A Short History of Outdoor Fountains

As initially developed, water fountains were designed to be practical, directing water from streams or reservoirs to the citizens of towns and villages, where the water could be used for cooking food, washing, and drinking. s-462__40162.jpg A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was required to pressurize the movement and send water squirting from the fountain's nozzle, a system without equal until the late nineteenth century. The beauty and wonder of fountains make them ideal for historic memorials. Crude in design, the 1st water fountains didn't look much like present fountains. The very first known water fountain was a rock basin carved that served as a container for drinking water and ceremonial purposes. Natural stone basins as fountains have been discovered from 2,000 B.C.. The spray of water emerging from small spouts was pressured by gravity, the only power source creators had in those days. These historic fountains were designed to be functional, usually situated along reservoirs, streams and waterways to furnish drinking water. Fountains with elaborate decoration started to show up in Rome in approximately 6 BC, normally gods and wildlife, made with stone or copper-base alloy. The impressive aqueducts of Rome provided water to the eye-catching public fountains, many of which you can travel to today.

Free Water Fountains in and Around Berkley, Ca

The first example of a soda tax in the US came in February 2014, when it was passed by the city of Berkley, California. The taxation is intended to reduce sugary drink consumption and increase the consumption of healthier drinks, including water from fountains. The aim of the research was to evaluate the state of community drinking water fountains and figure out if there is a distinction in access to fresh, operating drinking fountains based on racial or economic components. Important information on the city’s drinking water fountains were developed using a GPS created specifically for the research. This info was cross-referenced with demographic data on race and income acquired from the US Census Community Study database. Evaluations were made between the location and demographic data, uncovering whether class differences affected access to clean, working water fountains. The study was able to identify the demographics of areas with water fountains, also noting whether the state of the fountains was better or worse in lower class neighborhoods. The fact that the fountains were working was not a guarantee that they were well-maintained, as quite a few were in need of maintenance and repair.

Archaic Greek Artwork: Garden Statuary

Up until the Archaic Greeks provided the 1st freestanding sculpture, a noteworthy achievement, carvings had chiefly been completed in walls and pillars as reliefs. Most of the freestanding statues were of youthful, winsome male or female (kore) Greeks and are referred to as kouros figures. The kouroi were considered by the Greeks to represent beauty and were sculpted with one foot leading and an uncompromising firmness to their forward-facing poses; the male statues were always strapping, sinewy, and undressing.

Life-sized versions of the kouroi appeared beginning in 650 BC. A significant time of improvement for the Greeks, the Archaic period helped bring about new forms of state, expressions of artwork, and a greater comprehension of people and cultures outside of Greece. Still these disputes did not prohibit the expansion of the Greek civilization. {

Select from Countless Exterior Wall Fountain Designs

If you want to create a place to relax and add some pizzazz to a small area such as a patio or courtyard, wall fountains are perfect because they do not take up much space. Conventional, antique, contemporary, or Asian are just a few of the designs you can pick from when looking for an outdoor wall fountain to your liking. While there are innumerable prefabricated ones on the market, you may need a customized fountain if none of these are pleasing to you.

The two types of fountains available to you are mounted and stand-alone models. Small, self-contained models can be hung on a wall are known as mounted wall fountains. Normally made of resin (to resemble stone) or fiber glass, these kinds of fountains are lightweight and easy to hang. Floor fountains are freestanding, large, and also have a basin on the ground as well as a flat side against the wall. There are no weight limits on these sorts of cast stone water features.

It is a good idea to incorporate a custom-made fountain into a new or existing wall, something often recommended by landscape experts. The basin and all the necessary plumbing are best installed by a qualified mason. You will need to incorporate a spout or fountain mask into the wall. The cohesive look produced by custom-made wall fountains make them appear to be part of the landscape instead of an afterthought.

Rome’s Early Water Delivery Systems

Rome’s 1st elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; prior to that, inhabitants residing at higher elevations had to depend on local springs for their water. If people living at higher elevations did not have access to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to be dependent on the other existing technologies of the day, cisterns that compiled rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that received the water from under ground. From the beginning of the sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill via the underground channel of Acqua Vergine. During its initial construction, pozzi (or manholes) were situated at set intervals alongside the aqueduct’s channel. While these manholes were manufactured to make it much easier to sustain the aqueduct, it was also possible to use containers to remove water from the channel, which was utilized by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he bought the property in 1543 to his death in 1552. The cistern he had made to collect rainwater wasn’t satisfactory to meet his water demands. That is when he decided to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran under his residence.


California's Garden Water Fountain Analysis and Results
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