The Original Public Water Fountains of the Historical Past

Water fountains were originally practical in function, used to convey water from rivers or creeks to cities and villages, providing the residents with fresh water to drink, wash, and prepare food with. Gravity was the power supply of water fountains up until the conclusion of the 19th century, using the forceful power of water traveling downhill from a spring or creek to force the water through spigots or other outlets. The elegance and wonder of fountains make them appropriate for historical monuments. The common fountains of modern times bear little likeness to the very first water fountains. cs_158_designer_white_1__49884.jpg A stone basin, crafted from rock, was the very first fountain, used for containing water for drinking and ceremonial functions. 2000 BC is when the earliest known stone fountain basins were originally used. The force of gravity was the energy source that controlled the oldest water fountains. The location of the fountains was determined by the water source, which is why you’ll usually find them along aqueducts, canals, or streams. Fountains with embellished Gods, mythological beasts, and creatures began to appear in Rome in about 6 B.C., made from rock and bronze. A well-engineered system of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public fountains supplied with fresh water.

Animals and Fountains

House pets may be dubious of a new water feature so make sure to take them into account before purchasing one. Pets such as dogs may confuse your freestanding fountain with a large pool to cool down in or a pond from which to drink. Think about fitting a water element in your backyard since it is a feature that will affect your treasured pets positively. Think about the best spot to put your fountain if you do not want birds to use it as a bathing pond. Add a birdbath if your goal is to draw birds to your property. Wall water fountains are excellent for indoor use as well if you want to sidestep these problems. These types of fountains are perfect for dental and medical offices, not to mention grand estates.

Water Features: The Minoan Culture

On the Greek island of Crete, digs have discovered channels of numerous kinds. These furnished water and eliminated it, including water from waste and storms.

They were for the most part created from clay or stone. When made from clay, they were commonly in the format of canals and circular or rectangle-shaped conduits. There are a couple of illustrations of Minoan terracotta piping, those with a shortened cone form and a U-shape which haven’t been seen in any culture since that time. Terracotta pipes were employed to circulate water at Knossos Palace, running up to three meters below the flooring. Along with circulating water, the clay pipes of the Minoans were also utilized to collect water and accumulate it. To make this achievable, the pipes had to be created to handle: Underground Water Transportation: This undetectable method for water distribution may have been employed to provide water to certain individuals or functions. Quality Water Transportation: Some scholars feel that these water lines were chosen to generate a separate distribution system for the palace.

Outdoor Fountains And Public Policy

The first example of a soda tax in the USA came in February 2014, when it was passed by the city of Berkley, California. The taxation is intended to lower sugary drink consumption and enhance the consumption of healthier beverages, including water from fountains. The aim of the research was to evaluate the state of community drinking water fountains and figure out if there is a distinction in access to fresh, operating drinking fountains based on racial or economic components. The research utilized a GPS app to gather data on current water fountains in the city. This information was cross-referenced with demographic information on race and income acquired from the US Census Community Study database. Evaluations were made amongst the location and demographic data, exposing whether class differences affected access to clean, functional water fountains. The analysis was able to identify the demographics of areas with water fountains, also observing whether the shape of the fountains was greater or worse in lower class neighborhoods. The fact that the fountains were functioning was not a guarantee that they were well-maintained, considering quite a few were in need of cleaning and repair.

The Original Water Fountain Manufacturers

Water feature designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, often serving as architects, sculptors, artisans, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one. Throughout the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci exemplified the artist as a inspired wizard, inventor and scientific specialist. With his tremendous fascination about the forces of nature, he explored the properties and motion of water and also carefully annotated his findings in his now celebrated notebooks. Early Italian fountain builders transformed private villa settings into innovative water exhibits full of symbolic meaning and natural elegance by coupling imagination with hydraulic and horticultural experience. The brilliance in Tivoli were developed by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was celebrated for his skill in archeology, engineering and garden design. For the various properties close to Florence, other fountain developers were well versed in humanist themes and classical scientific texts, masterminding the extraordinary water marbles, water features and water jokes.

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