An Intro to Hydrostatics

All liquids in a state of equilibrium exert pressure on the materials it comes in contact with. There are two kinds of force, hydrostatic energies and external forces. brk_344_5_1__55682.jpg When pressing against a level wall, the fluid applies equal force at different points on the wall. All points on an object’s surface are affected by vertical pressure when the object is thoroughly submerged in a liquid that’s in a state of equilibrium. We refer to this concept as Archimedes’ principle, which deals with the forces of buoyancy. Generally, hydrostatic pressure on a point of liquid is a product of the hydrostatic force exerted on it. A city’s water supply system, fountains, and artesian wells are all samples of the application of these principles on containers.

The Circulation of Water Fountain Engineering Knowledge in Europe

Dissiminating pragmatic hydraulic facts and fountain design ideas throughout Europe was accomplished with the printed papers and illustrated publications of the time. An internationally celebrated leader in hydraulics in the late 1500's was a French fountain designer, whose name has been lost to history. By developing landscapes and grottoes with incorporated and amazing water attributes, he began his career in Italy by getting Royal mandates in Brussels, London and Germany. In France, near the closure of his life, he published “The Principle of Moving Forces”, a publication that turned into the fundamental text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Detailing modern hydraulic systems, the book also modernized key hydraulic breakthroughs of classical antiquity. Archimedes, the inventor of the water screw, had his work featured and these included a mechanical means to move water. Two concealed containers heated up by the sun's rays in a room next to the creative water fountain were presented in an illustration. What occurs is the hot water expanded, goes up and closes up the piping heading to the water fountain, and thus leading to activation. Pumps, water wheels, water attributes and garden pond styles are documented in the book.

"Old School" Water Feature Designers

Multi-talented individuals, fountain designers from the 16th to the late 18th century frequently worked as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one.

Throughout the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci exemplified the artist as a imaginative master, creator and scientific expert. With his tremendous fascination regarding the forces of nature, he investigated the characteristics and mobility of water and also carefully recorded his observations in his now much celebrated notebooks. Early Italian fountain builders transformed private villa configurations into ingenious water displays complete of symbolic meaning and natural charm by combining creativity with hydraulic and horticultural experience. The splendors in Tivoli were developed by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was widely known for his skill in archeology, architecture and garden design. Well versed in humanistic subject areas and established technical texts, other fountain creators were masterminding the fascinating water marbles, water attributes and water jokes for the various mansions around Florence.

The Many Designs of Wall Fountains

You can design a place to relax as well as add a touch of style to your porch or yard with a wall fountain since they are excellent adornments to fit into small area. When looking at the many types of outdoor wall fountains available including traditional, vintage, modern, or Asian, you are certain to find one most suitable to your design ideas. Your preferences determine the type you buy so while there may not be a prefabricated fountain to satisfy you, you do have the option of having a custom made one.

Depending on your requirements, you can pick from mounted or freestanding types. Small, self-contained versions can be placed on a wall are called mounted wall fountains. Fountains of this type need to be lightweight, therefore, they are usually fabricated from resin (resembling stone) or fiberglass. In large stand-alone fountains, otherwise known as wall fountains, the basin is located on the ground with the smooth side positioned against a wall. Generally constructed of cast stone, this style of water feature is not restricted in weight.

Landscape designers often propose a custom-built fountain for a brand new or existing wall. Employing an expert mason is your best option to build the basin and install the necessary plumbing. A fountain mask or a spout also needs to be integrated into the wall.

Custom-built wall fountains add to a unified look because they become part of the landscape rather than look like a later addition.

"Primitive" Greek Artwork: Outdoor Statuary

The Archaic Greeks developed the first freestanding statuary, an awesome achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Kouros figures, sculptures of adolescent, handsome male or female (kore) Greeks, made up the majority of the sculptures. Regarded as by Greeks to embody beauty, the kouroi were created into stiff, forward facing positions with one foot outstretched, and the male statues were always nude, brawny, and fit. Around 650 BC, life-sized variations of the kouroi began to be observed. A massive era of modification for the Greeks, the Archaic period introduced about newer forms of state, expressions of artwork, and a greater appreciation of people and cultures outside of Greece. Throughout this time and other durations of historical tumult, encounters often occurred, among them battles fought amongst city-states such as the Arcadian wars and the Spartan infiltration of Samos.


Original Water Supply Techniques in The City Of Rome
With the development of the first elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, folks who lived on the city’s hills no longer had to rely exclusively on naturally-occurring spring water for their needs. During this... read more
Rome’s Early Water Delivery Systems
Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct assembled in Rome, started supplying the people living in the hills with water in 273 BC, though they had depended on natural springs up till then. ... read more
Contemporary Sculpture in Early Greece
Even though the majority of sculptors were remunerated by the temples to decorate the sophisticated columns and archways with renderings of the gods of old, as the time period came to a close, it became more... read more
The Positive Benefits of Adding a Fountain in Your Living Space
Putting in a wall fountain is your best solution for a little garden because a spouting or cascading fountain occupies too much space. Two possibilities to pick... read more
Choose from all Types of External Water Features
Powered by sunlight, solar fountains are growing to be increasingly trendy. The advantages of using this type of solar powered fountain is the lack of cables, lowered... read more