Characteristics of Outdoor Statues in Archaic Greece

The initial freestanding statuary was improved by the Archaic Greeks, a recognized accomplishment since until then the sole carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and columns. For the most part the statues, or kouros figures, were of young and attractive male or female (kore) Greeks. s-457__00073.jpg The kouroi, considered by the Greeks to portray beauty, had one foot extended out of a rigid forward-facing pose and the male figurines were regularly nude, with a strong, powerful shape. The kouroi started to be life-sized starting in 650 BC. The Archaic period was tumultuous for the Greeks as they evolved into more polished forms of government and art, and obtained more information and facts about the peoples and civilizations outside of Greece. The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos, and other wars between city-states are instances of the sorts of conflicts that emerged commonly, which is consistent with other times of historical transformation.

The Original Water Features of the Historical Past

As initially conceived, water fountains were designed to be functional, guiding water from creeks or reservoirs to the residents of towns and villages, where the water could be utilized for cooking, washing, and drinking. To generate water flow through a fountain until the late 1800’s, and produce a jet of water, required gravity and a water source such as a spring or lake, situated higher than the fountain. Striking and spectacular, prominent water fountains have been built as memorials in most cultures. Simple in style, the first water fountains didn't look much like contemporary fountains. Basic stone basins sculpted from local rock were the very first fountains, used for religious functions and drinking water. Stone basins as fountains have been discovered from 2000 BC. The first civilizations that made use of fountains depended on gravity to force water through spigots. These ancient fountains were built to be functional, commonly situated along aqueducts, creeks and rivers to supply drinking water. Fountains with ornate decoration started to show up in Rome in about 6 B.C., usually gods and animals, made with stone or copper-base alloy. The City of Rome had an elaborate system of aqueducts that delivered the water for the numerous fountains that were placed throughout the community.

Exterior Wall Fountains: The Numerous Designs on the Market

Small verandas or courtyards are an ideal place to install wall fountains since they add style to an area with limited space. The multitude of designs in outdoor wall fountains, including traditional, classic, contemporary, or Asian, means that you can find the one suitable to your tastes. While there are innumerable prefabricated ones on the market, you may need a custom-built fountain if none of these are appealing to you.

Mounted and free-standing water features are obtainable on the market. Mounted wall fountains are small and self-contained versions which can be displayed on a wall. Typically made of resin (to resemble stone) or fiber glass, these kinds of fountains are lightweight and easy to hang. In large stand-alone fountains, otherwise referred to as wall fountains, the basin is set on the ground with the flat side positioned against a wall. Water features such as these are usually made of cast stone and have no weight limitations.

Many qualified landscapers favor custom-built fountains which can be integrated into a brand-new wall or an existing one. Hiring an expert mason is your best option to build the basin and install the required plumbing. The wall will have to have a spout or fountain mask built into it. Custom-built wall fountains add to a unified appearance because they become part of the scenery rather than look like a later addition.

California's Garden Fountain Study and Results

In February 2014, a taxation on sugar-sweetened beverages was approved in Berkley, CA, making it the first city in the United States to bring in such a regulation. The objective is to have everyone drinking more water and other natural beverages by elevating the cost of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. Attempts were made to find out the condition of neighborhood drinking water fountains in both high- and low-income neighborhoods. By creating a mobile GPS application, researchers were able to amass data on Berkley’s drinking water fountains.

The US Census Community Study database was employed to collect information pertaining to race and economic status in these segments. Evaluations were made amongst the location and demographic data, disclosing whether class differences affected availability to clean, working water fountains. Each water fountain and the demographics of its nearby area were reviewed to reveal whether the location of the fountains or their level of maintenance showed any link to income, race, or other points. While the majority of the fountains were in working order, an appalling number were discovered to be in a bad state of repairs.

Classic Greece: The Roots of Outdoor Statue Design

Nearly all sculptors were remunerated by the temples to accentuate the elaborate columns and archways with renderings of the gods right up until the period came to a close and many Greeks started to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred, when it became more common for sculptors to represent ordinary men and women as well. Portraiture, which would be acknowledged by the Romans upon their annexation of Greek civilization became customary as well, and wealthy family members would at times commission a portrait of their forebears to be situated in enormous familial tombs. The usage of sculpture and other art forms varied through the many years of The Greek Classical period, a time of artistic growth when the arts had more than one objective. Whether to satisfy a visual yearning or to commemorate the figures of religion, Greek sculpture was actually an inventive method in the ancient world, which may be what draws our interest today.


Ancient Outside Water Fountain Designers
Water fountain designers were multi-talented people from the 16th to the late 18th century, often serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one. ... read more
California's Garden Water Fountain Research and Results
The very first American city to implement a tax on sweet drinks was Berkley, California in February 2014. By making soda more expensive, it’s assumed that people will make better choices for what their children drink, like water... read more
The Earliest Documented Garden Water Fountains of the Historical Past
As originally conceived, fountains were crafted to be functional, directing water from creeks or aqueducts to the residents of towns and settlements, where the water could be used for cooking, washing, and drinking. To generate water flow... read more
Outdoor Wall Fountains: The Numerous Styles on the Market
Many experienced landscapers prefer custom-built fountains which can be integrated into a brand-new wall or an existing one. The basin and all the required plumbing are best installed by a trained mason. A fountain mask... read more