The Minoan Civilization: Fountains

During archaeological excavations on the island of Crete, various types of conduits have been discovered. These delivered water and extracted it, including water from waste and deluges. Stone and terracotta were the materials of choice for these conduits. Whenever clay was made use of, it was usually for waterways as well as conduits which came in rectangular or spherical forms. ft_266__33358.jpg The cone-like and U-shaped terracotta pipes which were discovered haven’t been spotted in any other culture. The water supply at Knossos Palace was managed with a system of clay piping which was located below the floor, at depths going from a few centimeters to several meters. Along with disbursing water, the terracotta conduits of the Minoans were also utilized to amass water and store it. This required the clay piping to be capable of holding water without seepage. Below ground Water Transportation: Initially this technique would seem to have been created not quite for convenience but rather to provide water to certain individuals or rites without it being noticed. Quality Water Transportation: Many historians believe that these water lines were chosen to develop a different distribution technique for the palace.

The Vast Array of Outdoor Water Features

Make your dream a reality by creating an oasis of tranquility in your garden. Add a sense of tranquility to your garden with an exterior fountain and avail yourself of all the positive benefits of a water feature.

The stream of water sent shooting into the air by a spouting fountain is an spectacular sight to see. Large, existing ponds can effortlessly be fitted with one of these. These types of fountains are often seen in parks or historical manor homes.

Pick a fashionable wall fountain to put outdoors. These types of fountains make excellent water features even if you only have a small garden. Spouting fountains normally make quite an impact whereas wall features are more of an understated type of water feature. In this straightforward process, water is ejected from a little spout, goes down a wonderfully textured wall, before being recovered at the bottom and returned to the top once again.

Dependent on the design you have chosen for the garden, you could think about a themed fountain. In a rustic themed cottage or garden, a traditional styled statue for your fountain could include cherubs holding the spout. Something special and bold could be an alternative for more modern gardens. Feel free to let your hair down and choose something fun and intrepid.

The main characteristic of tiered fountains is the numerous levels spewing out water. Water runs down numerous tiers in a cascading fountain.

The space needed for an outdoor fountain can be considerable, therefore, a better alternative is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. These types of fountains are suitable for an area with limited space because their reservoirs are concealed underground.

If you seek a feeling of peacefulness and calmness, install a Japanese fountain as these are believed to bring about such sensations. Bamboo sticks are used in this type of fountain to expel the water. A rustic bucket or shaped stone is positioned at the bottom of this feature to collect the flowing water only to have the cycle repeated over and over again.

One of the many styles of fountain available is the glass fountain. Trellis-style fountains of this sort, feature shaped metalwork which provides a more conventional look. Water features such as these are ideal for gardens with many sharp corners as well as modern-day forms and designs. As the water flows over the surface of the glass it produces a dazzling effect. LED lights are also utilized in some fountains to flash color across the water as it flows downward on the glass sheet. The jagged surface of rock waterfall fountain makes for an appealing façade as the water gently flows downwards.

Bubbling rock fountains are large rocks drilled with holes which are then filled with tubes in the center. In this kind of fountain, water is forced upwards at low pressure to cause it to bubble and gurgle at the top. Flowing towards the bottom of the fountain, the water returns as a slow dribble down the sides of the rock. Little gardens are ideal for this kind of fountain. The low pressure used in this sort of fountain hinders water from being splashed about in case of a windy day.

The trend of setting up solar powered fountains is becoming progressively prevalent. The lack of cables, the decreased hassle in dealing with them, the lower energy bills, and the benefits to our ecosystem are just some of the motives for this increased interest. Outdoor solar-powered fountains are available in countless different styles, therefore, you will not have to compromise on which one to purchase.

The Function of Hydrostatics In The Design Of Outside Garden Fountains

All liquids in a state of equilibrium exert energy on the materials it comes in contact with. These fall into two categories, hydrostatic load or outside force. When used against a level surface, the liquid exerts equal force against all points of that surface. Liquid in equilibrium will implement vertical pressure at every point of an object’s exterior when that object is fully submerged in the liquid. This applied force is known as buoyancy, while the notion itself is known as Archimedes’ principle. Liquid acted on by hydrostatic force is then subject to hydrostatic pressure at the point of contact. Examples of these containers can be realized in the way a city circulates water, along with its fountains and artesian wells.

The First Public Fountains

As originally developed, fountains were designed to be practical, directing water from creeks or reservoirs to the inhabitants of cities and settlements, where the water could be utilized for cooking food, washing, and drinking. In the years before electrical power, the spray of fountains was powered by gravity exclusively, commonly using an aqueduct or water source located far away in the nearby mountains. The splendor and wonder of fountains make them perfect for traditional memorials.

Crude in style, the very first water fountains didn't look much like present fountains. The first recognized water fountain was a stone basin created that was used as a receptacle for drinking water and ceremonial purposes. The earliest stone basins are suspected to be from around 2000 B.C.. Early fountains put to use in ancient civilizations depended on gravity to control the movement of water through the fountain. Drinking water was delivered by public fountains, long before fountains became elaborate public statues, as striking as they are practical. Fountains with embellished Gods, mythological monsters, and creatures began to show up in Rome in about 6 B.C., crafted from rock and bronze. The remarkable aqueducts of Rome delivered water to the spectacular public fountains, most of which you can travel to today.

Agrippa’s Magnificent Water-lifting Machine

Though the machine designed by Agrippa for carrying water attained the admiration of Andrea Bacci in 1588, it seemed to fade away not long thereafter. It may be that in 1592 when Rome’s latest waterway, the Acqua Felice, started providing the Villa Medici, there was no longer much usage for the unit. Although it is more likely that it was essentially tossed when Ferdinando relinquished his cardinalship and returned back to Florence, protecting his place as the Grand Duke of Tuscany, after the death of his brother, Francesco di Medici, in 1588. It could violate gravity to raise water to Renaissance landscapes, providing them in a way other late sixteenth century designs such as scenographic water displays, music fountains and giochi d’acqua or water caprices, were not.


The Circulation of Garden Water Fountains Industrial Knowledge in Europe
Dissiminating practical hydraulic information and water fountain design ideas throughout Europe was accomplished with the published documents and illustrated publications of the time. An unnamed French water... read more
The Function of Hydrostatics In The Design Of Wall Fountains
When in equilibrium, liquid applies energy to its container or any other material it comes in contact with. There exist two types of force, hydrostatic energies and external forces. When pushing... read more
Choose from all Types of Outdoor Water Features
Solar fountains have recently gained in popularity because they are powered by sunlight. The advantages of using this type of solar powered fountain is the lack of cables, lowered difficulty in installing them, the decrease in electric bills, and the ... read more