The Dissemination of Water Feature Design Innovation

Dissiminating pragmatic hydraulic information and water fountain design ideas throughout Europe was accomplished with the written documents and illustrated books of the time. brk_306_1_1__32081.jpg An un-named French water feature engineer was an internationally renowned hydraulic pioneer in the later part of the 1500's. By designing landscapes and grottoes with incorporated and clever water features, he began his occupation in Italy by getting imperial commissions in Brussels, London and Germany. “The Principles of Moving Forces”, a guide which turned into the essential text on hydraulic technology and engineering, was composed by him towards the end of his lifetime in France. The book updated crucial hydraulic discoveries since classical antiquity as well as describing contemporary hydraulic technologies. Prominent among these works were those of Archimedes, the creator of the water screw, a mechanical method of moving water. Natural light heated up the liquid in a pair of concealed vessels next to the decorative water feature were shown in an illustration. The hot water expands and subsequently ascends and shuts the water lines consequently activating the water fountain. Designs for pumps, water wheels, water features and garden ponds are also mentioned in the book.

Water-lifting Tool by Camillo Agrippa

Although the mechanism developed by Agrippa for raising water attained the admiration of Andrea Bacci in 1588, it appeared to fade not long after.

Merely years later, in 1592, the earliest modern Roman waterway, the Acqua Felice, was attached to the Medici’s villa, perhaps making the unit obsolete. Although it is more very likely that it was merely tossed when Ferdinando ceded his cardinalship and returned back to Florence, ensuring his place as the Grand Duke of Tuscany, following the loss of his sibling, Francesco di Medici, in 1588. It could defy the force of gravity to raise water to Renaissance gardens, providing them in a way other late 16th century models which include scenographic water presentations, music water fountains and giochi d’acqua or water caprices, were not.

The Many Good Reasons to Include a Water Feature

The addition of a wall water feature or an outdoor garden fountain is a great way to adorn your yard or garden design. Many contemporary designers and artisans have been influenced by historical fountains and water features. You can also strengthen the connection to the past by adding one of these to your home's interior design. The advantage of having a garden fountain extends beyond its beauty as it also appeals to birds and other wildlife, in addition to harmonizing the ecosystem with the water and moisture it releases into the atmosphere. For example, birds attracted by a fountain or birdbath can be helpful because they fend off bothersome flying insects.

Wall fountains are a good choice if your yard is small because they do not need much space in contrast to a spouting or cascading fountain. There are two types of fountains to choose from including the freestanding version with a flat back and an attached basin set up against a fence or a wall in your yard, or the wall-mounted, self-contained variety which is hung directly on a wall.

A water feature can be added to an existing wall if you include some kind of fountain mask as well as a basin to collect the water below. The plumbing and masonry work necessary for this kind of job requires expertise, so it is best to employ a skilled person rather than go at it yourself.

Hydro-Statics & Wall Fountains: The Fundamentals

Liquid in a state of equilibrium applies pressure on the objects it meets, including its container. There are 2 forms, hydrostatic load or outside forces. The pressure applied by the liquid against a level wall is equivalent at each point where it makes contact with the wall. Liquid in equilibrium will implement vertical pressure at every point of an object’s exterior when that subject is fully immersed in the liquid. This applied force is known as buoyancy, while the notion itself is known as Archimedes’ principle. Liquid acted on by hydrostatic force is then subject to hydrostatic pressure at the point of contact. A city’s water supply system, fountains, and artesian wells are all illustrations of the application of these principles on containers.

Free Drinking Fountains in and Around Berkley, Ca

The 1st US city to pass a tax on sweet drinks was Berkley, California in February 2014. The goal is to have individuals drinking more water and other natural drinks by increasing the price of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. Efforts were made to find out the condition of local drinking water fountains in both high- and low-income neighborhoods. The study utilized a GPS app to gather data on current water fountains in the city. This information was cross-referenced with demographic data on race and income acquired from the US Census Community Study database. Comparisons were made amongst the location and demographic data, disclosing whether class differences affected access to clean, working water fountains. Each water fountain and the demographics of its nearby area were reviewed to reveal whether the site of the fountains or their level of maintenance demonstrated any correlation to income, race, or other factors. Many of the water fountains were dirty or blocked, regardless of the fact that a lot of fountains worked.


The Distribution of Garden Water Fountains Engineering Knowledge in Europe
Dissiminating pragmatic hydraulic information and water feature design ideas all through Europe was accomplished with the published papers and illustrated books of the time. An unnamed French water... read more
Garden Fountains And Their Role in Public Health
In February 2014, a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages was enacted in Berkley, CA, making it the first city in the United States to introduce such a regulation. By making... read more
Decorative Garden Fountains And Their Use In The Minoan Civilization
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The First Documented Outdoor Water Features of Human History
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The Wide Array of Outdoor Water Features
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