Water Delivery Strategies in Early Rome

With the construction of the first raised aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s foothills no longer had to be dependent strictly on naturally-occurring spring water for their requirements. When aqueducts or springs weren’t easily accessible, people living at raised elevations turned to water taken from underground or rainwater, which was made possible by wells and cisterns. To supply water to Pincian Hill in the early 16th century, they implemented the new method of redirecting the stream from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground channel. Through its original construction, pozzi (or manholes) were positioned at set intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. ft-287__26345.jpg Even though they were primarily manufactured to make it possible to support the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi started out using the manholes to accumulate water from the channel, commencing when he purchased the property in 1543. Despite the fact that the cardinal also had a cistern to collect rainwater, it couldn't supply a sufficient amount of water. To give himself with a much more effective way to gather water, he had one of the manholes opened, providing him access to the aqueduct below his residence.

Classic Greece: The Beginnings of Outdoor Statue Design

Nearly all sculptors were paid by the temples to adorn the elaborate pillars and archways with renderings of the gods up until the period came to a close and many Greeks began to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred, when it became more common for sculptors to represent ordinary people as well. Portraiture, which would be acknowledged by the Romans upon their annexation of Greek civilization became customary as well, and wealthy family members would sometimes commission a portrayal of their forebears to be added in immense familial tombs. A time of artistic progression, the use of sculpture and other art forms morphed throughout the Greek Classical period, so it is inexact to say that the arts served only one function. Whether to gratify a visual craving or to rejoice in the figures of religion, Greek sculpture was actually an imaginative approach in the ancient world, which may well be what attracts our attention today.

Water Features: The Minoan Society

Various sorts of conduits have been discovered through archaeological excavations on the isle of Crete, the cradle of Minoan civilization. These were used to provide cities with water as well as to minimize flooding and remove waste material. The principle components utilized were stone or terracotta. When made from terracotta, they were generally in the shape of canals and round or rectangular conduits. Among these were terracotta pipes which were U shaped or a shortened, cone-like shape which have exclusively showed up in Minoan civilization. Terracotta piping were installed under the floor surfaces at Knossos Palace and used to circulate water. The pipelines also had other uses such as amassing water and directing it to a primary area for storage. These clay pipelines were essential to perform: Underground Water Transportation: This concealed system for water distribution could have been chosen to supply water to specified individuals or occasions. Quality Water Transportation: The conduits could also have been made use of to haul water to water fountains that were separate from the city’s standard system.

The Positive Benefits of Adding a Water Feature in Your Living Space

A good way to enhance the appearance of your outdoor living area is to add a wall fountain or an exterior garden fountain to your landscaping or garden design. Many contemporary designers and craftsmen have been influenced by historical fountains and water features. As such, the impact of integrating one of these to your interior decor binds it to past times. The advantage of having a garden fountain extends beyond its beauty as it also attracts birds and other wildlife, in addition to harmonizing the ecosystem with the water and moisture it emits into the atmosphere. For example, irritating flying insects are usually deterred by the birds drawn to the fountain or birdbath.

The area required for a cascading or spouting fountain is substantial, so a wall fountain is the perfect size for a small yard. Two possibilities to choose from include either a freestanding type with an even back set against a fence or wall in your garden, or a wall-mounted, self-contained type which is suspended on a wall. Be sure to include a fountain mask to an existing wall and a basin to collect the water at the base if you want to put in a fountain to your living area. It is best not to attempt this job yourself as skilled plumbers and masons are more suitable to do this kind of work.

Aspects of Garden Statues in Archaic Greece

The first freestanding sculpture was improved by the Archaic Greeks, a distinguished achievement since until then the only carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and columns. Youthful, appealing male or female (kore) Greeks were the subject matter of most of the sculptures, or kouros figures. Symbolizing beauty to the Greeks, the kouroi were designed to look stiff and typically had foot forward; the males were healthy, strong, and naked. The kouroi became life-sized beginning in 650 BC. The Archaic period was an amazing time of change for the Greeks as they expanded into new forms of government, produced fresh expressions of art, and attained insights of the men and women and cultures outside of Greece. However|Nevertheless|Nonetheless}, the Greek civilization was not slowed down by these challenges.


Garden Water Fountain Builders Through History
Commonly working as architects, sculptors, designers, engineers and discerning scholars, all in one, fountain designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century. ... read more
Garden Fountains And Their Role in Public Health
In February 2014, a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages was enacted in Berkley, CA, making it the first city in the United States to introduce such a regulation. By making soda more costly, it’s assumed that individuals will make... read more
Hydro-Statics & Outdoor Fountains: An Overview
From its housing vessel to other materials it comes in contact with, liquid in equilibrium applies force on every single thing it touches. There exist two... read more