Sculpture As a Staple of Classic Art in Historic Greece

The Archaic Greeks developed the very first freestanding statuary, an amazing achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Youthful, ideal male or female (kore) Greeks were the subject matter of most of the statues, or kouros figures. Considered by Greeks to characterize skin care, the kouroi were shaped into stiff, forward facing poses with one foot outstretched, and the male statues were usually nude, well-built, and athletic. The kouroi started to be life-sized beginning in 650 BC. During the Archaic time, a great time of changes, the Greeks were evolving new sorts of government, expressions of art, and a better understanding of people and cultures outside Greece. aq_78208_2__45627.jpg Comparable to other periods of historical unrest, conflicts were commonplace, and there were battles between city-states like The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos.

Rome, Gian Bernini, And Water Features

There are many renowned Roman water features in its city center. One of the greatest sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini planned, created and built nearly all of them. Also a city designer, he had capabilities as a water feature designer, and records of his life's work are evident throughout the roads of Rome. A renowned Florentine sculptor, Bernini's father mentored his young son, and they eventually transferred to Rome to totally showcase their art, chiefly in the form of public water features and water features. An exceptional worker, Bernin received compliments and the the backing of popes and important artists. Initially he was renowned for his sculpting skills. An authority in historical Greek engineering, he used this knowledge as a base and melded it flawlessly with Roman marble, most remarkably in the Vatican. Though a variety of artists impacted his artistic endeavors, Michelangelo influenced him the most.

Outdoor Fountain Engineers Through History

Often serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the late 18th century, fountain designers were multi-faceted individuals,

Leonardo da Vinci as a inspired intellect, inventor and scientific virtuoso exemplified this Renaissance artist. He carefully captured his observations in his now celebrated notebooks, following his immense curiosity in the forces of nature guided him to investigate the properties and mobility of water. Modifying private villa settings into ingenious water displays packed with symbolic significance and natural beauty, early Italian water fountain designers paired imagination with hydraulic and horticultural ability. The magnificence in Tivoli were developed by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was famed for his skill in archeology, architecture and garden design. Other fountain engineers, masterminding the fantastic water marbles, water features and water antics for the many estates near Florence, were well-versed in humanist topics and classical scientific readings.

Water Delivery Strategies in Ancient Rome

With the construction of the 1st elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s foothills no longer had to be dependent strictly on naturally-occurring spring water for their needs. If residents living at higher elevations did not have access to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to be dependent on the remaining existing systems of the day, cisterns that accumulated rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that drew the water from below ground. To deliver water to Pincian Hill in the early sixteenth century, they implemented the new process of redirecting the stream from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground channel. Throughout the time of its initial building and construction, pozzi (or manholes) were added at set intervals alongside the aqueduct’s channel. The manholes made it easier to clean the channel, but it was also possible to use buckets to extract water from the aqueduct, as we saw with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he possessed the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he passed away. The cistern he had constructed to collect rainwater wasn’t sufficient to meet his water requirements. Thankfully, the aqueduct sat under his residence, and he had a shaft established to give him access.

Pets and Water Features

House pets may be dubious of a new water feature so be certain to take them into account before purchasing one. Your stand-alone fountain may be seen as a big pool or a drinking pond by your dog. Installing a water element to your yard is a great idea, one which is certain to benefit your pets. Your fountain may attract birds who think it is a great place to cool down, so it is important to think about where you will place this type of water feature. Installing a birdbath in your backyard is the perfect answer if you want to attract birds. Wall water fountains are great for indoor use as well if you want to sidestep these problems.

It is common to find these types of fountains in dental or medical workplaces as well as in glamorous homes.