The Circulation of Water Fountain Engineering Knowledge in Europe

Throughout the European countries, the primary means of dissiminating useful hydraulic understanding and fountain design ideas were the circulated papers and illustrated publications of the time, which added to the development of scientific development. An un-named French water fountain engineer was an internationally renowned hydraulic innovator in the late 1500's. By designing gardens and grottoes with built-in and clever water attributes, he started off his profession in Italy by earning Royal commissions in Brussels, London and Germany. In France, near the end of his lifetime, he penned “The Principle of Moving Forces”, a publication which became the primary text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Explaining contemporary hydraulic systems, the publication also modified critical hydraulic advancements of classical antiquity. aq-78011__87712.jpg Archimedes, the creator of the water screw, had his work highlighted and these included a mechanical way to move water. Two hidden containers heated by the sun's rays in a area next to the creative fountain were found in an illustration. What occurs is the heated water expanded, goes up and closes up the conduits leading to the water feature, consequently leading to stimulation. The book also mentions garden ponds, water wheels, water feature creations.

Do Pets Like Outdoor Fountains?

Take into account how your cat or dog may react to a water feature before you get one. A pet dog or cat may think that a freestanding fountain is a big pool or a drinking pond. Integrating a water feature to your yard is a great idea, one which is certain to benefit your pets. You may need to consider where you will place the fountain as birds may take it as a bathing pond. If you wish to deliberately attract birds, however, installing a birdbath is a good solution. Setting up a wall water fountain inside your house is a good option if you want to avoid such troubles. Exclusive mansions, in addition to dentist’ and doctors’ practices, often have such fountains on show.

Water Delivery Solutions in Ancient Rome

With the building of the 1st elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, folks who lived on the city’s hillsides no longer had to be dependent solely on naturally-occurring spring water for their needs. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the only technologies available at the time to supply water to segments of higher elevation. From the early sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill through the subterranean channel of Acqua Vergine. Spanning the length of the aqueduct’s channel were pozzi, or manholes, that gave entry. Whilst these manholes were provided to make it easier to manage the aqueduct, it was also possible to use containers to extract water from the channel, which was employed by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he acquired the property in 1543 to his passing in 1552. Apparently, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t adequate to satisfy his needs. To give himself with a much more streamlined means to gather water, he had one of the manholes exposed, giving him access to the aqueduct below his residence.

A Short History of Outdoor Water Fountains

As originally conceived, fountains were crafted to be functional, directing water from streams or aqueducts to the citizens of towns and settlements, where the water could be utilized for cooking food, washing, and drinking. To make water flow through a fountain until the late 1800’s, and generate a jet of water, required the force of gravity and a water source such as a creek or reservoir, situated higher than the fountain. The beauty and spectacle of fountains make them perfect for historic memorials. If you saw the first fountains, you wouldn't identify them as fountains. Created for drinking water and ceremonial functions, the 1st fountains were basic carved stone basins. Stone basins as fountains have been found from 2000 BC. The spray of water emerging from small spouts was pushed by gravity, the lone power source designers had in those days. These ancient fountains were designed to be functional, commonly situated along aqueducts, creeks and rivers to furnish drinking water. Animals, Gods, and Spiritual figures dominated the initial decorative Roman fountains, beginning to appear in about 6 BC.

The extraordinary aqueducts of Rome delivered water to the incredible public fountains, many of which you can go see today.

Ancient Water Fountain Designers

Often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the late 18th century, fountain designers were multi-talented individuals, Throughout the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci illustrated the artist as a creative intellect, inventor and scientific expert. He carefully reported his observations in his now famed notebooks about his studies into the forces of nature and the attributes and mobility of water. Coupling inventiveness with hydraulic and landscaping mastery, early Italian fountain creators transformed private villa settings into amazing water exhibits filled of emblematic implications and natural elegance. The humanist Pirro Ligorio provided the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli and was distinguished for his skill in archeology, architecture and garden design. Masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water attributes and water antics for the assorted mansions near Florence, other water fountain builders were well versed in humanist themes and ancient scientific texts.

How Technical Designs And Styles of Fountains Spread
Throughout Europe, the chief means of spreading practical hydraulic understanding and fountain design suggestions were the circulated papers and illustrated publications of the day, which contributed to the development of... read more
Outdoor Fountains And Their Use In Ancient Minoa
Various sorts of conduits have been discovered through archaeological excavations on the island of Crete, the birthplace of Minoan society. These supplied water... read more
Statuary As a Staple of Vintage Art in Archaic Greece
Archaic Greeks were renowned for providing the first freestanding statuary; up until then, most carvings were formed out of walls and pillars as reliefs. Most of these freestanding sculptures were what is known as kouros figures, statues of young, attractive... read more