The Circulation of Outdoor Garden Fountain Manufacturing Knowledge in Europe

Spreading useful hydraulic information and water fountain design ideas throughout Europe was accomplished with the published papers and illustrated publications of the time. aq-78011__87712.jpg In the late 1500's, a French fountain architect (whose name has been lost) was the globally recognized hydraulics pioneer. By developing gardens and grottoes with integrated and clever water features, he started off his career in Italy by receiving imperial commissions in Brussels, London and Germany. “The Principles of Moving Forces”, a guide that became the fundamental text on hydraulic technology and engineering, was composed by him toward the end of his lifetime in France. Classical antiquity hydraulic breakthroughs were outlined as well as updates to essential classical antiquity hydraulic breakthroughs in the publication. As a mechanical means to push water, Archimedes made the water screw, fundamental among crucial hydraulic advancements. Sunlight heating water in a couple of vessels unseen in a room next to an ornamental fountain was shown in one illustration. What occurs is the heated liquid expanded, rises and locks up the conduits heading to the water feature, thereby leading to activation. Concepts for pumps, water wheels, water attributes and outdoor ponds are also covered in the guide.

California's Garden Water Fountain Analysis and Results

The very first US city to pass a tax on high calorie drinks was Berkley, California in February 2014. The tax is supposed to minimize sugary drink intake and increase the consumption of healthier drinks, including water from fountains. Attempts were made to find out the condition of neighborhood drinking water fountains in both high- and low-income neighborhoods. The research utilized a GPS app to compile data on existing water fountains in the city. Demographic data on race and earnings was then assembled using the US Census database. The researchers sought to use both data sets to figure out if demographics were connected to drinking water fountain access. The neighboring demographics of every single water fountain location was made note of, while also determining whether race or income levels made a difference in the state of repair of each fountain. While the bulk of the fountains were in working order, an alarming number were discovered to be in a bad state of repairs.

Water-raising Tool by Camillo Agrippa

Sadly, Agrippa’s wonderful plan for lifting water wasn’t mentioned much after 1588, when Andrea Bacci acclaimed it publicly. It may possibly be that the Acqua Felice, the second of Rome’s earliest modern aqueducts made the device useless when it was hooked up to the Villa Medici in 1592. The easier account is that it was disregarded about when Ferdinando left for Florence in 1588, following the passing of his brother Francesco di Medici, to change his position as cardinal for one as the Grand Duke of Tuscany. #P# It might defy gravity to raise water to Renaissance gardens, providing them in a way other late sixteenth century models like scenographic water exhibits, melodious fountains and giochi d’acqua or water caprices, were not.

The Earliest Documented Outdoor Water Features of History

Water fountains were originally practical in purpose, used to convey water from canals or springs to cities and hamlets, supplying the inhabitants with fresh water to drink, wash, and prepare food with. A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was needed to pressurize the flow and send water spraying from the fountain's nozzle, a system without equal until the late 19th century. The splendor and wonder of fountains make them appropriate for historical memorials. The common fountains of today bear little resemblance to the first water fountains. Basic stone basins crafted from nearby rock were the first fountains, used for religious ceremonies and drinking water. Stone basins are thought to have been 1st used around 2000 BC. The jet of water emerging from small jets was pressured by gravity, the only power source creators had in those days. The placement of the fountains was driven by the water source, which is why you’ll commonly find them along reservoirs, canals, or streams. Animals, Gods, and spectral figures dominated the very early ornate Roman fountains, starting to appear in about 6 BC. The people of Rome had an intricate system of aqueducts that delivered the water for the many fountains that were located throughout the city.

Your Patio: The Perfect Spot for a Garden Fountain

The inclusion of a wall water feature or an outdoor garden fountain is an excellent way to beautify your yard or garden design. A myriad of current designers and fountain craftsmen have found inspiration in the fountains and water features of the past. You can also reinforce the connection to the past by incorporating one of these to your home's interior design. In addition to the wonderful characteristics of garden fountains, they also produce water and moisture which goes into the air, thereby, attracting birds as well as other creatures and harmonizing the environment. Birds enticed by a fountain or bird bath often scare away irksome flying pests, for instance.

Spouting or cascading fountains are not the best option for a small garden since they occupy a great deal of space. Two options to choose from include either a freestanding type with an even back set against a fence or wall in your backyard, or a wall-mounted, self-contained type which is suspended on a wall. Both a fountain mask placed on the existing wall as well as a basin located at the bottom to collect the water are equired if you wish to include a fountain.

Be sure to hire a professional for this type of job since it is better not to do it yourself due to the intricate plumbing and masonry work needed.


The Distribution of Garden Water Fountains Manufacturing Knowledge in Europe
Throughout the European countries, the primary means of dissiminating useful hydraulic facts and fountain design ideas were the circulated papers and illustrated books of the time, which contributed to the development of scientific innovation. ... read more
The City Of Rome, Gian Bernini, And Fountains
There are countless famous Roman fountains in its city center. One of the greatest sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini designed, created... read more