Features Hydro-Statics 101

All liquids in a state of equilibrium exert force on the materials it comes in contact with. The force applied falls into one of two categories: external force or hydrostatic energy. The pressure applied by the liquid against a level wall is equal at each and every point where it makes contact with the wall. Liquid in equilibrium will implement vertical pressure at every point of an object’s exterior when that subject is fully immersed in the liquid. c_109__08491.jpg These vertical forces are buoyancy, and the concept on its own is more fully defined by Archimedes’principle. When hydrostatic force is exerted on an area of liquid, this will become hydrostatic pressure. These ideas are applied to the containers used by plumbing, wells, and fountains.

Rome’s First Water Transport Systems

Rome’s very first raised aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; prior to that, inhabitants residing at higher elevations had to depend on natural creeks for their water. Throughout this time period, there were only 2 other innovations capable of supplying water to elevated areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which accumulated rainwater. To furnish water to Pincian Hill in the early sixteenth century, they applied the emerging tactic of redirecting the movement from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground channel. Throughout the time of its original construction, pozzi (or manholes) were placed at set intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. The manholes made it easier to thoroughly clean the channel, but it was also achievable to use buckets to extract water from the aqueduct, as we witnessed with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he owned the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he passed away. The cistern he had made to gather rainwater wasn’t adequate to meet his water needs. Through an opening to the aqueduct that ran under his property, he was able to fulfill his water desires.

Ancient Crete & The Minoans: Outdoor Fountains

Fountains and Water and the Minoan Civilization They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and wastewater. The chief ingredients utilized were stone or terracotta. Anytime clay was utilized, it was normally for channels as well as conduits which came in rectangle-shaped or spherical forms. The cone-like and U-shaped terracotta piping that were uncovered have not been found in any other civilization. Clay conduits were used to circulate water at Knossos Palace, running up to three meters directly below the flooring. Along with disbursing water, the terracotta water pipes of the Minoans were also made use of to amass water and store it. This required the terracotta conduits to be suitable for holding water without seepage. Below ground Water Transportation: This system’s undetectable nature might mean that it was originally created for some kind of ritual or to allocate water to restricted groups. Quality Water Transportation: Many scholars consider that these water lines were used to create a separate distribution technique for the residence.

The Father Of Roman Water Fountain Design And Style

There are numerous famous water fountains in the city center of Rome. Almost all of them were designed, architected and constructed by one of the greatest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. He was furthermore a urban architect, in addition to his expertise as a water feature designer, and traces of his life's work are apparent all through the streets of Rome. Eventually moving to Rome to fully express their art, primarily in the shape of public water fountains, Bernini’s father, a distinguished Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son.

The young Bernini received compliments from Popes and influential artists alike, and was an exceptional employee. At first he was well known for his sculpting skills. He used his ability and melded it effortlessly with Roman marble, most notably in the Vatican. Though he was influenced by many, Michelangelo had the most serious effect on him, both personally and professionally.

The Positive Benefits of Adding a Water Feature in Your Living Area

The inclusion of a wall water feature or an outdoor garden fountain is an excellent way to embellish your yard or garden design. A myriad of present-day designers and fountain artisans have found ideas in the fountains and water features of the past. As such, the impact of adding one of these to your interior decor binds it to past times. Among the many properties of these beautiful garden water features is the water and moisture they release into the air which attracts birds and other wild life as well as helps to balance the ecosystem. Flying, annoying insects, for instance, are scared away by the birds congregating around the fountain or birdbath.

Putting in a wall water feature is your best option for a little backyard because a spouting or cascading fountain occupies too much space. Either a stand-alone fountain with an even back and an attached basin set against a fence or a wall, or a wall-mounted style which is self-contained and hangs on a wall, are some of the possibilities from which you can choose. Adding a fountain to an existing wall requires that you include a fountain mask as well as a basin at the bottom to gather the water. Since the plumbing and masonry work is extensive to complete this type of job, you should hire a professional to do it rather than attempt to do it alone.


Water Delivery Strategies in Historic Rome
With the construction of the very first raised aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s hillsides no longer had to... read more
Historic Crete & The Minoans: Fountains
During archaeological excavations on the island of Crete, various sorts of conduits have been found. In conjunction with delivering water, they distributed water... read more
The First Documented Public Fountains of the Historical Past
The water from springs and other sources was initially supplied to the inhabitants of nearby towns and cities by way of water fountains, whose design was primarily practical, not artistic. A supply of water higher in... read more
Your Garden: An Ideal Spot for a Wall Fountain
The area required for a cascading or spouting fountain is substantial, so a wall fountain is the ideal size for a small yard. Either a stand-alone fountain with an even back and an attached basin placed against a... read more