Outdoor Water Fountains And Public Health

In February 2014, a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages was approved in Berkley, CA, making it the first city in the United States to introduce such a law. ft-161__77812.jpg The objective is to have individuals drinking more water and other natural drinks by elevating the price tag of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. First, the city conducted an analysis to examine whether people had easy access to working drinking water fountains. Using data collected by a mobile GPS app, professionals were able to ascertain the condition of active water fountains in Berkley. This information was cross-referenced with demographic data on race and income obtained from the US Census Community Study database. The researchers looked to use both data sets to figure out if demographics were associated to drinking water fountain access. The surrounding demographics of every single water fountain location was made note of, while also determining whether race or income levels made a huge difference in the state of repair of each individual fountain. Most of the water fountains were dirty or plugged, despite the fact that most fountains worked.

Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Water Features

In Rome’s city center, there are countless famous fountains. One of the best ever sculptors and artists of the 17th century, virtually all of them were designed, conceptualized and constructed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. His expertise as a water feature creator and also as a city designer, are visible throughout the streets of Rome. A renowned Florentine sculptor, Bernini's father mentored his young son, and they ultimately went to Rome to thoroughly express their artwork, primarily in the form of public water features and water fountains. The young Bernini was an exceptional worker and earned compliments and patronage of important artists as well as popes. He was originally recognized for his sculpture. He made use of his knowledge and melded it gracefully with Roman marble, most notably in the Vatican. Though many artists impacted his artistic endeavors, Michelangelo affected him the most.

Early Crete & The Minoans: Fountains

Fountains and Water and the Minoan Civilization They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and wastewater. The main ingredients utilized were rock or clay. There were clay conduits, both round and rectangle-shaped as well as pathways made from the same components. These incorporated cone-like and U-shaped clay piping that were distinctive to the Minoans. Terracotta conduits were used to circulate water at Knossos Palace, running up to three meters directly below the flooring. The piping also had other functions such as collecting water and channeling it to a primary place for storage. To make this conceivable, the piping had to be designed to handle: Underground Water Transportation: the undetectable system for water movement may have been made use of to furnish water to specified people or occasions. Quality Water Transportation: Some scholars think that these conduits were chosen to generate a separate distribution technique for the castle.

The Hellenic Republic: Cultural Sculpture

Most sculptors were remunerated by the temples to adorn the intricate pillars and archways with renderings of the gods right up until the period came to a close and countless Greeks began to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred, when it became more typical for sculptors to represent ordinary men and women as well. Portraiture became prevalent as well, and would be welcomed by the Romans when they conquered the Greeks, and sometimes wealthy households would commission a depiction of their progenitors to be placed inside their huge familial tombs.

It is amiss to say that the arts had one function during The Classical Greek period, a time of artistic accomplishment during which the usage of sculpture and other art forms evolved. Greek sculpture was actually a cutting-edge part of antiquity, whether the explanation was faith based fervor or aesthetic satisfaction, and its modern quality might be what endears it to us now.

The Water Features

The water from rivers and other sources was originally delivered to the occupants of nearby towns and municipalities by way of water fountains, whose purpose was mainly practical, not aesthetic. Gravity was the power source of water fountains up until the end of the nineteenth century, using the potent power of water traveling down hill from a spring or brook to force the water through valves or other outlets. Frequently used as memorials and commemorative structures, water fountains have inspired travelers from all over the globe throughout the centuries. The common fountains of modern times bear little similarity to the first water fountains. Simple stone basins crafted from nearby material were the very first fountains, used for spiritual functions and drinking water. Stone basins as fountains have been found from 2000 BC. Early fountains put to use in ancient civilizations depended on gravity to manipulate the flow of water through the fountain. These historic fountains were built to be functional, commonly situated along reservoirs, creeks and waterways to furnish drinking water. Fountains with embellished Gods, mythological monsters, and animals began to appear in Rome in about 6 B.C., crafted from natural stone and bronze. The remarkable aqueducts of Rome supplied water to the eye-catching public fountains, most of which you can go see today.


The Circulation of Water Fountain Engineering Knowledge in Europe
Throughout the European countries, the primary means of dissiminating useful hydraulic understanding and fountain design ideas were the circulated papers and illustrated publications of the time, which added to the development of scientific development. An un-named... read more
Inventors of the First Fountains
Water feature designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the late 18th century, often serving as architects, sculptors, artisans, engineers and highly educated scholars all in... read more
Bernini's Fountains
There are many renowned fountains in Rome’s city center. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the most brilliant sculptors and artists of the 17th century planned, conceived and built virtually all of them. ... read more