The First Documented Public Water Fountains of History

Water fountains were originally practical in purpose, used to deliver water from rivers or springs to towns and villages, supplying the inhabitants with fresh water to drink, wash, and cook with. aq_78208__93962.jpg A supply of water higher in elevation than the fountain was necessary to pressurize the flow and send water spraying from the fountain's nozzle, a technology without equal until the later part of the nineteenth century. Fountains all through history have been developed as monuments, impressing hometown citizens and tourists alike. When you enjoy a fountain at present, that is certainly not what the first water fountains looked like. Designed for drinking water and ceremonial reasons, the very first fountains were simple carved stone basins. 2000 BC is when the oldest known stone fountain basins were actually used. The force of gravity was the energy source that operated the earliest water fountains. Drinking water was supplied by public fountains, long before fountains became elaborate public statues, as striking as they are practical. Fountains with flowery decoration started to show up in Rome in approximately 6 BC, usually gods and animals, made with stone or copper-base alloy. The City of Rome had an intricate system of aqueducts that supplied the water for the many fountains that were placed throughout the community.

The Defining Characteristics of Classic Greek Statuary

Up right up until the Archaic Greeks provided the 1st freestanding statuary, a remarkable triumph, carvings had mostly been done in walls and pillars as reliefs. Most of these freestanding sculptures were what is known as kouros figures, statues of young, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks. Thought of by Greeks to represent splendour, the kouroi were formed into rigid, forward facing positions with one foot outstretched, and the male statues were usually nude, well-developed, and athletic. Life-sized versions of the kouroi appeared beginning in 650 BC.

The Archaic period was an amazing time of transformation for the Greeks as they grew into new modes of government, produced unique expressions of art, and gained knowledge of the people and cultures outside of Greece. But in spite of the disputes, the Greek civilization went on to progress, unabated.

The Original Outdoor Water Feature Artists

Often serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, fountain designers were multi-faceted people, During the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci illustrated the artist as a innovative genius, creator and scientific expert. He carefully noted his observations in his currently famed notebooks, after his immense curiosity in the forces of nature led him to explore the attributes and movement of water. Converting private villa settings into amazing water exhibits complete with symbolic significance and natural beauty, early Italian water fountain designers combined curiosity with hydraulic and horticultural abilities. The humanist Pirro Ligorio offered the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli and was celebrated for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden concepts. For the assorted mansions in the vicinity of Florence, other fountain builders were well versed in humanistic subject areas as well as ancient scientific texts, masterminding the incredible water marbles, water attributes and water antics.

Wall Fountains: The Minoan Culture

On the Greek island of Crete, excavations have discovered conduits of several varieties. They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and wastewater. They were for the most part created from terracotta or rock. There were terracotta pipelines, both circular and rectangle-shaped as well as pathways made from the same elements. The cone-like and U-shaped terracotta conduits that were discovered haven’t been spotted in any other culture. Knossos Palace had an advanced plumbing system made of clay piping which ran up to three meters below ground. The clay water lines were also made use of for gathering and holding water. This required the clay piping to be suitable for holding water without losing it. Underground Water Transportation: the concealed setup for water circulation could possibly have been used to furnish water to specified men and women or events.

Quality Water Transportation: Bearing in mind the indicators, several scholars suggest that these pipelines were not connected to the popular water allocation system, offering the residence with water from a distinctive source.

Free Drinking Fountains Around Berkley, California

Berkley, CA residents voted for a sugar-sweetened beverages tax in February 2014, the first of its kind in the United States. The objective is to have individuals drinking more water and other natural beverages by elevating the price tag of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. Research was completed to make sure that residents of all races and economic classes had access to thoroughly clean, operating drinking fountains. Information on the city’s drinking water fountains were gathered using a GPS created specifically for the research. The US Census Community Study database was employed to compile information relating to race and economic status in these locations. The experts sought to use both data sets to figure out if demographics were linked to drinking water fountain access. The evaluation was able to identify the demographics of areas with water fountains, also noting whether the condition of the fountains was better or inferior in lower class neighborhoods. Many of the water fountains were unclean or clogged, regardless of the fact that the majority of fountains worked.


"Old School" Fountain Creative Designers
Water feature designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one person. Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance... read more
Public Water Fountains in and Around Berkley, California
The first implementation of a sugary drinks tax in the USA came in February 2014, when it was passed by the city of Berkley, California. By taxing sugary drinks, the city hopes to inspire a lot more people to decide on healthier choices, such as water. ... read more
The Early, Largely Ignored, Water-Moving Solution
In 1588, Agrippa’s water-lifting creation captivated the interest and praise of Andrea Bacci but that turned out to be one of the last references of the device. It could perhaps be that in 1592... read more
Ancient Greece: The Beginnings of Garden Statue Design
A good number of sculptors were remunerated by the temples to adorn the intricate pillars and archways with renderings of the gods until the period came to a close and countless Greeks started to think of their... read more
Archaic Greek Artistry: Large Statuary
Archaic Greeks were known for developing the first freestanding statuary; up until then, most carvings were made out of walls and pillars as reliefs. Kouros figures, sculptures of adolescent, good-looking male or... read more
The Earliest Documented Water Features of History
Water fountains were originally practical in function, used to bring water from rivers or creeks to towns and villages, supplying the inhabitants with clean water to drink, bathe, and prepare food with. In the years before... read more