Hydro-Statics & Features: An Overview

All liquids in a state of equilibrium exert force on the materials it comes in contact with. These fall into two groupings, hydrostatic load or outside force. The pressure applied by the liquid against a level wall is equal at every point where it makes contact with the wall. brk-316__92400.jpg Liquid in equilibrium will apply vertical pressure at every point of an object’s exterior when that subject is fully submersed in the liquid. We refer to this concept as Archimedes’ principle, which deals with the forces of buoyancy. When hydrostatic force is exerted on an area of liquid, this becomes hydrostatic pressure. These principles are applied to the containers used by plumbing, wells, and fountains.

The Many Reasons to Include a Water Feature

A great way to enhance the look of your outdoor living area is to add a wall fountain or an exterior garden fountain to your landscaping or garden layout. Historical fountains and water features have sparked the interest of contemporary designers as well as fountain designers. As such, the effect of adding one of these to your interior decor connects it to past times. Among the many properties of these beautiful garden fountains is the water and moisture they release into the air which attracts birds and other wild life as well as helps to balance the ecosystem. For instance, irritating flying insects are usually deterred by the birds attracted to the fountain or birdbath.

The space required for a cascading or spouting fountain is considerable, so a wall fountain is the perfect size for a small yard. You can choose to set up a stand-alone fountain with a flat back and an attached basin propped against a fence or wall in your backyard, or a wall-mounted type which is self-contained and hung from a wall. Be sure to include a fountain mask to an existing wall and a basin to collect the water at the base if you want to add a fountain to your living area. Since the plumbing and masonry work is substantial to complete this type of job, you should hire a professional to do it rather than attempt to do it alone.

Architectural Statuary in Old Greece

Sculptors garnished the lavish columns and archways with renderings of the greek gods until the time came to a close and more Greeks had begun to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred; at that time, it became more standard for sculptors be paid to depict everyday individuals as well. Rich individuals would sometimes commission a rendition of their ancestors for their big family burial tombs; portraiture also became prevalent and would be appropriated by the Romans upon their acquisition of Greek civilization. The usage of sculpture and other art forms varied over the years of The Greek Classical period, a duration of artistic growth when the arts had more than one goal. Greek sculpture was a modern part of antiquity, whether the reason was religious fervor or visual fulfillment, and its contemporary excellence may be what endears it to us today.

Outdoor Water Fountains And Public Policy

The very first American city to implement a tax on sweet drinks was Berkley, California in February 2014.

The aim is to get people drinking more water and other natural drinks by raising the price tag of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. Research was conducted to ensure that residents of all races and economic classes had access to clean, working drinking fountains. The study utilized a GPS app to compile data on present water fountains in the city. Demographic data on race and income was then assembled using the US Census database. By cross-referencing the water fountain locations with the demographic data, they were able to establish whether access to working fountains was class dependent. Each water fountain and the demographics of its bordering area were reviewed to reveal whether the location of the fountains or their level of maintenance revealed any link to income, race, or other factors. While the greater part of the fountains were in working order, an appalling number were discovered to be in a bad state of repairs.

Outdoor Public Fountains Lost to History

Villages and communities relied on practical water fountains to channel water for preparing food, washing, and cleaning from nearby sources like ponds, streams, or springs. The force of gravity was the power supply of water fountains up until the close of the 19th century, using the forceful power of water traveling downhill from a spring or brook to push the water through valves or other outlets. Inspiring and impressive, prominent water fountains have been designed as memorials in nearly all cultures. Crude in design, the very first water fountains did not look much like contemporary fountains. A stone basin, carved from rock, was the 1st fountain, used for holding water for drinking and ceremonial purposes. Stone basins are believed to have been 1st utilized around 2,000 BC. The first civilizations that used fountains relied on gravity to drive water through spigots. These historic water fountains were designed to be functional, frequently situated along aqueducts, streams and rivers to furnish drinking water. Fountains with elaborate decoration started to show up in Rome in approximately 6 B.C., commonly gods and creatures, made with natural stone or bronze. The extraordinary aqueducts of Rome delivered water to the spectacular public fountains, most of which you can visit today.


A Guide to Hydrostatics
From its housing vessel to other components it comes in contact with, liquid in equilibrium applies force on every single thing it meets. The force applied falls into one... read more
Water Transport Strategies in Ancient Rome
Previous to 273, when the first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was made in Rome, residents who resided on hillsides had to journey further down to collect their water from natural sources. When... read more
The Hellenic Republic: Architectural Statues
Although the majority of sculptors were remunerated by the temples to decorate the elaborate columns and archways with renderings of the gods, as the time period came to a close, it became... read more
Your Garden: A Great Spot for a Garden Fountain
Putting in a wall water feature is your best solution for a little backyard because a spouting or cascading fountain occupies too much space. You can choose to install a stand-alone fountain... read more