Creators of the First Fountains

Multi-talented individuals, fountain designers from the 16th to the late 18th century typically served as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one. During the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci exemplified the creator as an creative wizard, creator and scientific specialist. He carefully noted his findings in his currently famed notebooks, after his mind boggling fascination in the forces of nature guided him to research the properties and mobility of water. Combining inventiveness with hydraulic and horticultural talent, early Italian water feature developers transformed private villa settings into innovative water displays complete of emblematic implications and natural charm. Known for his virtuosity in archeology, design and garden creations, Pirro Ligorio, the humanist, delivered the vision behind the magnificence in Tivoli. brk-322__43409.jpg Other water feature developers, masterminding the incredible water marbles, water features and water humor for the many estates near Florence, were well-versed in humanistic themes and time-honored scientific texts.

Original Water Supply Techniques in The City Of Rome

Rome’s first raised aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; prior to that, citizens residing at higher elevations had to rely on natural creeks for their water. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the sole technological innovations readily available at the time to supply water to areas of high elevation. From the beginning of the sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill by using the subterranean channel of Acqua Vergine. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. During the some 9 years he possessed the residence, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi used these manholes to take water from the network in containers, though they were initially built for the goal of maintaining and servicing the aqueduct. The cistern he had built to collect rainwater wasn’t sufficient to meet his water needs. To give himself with a more practical means to assemble water, he had one of the manholes opened, giving him access to the aqueduct below his property.

Bernini's Fountains

In Rome’s city center, there are countless famous water features. Almost all of them were designed, architected and constructed by one of the finest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. He was additionally a city designer, in addition to his abilities as a fountain engineer, and records of his life's work are evident all through the avenues of Rome. To completely express their skill, mainly in the form of community water fountains and water features, Bernini's father, a celebrated Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they eventually moved in the Roman Capitol. An excellent worker, the young Bernini received compliments and patronage of many popes and influential artists. At first he was renowned for his sculpting skills. He used his knowledge and melded it gracefully with Roman marble, most notably in the Vatican. He was affected by many a great artists, however, Michelangelo had the biggest impact on his work.

The Many Reasons to Add a Water Feature

A great way to enhance the appeal of your outdoor living area is to add a wall water feature or an exterior garden fountain to your landscaping or garden design. A myriad of present-day designers and fountain artisans have found ideas in the fountains and water features of the past. As such, the impact of integrating one of these to your home decor bridges it to past times. The advantage of having a garden fountain extends beyond its beauty as it also appeals to birds and other wildlife, in addition to harmonizing the ecosystem with the water and moisture it emits into the atmosphere. For example, irritating flying insects are usually discouraged by the birds attracted to the fountain or birdbath.

Wall fountains are a good alternative if your yard is small because they do not require much space in comparison to a spouting or cascading fountain. Either a freestanding fountain with an even back and an attached basin placed against a fence or a wall, or a wall-mounted style which is self-contained and hangs on a wall, are some of the options from which you can choose. A fountain can be added to an existing wall if you include some sort of fountain mask as well as a basin to collect the water at the bottom. Since the plumbing and masonry work is substantial to complete this type of job, you should employ a professional to do it rather than try to do it alone.

California's Outdoor Garden Fountain Study and Results

Berkley, CA people voted for a sugar-sweetened beverages tax in February 2014, the first of its kind in the United States. The tax is believed to reduce sugary drink intake and enhance the consumption of healthier drinks, like water from fountains. Efforts were made to find out the status of local drinking water fountains in both high- and low-income neighborhoods. By developing a mobile GPS application, specialists were able to gather data on Berkley’s drinking water fountains. This information was cross-referenced with demographic records on race and income acquired from the US Census Community Study database. Comparisons were made between the location and demographic data, revealing whether class differences affected availability to clean, functional water fountains. Each water fountain and the demographics of its surrounding area were reviewed to reveal whether the site of the fountains or their level of maintenance demonstrated any correlation to income, race, or other points. The cleanliness of lots of fountains was found inadequate, even if most were working.


Acqua Vergine: The Solution to Rome's Water Troubles
Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct built in Rome, started out providing the people living in the hills with water in 273 BC, though they had... read more
The Myriad Reasons to Add a Fountain
Wall fountains are a good choice if your yard is small because they do not need much space in comparison to a spouting or cascading fountain. Either a stand-alone fountain with an even back and an attached basin set against a fence or a wall, or a... read more