Historic Crete & The Minoans: Water Features

On the Greek island of Crete, excavations have unearthed channels of several types. They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and wastewater. They were for the most part created from clay or stone. Anytime clay was employed, it was normally for waterways as well as pipes which came in rectangle-shaped or circular shapes. These included cone-like and U-shaped clay conduits which were unique to the Minoans. c_077__27676.jpg Terracotta pipelines were laid beneath the floor surfaces at Knossos Palace and utilized to circulate water. The terracotta conduits were additionally used for collecting and storing water. Hence, these pipes had to be able to: Underground Water Transportation: the obscure setup for water movement could have been used to furnish water to specified individuals or functions. Quality Water Transportation: There’s also evidence which concludes the piping being used to provide for water fountains independently from the local technique.

The Original Garden Fountains

As originally developed, fountains were designed to be functional, directing water from creeks or aqueducts to the citizens of towns and settlements, where the water could be used for cooking, cleaning, and drinking. In the years before electrical power, the spray of fountains was powered by gravity only, often using an aqueduct or water resource located far away in the nearby mountains. Fountains all through history have been crafted as memorials, impressing hometown citizens and tourists alike. The common fountains of modern times bear little similarity to the first water fountains.

A natural stone basin, carved from rock, was the very first fountain, used for holding water for drinking and spiritual functions. 2000 B.C. is when the earliest identified stone fountain basins were actually used. Gravity was the power source that operated the initial water fountains. The placement of the fountains was determined by the water source, which is why you’ll usually find them along reservoirs, canals, or streams. Fountains with elaborate decoration started to show up in Rome in about 6 BC, commonly gods and creatures, made with natural stone or copper-base alloy. A well-designed system of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public water fountains supplied with fresh water.

The Countless Kinds of Exterior Fountains

Make your dream a reality by making an oasis of tranquility in your garden. Add a sense of tranquility to your garden with an outdoor fountain and profit from all the positive benefits of a water feature.

Sending a stream of water straight into the air, spouting fountains create a striking impression. If your pond is significantly large, it can be incorporated without trouble. You may have encountered one of these in a recreation area or an old mansion.

Wall fountains are an great example of outdoor wall features. These types of fountains make excellent water features even if you only have a little garden. Wall fountains make a subtle impression, contrary to the big effect created by spouting fountains. In this straightforward process, water is ejected from a little spout, runs down a wonderfully textured wall, before being recovered at the bottom and returned to the top once again.

Installing a fountain with a motif depends completely on the style of your garden. A cherub grasping a spout is one of the possible types of classical-styled statues you can use if you want your fountain to compliment a rustically themed cottage or garden. On the other hand, a more modern yard can include more of a bold design.

Deciding what to do is entirely in your hands.

The main trait of tiered fountains is the multiple levels spewing out water. Water streaming down multiple tiers of this water feature is the chief attribute of a cascading fountain.

A substantial amount of space is needed for an outdoor fountain, so another option is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. Install one of these fountains if your space is limited since their reservoirs are hidden from sight below ground.

If you seek a feeling of peacefulness and calmness, install a Japanese fountain as these are considered to bring about such sensations. The water passes through bamboo sticks in this type of water feature. The repetition of water pouring into a bucket or shaped stone is one of the main characteristics of this kind of fountain.

Glass fountains make up another group of fountain. A more traditional look is provided by trellis-style fountains which feature shaped metalwork. Gardens with numerous sharp edges as well as contemporary forms and designs are better for these types of water features. As the water streams over the top of the glass it produces a dazzling impact. Some fountains also include colored LED lights to shine onto the sheets of glass as water streams downwards. Often made of imitation rock, stone waterfall fountains have water slowly trickling down its surface.

The feature which distinguishes a bubbling rock fountain is a large rock drilled with holes where pipes can be inserted into its center. The gurgles and bubbles at the top are the product of the low pressure used to trigger the water upwards. Flowing towards the base of the fountain, the water comes back as a slow drizzle down the sides of the rock. This type of fountain is ideally suitable for small gardens. The low pressure used in this sort of fountain hinders water from being splashed about in case of a windy day.

The trend of setting up solar powered fountains is becoming progressively widespread. The advantages of using this type of solar powered fountain is the lack of cables, lowered difficulty in installing them, the decrease in electricity bills, and the beneficial effects they have on our ecosystem. There is no need to settle on a specific model of outdoor solar-powered fountain because of the wide range of designs found on the market.

Do Animals Like Garden Fountains?

Think about how your pet may respond to a water feature before you get one. A pet dog or cat could think that a freestanding fountain is a large pool or a drinking pond.

Your pets will not be negatively influenced if you add a wall water element to your property. You may need to consider where you will place the fountain as birds may take it as a bathing pond. Putting a birdbath in your backyard is the optimal solution if you want to attract birds. Setting up a wall water fountain inside your house is a good solution if you want to avoid such concerns. Dentists’ and doctors’ offices as well as stately homes are just a few of the areas where you can find these kinds of fountains.

Sculpture As a Staple of Vintage Art in Historic Greece

Archaic Greeks were known for developing the first freestanding statuary; up till then, most carvings were formed out of walls and pillars as reliefs. Most of these freestanding sculptures were what is known as kouros figures, statues of young, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks. Thought of by Greeks to embody skin care, the kouroi were formed into stiff, forward facing poses with one foot outstretched, and the male statues were usually nude, well-built, and fit. Life-sized versions of the kouroi appeared beginning in 650 BC. A huge time of improvement for the Greeks, the Archaic period helped bring about new forms of government, expressions of art, and a higher appreciation of people and cultures outside of Greece. The Arcadian conflicts, the Spartan invasion of Samos, and other wars between city-states are good examples of the types of battles that emerged frequently, which is consistent with other times of historical transformation.


Builders of the First Water Fountains
Fountain designers were multi-talented people from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, often serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one. Exemplifying the Renaissance artist as a creative master, Leonardo... read more
Garden Water Fountain Engineers Through History
Multi-talented individuals, fountain designers from the 16th to the late 18th century often worked as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one person. During the Renaissance,... read more
Hydro-Statics & Outdoor Fountains: An Overview
From its housing vessel to other materials it comes in contact with, liquid in equilibrium applies force on every single thing it touches. There exist two types of force, hydrostatic energies and external forces. When applied... read more
Water Transport Strategies in Historic Rome
With the construction of the first elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, individuals who lived on the city’s foothills no longer had to be dependent solely on... read more