Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Garden Fountains

angel cherub__67925.original.jpg There are many celebrated fountains in the city center of Rome. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the greatest sculptors and artists of the 17th century planned, conceptualized and built almost all of them. Also a city designer, he had capabilities as a water feature developer, and marks of his life's work are evident throughout the avenues of Rome. Ultimately travelling to Rome to completely express their art, primarily in the form of community water features, Bernini’s father, a distinguished Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son. An outstanding workman, Bernin received compliments and the patronage of popes and well known painters. At the beginning he was known for his sculptural skills. Working effortlessly with Roman marble, he utilized a base of expertise in the ancient Greek architecture, most famously in the Vatican. Although many artists had an impact on his work, Michelangelo had the most profound effect.

The Many Reasons to Add a Wall Fountain

The area outside your home can be polished up by including a wall or a garden fountain to your landscaping or garden project. Contemporary artists and fountain builders alike use historic fountains and water features to shape their creations. As such, the effect of integrating one of these to your home decor bridges it to past times. The benefit of having a garden fountain goes beyond its beauty as it also appeals to birds and other wildlife, in addition to harmonizing the ecosystem with the water and moisture it releases into the atmosphere. For example, irritating flying insects are usually deterred by the birds attracted to the fountain or birdbath.

Wall fountains are a good choice if your yard is small because they do not require much space as compared to a spouting or cascading fountain. Either a freestanding fountain with an even back and an attached basin placed against a fence or a wall, or a wall-mounted kind which is self-contained and hangs on a wall, are some of the options from which you can choose. Be sure to include a fountain mask to an existing wall and a basin to collect the water at the base if you wish to add a fountain to your living area. The plumbing and masonry work necessary for this type of job requires know-how, so it is best to hire a skilled person rather than do it yourself.

Early Water Supply Techniques in Rome

Rome’s very first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; prior to that, citizens living at higher elevations had to rely on local springs for their water. Throughout this time period, there were only two other systems capable of offering water to elevated areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which gathered rainwater. Starting in the sixteenth century, a unique method was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean sectors to supply water to Pincian Hill.

Through its original building and construction, pozzi (or manholes) were located at set intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. During the some 9 years he owned the property, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi employed these manholes to take water from the network in containers, though they were originally built for the goal of maintaining and maintaining the aqueduct. Whilst the cardinal also had a cistern to amass rainwater, it didn’t provide a sufficient amount of water. Through an orifice to the aqueduct that ran underneath his property, he was in a position to meet his water wants.

The Function of Hydrostatics In The Design Of Wall Fountains

When in equilibrium, liquid delivers power to its container or any other material it comes in contact with. There are 2 forms, hydrostatic load or outside forces. When used against a level surface, the liquid applies equal force against all points of that surface. When an subject is thoroughly immersed in a liquid, vertical force is applied to the object at each point. These vertical forces are buoyancy, and the concept by itself is more fully described by Archimedes’principle. When hydrostatic force is exerted on an area of liquid, this becomes hydrostatic pressure. A city’s water supply system, fountains, and artesian wells are all good examples of the application of these principles on containers.

Agrippa’s Splendid Water-lifting Gadget

In 1588, Agrippa’s water-lifting innovation captivated the notice and praise of Andrea Bacci but that turned out to be one of the last mentions of the mechanism. It may have turned out to be dated once the Villa Medici was in a position to obtain water from the Acqua Felice, the early modern conduit, in 1592. Its application may have been brief but Camillo Agrippa’s innovation had a prominent place in history as the most spectacular water-lifting system of its kind in Italy prior to the modern era. It might defy the law of gravity to lift water to Renaissance gardens, feeding them in a way other late sixteenth century concepts such as scenographic water exhibits, melodious water fountains and giochi d’acqua or water caprices, were not.


Gian Bernini's Garden Fountains
There are many famous fountains in Rome’s city center. One of the greatest sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini planned, conceptualized and constructed... read more
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