The force applied falls into one of two categories: external force or hydrostatic energy. The pressure... read more
The Very First Public Water Features of the Historical Past
As originally developed, fountains were designed to be functional, guiding water from creeks or aqueducts to the residents of cities and villages, where the water could be... read more
Do Pets Like Water Fountains?
If you are considering installing a water feature, ensure that your pets like it. Your pet dog could think that your freestanding fountain looks like a large pond to drink from or a pool in which to swim. Your pets will not be negatively ... read more