The Role of Hydrostatics In The Design Of Fountains

Liquid in a state of equilibrium applies force on the objects it meets, including its container. b-026__96292.jpg There are two forms, hydrostatic load or external forces. When applied against a level surface, the liquid exerts equal force against all points of that surface. All points on an object’s surface are affected by vertical pressure when the object is completely submerged in a liquid that’s in a state of equilibrium. This is also identified as buoyancy or the Archimedes’ principle. Hydrostatic pressure is created by hydrostatic force, when the force exerts itself on a point of liquid. The containers that make up a city’s fountains, wells, and its water supply system are applications of these techniques.

Pick from Any Number of Outdoor Wall Fountain Designs

Wall fountains are well suited to small verandas or yards because they do not take up too much space while also adding a touch of style and providing a great place to find peace and quiet. Whatever style of outdoor wall fountain you are looking for whether it be traditional, contemporary, classic, or Asian you will certainly find the one you like most. If you are looking for a distinctive design, a customized one can be specially made to fit your specifications.

The two types of fountains available to you are mounted and freestanding models. You can install a mounted wall fountain because they are little and self-contained. Wall fountains made of resin ( similar to stone) or fiberglass are usually light so they can be easily hung. In large stand-alone fountains, otherwise referred to as wall fountains, the basin is situated on the ground with the smooth side positioned against a wall.

Typically made of cast stone, these water features have no weight constraints.

Many experienced landscapers prefer custom-built fountains which can be incorporated into a brand-new wall or an existing one. A professional mason is necessary to install the water basin against the wall and correctly install all the plumbing inside or behind the wall. A fountain mask or a spout also needs to be integrated into the wall. The unified look provided by customized wall fountains make them appear to be part of the landscape instead of an afterthought.

Gian Bernini's Water Features

In Rome’s city center, there are countless famous public fountains. Pretty much all of them were planned, conceived and constructed by one of the finest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Also a city architect, he had abilities as a water feature designer, and records of his life's work are noticeable throughout the roads of Rome. Eventually transferring to Rome to fully reveal their artwork, chiefly in the form of community water features, Bernini’s father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, guided his young son. The juvenile Bernini was an exemplary worker and received encouragement and backing of significant artists as well as popes. At first he was well known for his sculpting skills. Working seamlessly with Roman marble, he made use of a base of knowledge in the historical Greek architecture, most famously in the Vatican. He was influenced by many a great artists, however, Michelangelo had the biggest impact on his work.

A Short History of Water Features

Water fountains were initially practical in purpose, used to bring water from rivers or springs to towns and hamlets, supplying the residents with fresh water to drink, wash, and prepare food with. A supply of water higher in elevation than the fountain was required to pressurize the flow and send water squirting from the fountain's spout, a system without equal until the later part of the nineteenth century. Fountains all through history have been created as monuments, impressing hometown citizens and tourists alike. When you see a fountain at present, that is definitely not what the first water fountains looked like. The very first recognized water fountain was a rock basin created that was used as a container for drinking water and ceremonial functions. 2,000 BC is when the oldest identified stone fountain basins were originally used. The earliest civilizations that made use of fountains depended on gravity to force water through spigots. These historic fountains were built to be functional, commonly situated along aqueducts, streams and rivers to furnish drinking water.

The people of Rome began creating elaborate fountains in 6 B.C., most of which were metallic or natural stone masks of creatures and mythological representations. The City of Rome had an elaborate system of aqueducts that supplied the water for the countless fountains that were placed throughout the urban center.

Outdoor Fountains And Public Health

In February 2014, a charge on sugar-sweetened beverages was enacted in Berkley, CA, making it the first city in the United States to bring in such a law. By taxing sugary drinks, the city hopes to motivate more people to choose healthier options, such as water. Attempts were made to find out the condition of neighborhood drinking water fountains in both high- and low-income neighborhoods. The study utilized a GPS app to gather data on present water fountains in the city. Demographic data on race and income was then gathered using the US Census database. The 2 data sets were reviewed to identify what class distinctions, if any, there were in access to operating water fountains. Each water fountain and the demographics of its surrounding area were examined to reveal whether the location of the fountains or their level of maintenance exhibited any correlation to income, race, or other points. While the bulk of the fountains were in working order, an appalling quantity were discovered to be in a poor state of repairs.


The Function of Hydrostatics In The Design Of Fountains
All liquids in a state of equilibrium exert power on the materials it comes in contact with. The force used falls into one of two categories: external force or hydrostatic energy. The pressure level applied by the liquid against a level wall is equal... read more
Exterior Wall Fountains: The Many Designs on the Market
It is a good idea to integrate a customized fountain into a new or existing wall, something often suggested by landscape professionals. Installing the basin against the wall and installing all the plumbing work needs... read more