Creators of the First Garden Fountains

Often working as architects, sculptors, designers, engineers and discerning scholars, all in one, fountain creators were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the late 18th century. Throughout the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci illustrated the artist as a imaginative master, inventor and scientific expert. The forces of nature guided him to investigate the properties and motion of water, and due to his fascination, he methodically recorded his experiences in his now renowned notebooks. Innovative water displays full with symbolic meaning and natural grace transformed private villa settings when early Italian water feature creators combined creativity with hydraulic and gardening skill. The humanist Pirro Ligorio brought the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli and was renowned for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design. brk-372-1t__29038.jpg Well versed in humanistic topics as well as classical scientific texts, some other water fountain makers were masterminding the extraordinary water marbles, water attributes and water antics for the countless estates near Florence.

The Circulation of Garden Water Fountains Manufacturing Knowledge in Europe

Instrumental to the development of scientific technology were the published papers and illustrated publications of the time. They were also the principal means of transmitting practical hydraulic information and fountain design suggestions throughout Europe. In the later part of the 1500's, a French water feature architect (whose name has been lost) was the internationally distinguished hydraulics leader. His know-how in designing gardens and grottoes with incorporated and brilliant water attributes began in Italy and with commissions in Brussels, London and Germany. He authored a publication entitled “The Principles of Moving Forces” towards the end of his lifetime while in France which became the basic text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Detailing contemporary hydraulic systems, the publication also updated key hydraulic discoveries of classical antiquity. Dominant among these works were those of Archimedes, the creator of the water screw, a mechanized means of transferring water. Sunlight heating liquid in two containers hidden in a room next to an ornamental water fountain was shown in one illustration. The end result: the fountain is stimulated by the heated liquid expanding and rising up the piping. Concepts for pumps, water wheels, water features and outdoor ponds are also covered in the book.

The Positive Benefits of installing a Water Feature in Your Living Space

The area outside your residence can be enhanced by adding a wall or a garden fountain to your landscaping or garden project. Historical fountains and water features have sparked the interest of modern-day designers as well as fountain manufacturers. As such, the effect of integrating one of these to your interior decor connects it to past times. The water and moisture garden fountains release into the environment draws birds and other creatures, and also balances the ecosystem, all of which contribute to the benefits of including one of these beautiful water features. Birds enticed by a fountain or bird bath often scare away irksome flying invaders, for instance.

Putting in a wall water feature is your best option for a little backyard because a spouting or cascading fountain occupies too much space. You can choose to set up a stand-alone fountain with a flat back and an connected basin propped against a fence or wall in your backyard, or a wall-mounted type which is self-contained and suspended from a wall. Both a fountain mask placed on the existing wall as well as a basin located at the bottom to collect the water are necessary if you wish to include a fountain.

The plumbing and masonry work necessary for this kind of job requires expertise, so it is best to hire a skilled person rather than do it yourself.

Modern Water Fountains And Public Health

The first example of a sugary drinks tax in the US came in February 2014, when it was passed by the city of Berkley, California. The goal is to get men and women drinking more water and other natural beverages by elevating the price tag of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. Research was done to ensure that individuals of all races and economic classes had access to clean, working drinking fountains. Important information on the city’s drinking water fountains were developed using a GPS created specifically for the research. Demographic data on race and earnings was then gathered using the US Census database. Comparisons were made amongst the location and demographic data, exposing whether class differences affected access to clean, functional water fountains. The analysis was able to identify the demographics of areas with water fountains, also observing whether the condition of the fountains was greater or inferior in lower class neighborhoods. The fact that the fountains were functioning was not a guarantee that they were well-maintained, since quite a few were in need of cleaning and repair.

Early Water Delivery Techniques in Rome

Prior to 273, when the 1st elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was established in Roma, inhabitants who resided on hills had to journey further down to collect their water from natural sources. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the only techniques available at the time to supply water to segments of high elevation. To supply water to Pincian Hill in the early 16th century, they applied the emerging technique of redirecting the circulation from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground channel. Through its original construction, pozzi (or manholes) were placed at set intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. The manholes made it more straightforward to clean the channel, but it was also possible to use buckets to pull water from the aqueduct, as we discovered with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he owned the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he passed away.

He didn’t get adequate water from the cistern that he had manufactured on his property to obtain rainwater. Fortunately, the aqueduct sat below his property, and he had a shaft opened to give him accessibility.


The Early, Largely Ignored, Water-Moving Solution
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The Early Society: Garden Fountains
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