Modern Water Fountains And Public Health

a-357__10924.jpg The first American city to pass a tax on high calorie drinks was Berkley, California in February 2014. The goal is to have everyone drinking more water and other natural beverages by increasing the cost of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. Attempts were made to find out the state of community drinking water fountains in both high- and low-income neighborhoods. The study utilized a GPS app to compile data on existing water fountains in the city. Demographic data on race and earnings was then assembled using the US Census database. The 2 data sets were reviewed to ascertain what class disparities, if any, there were in access to operating water fountains. They were in a position to uncover the demographics of areas surrounding active fountains, as well as the tidiness and maintenance of fountains across different communities. The tidiness of lots of fountains was found lacking, even if most were functioning.

Pets and Water Features

If you are considering buying a water feature, make sure your pets like it. Your pooch could think that your stand-alone fountain resembles a large pond to drink from or a pool in which to swim. Your pets will not be negatively affected if you incorporate a wall water element to your property. Your fountain may draw in birds who think it is a great place to refresh themselves, so it is important to think about where you will place this type of water feature. Installing a birdbath in your backyard is the perfect answer if you want to attract birds. To prevent this, however, installing a wall water fountain inside your residence is a great option. It is common to see these types of fountains in dental or medical offices as well as in glamorous homes.

Early Crete & The Minoans: Garden Fountains

Fountains and Water and the Minoan Civilization These were made use of to supply towns and cities with water as well as to lessen flooding and remove waste. Virtually all were made from clay or even stone. There were terracotta pipelines, both circular and rectangle-shaped as well as pathways made from the same materials. These included cone-like and U-shaped terracotta pipes that were distinctive to the Minoans. Knossos Palace had a advanced plumbing network made of terracotta pipes which ran up to three meters under ground. These Minoan pipelines were also made use of for collecting and storing water, not just circulation. This called for the clay pipes to be suitable for holding water without leaking. Underground Water Transportation: This hidden setup for water movement may have been used to furnish water to particular men and women or functions. Quality Water Transportation: The water pipes may also have been chosen to move water to fountains which were split from the city’s normal process.

Rome, Gian Bernini, And Public Fountains

In Rome’s city center, there are countless easily recognized fountains.

One of the finest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, nearly all of them were planned, conceptualized and constructed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. His abilities as a fountain designer and also as a city architect, are obvious throughout the streets of Rome. Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they ultimately moved to Rome, in order to fully express their art, primarily in the form of public water fountains and water features. The young Bernini received encouragement from Popes and influential artists alike, and was an excellent employee. His sculpture was originally his claim to fame. He used his expertise and melded it seamlessly with Roman marble, most notably in the Vatican. Though he was influenced by many, Michelangelo had the most profound impact on him, both personally and professionally.

The Original Water Feature Creative Designers

Multi-talented people, fountain designers from the 16th to the late 18th century typically worked as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one person. Exemplifying the Renaissance artist as a innovative genius, Leonardo da Vinci toiled as an innovator and scientific specialist. He methodically captured his experiences in his currently celebrated notebooks, after his tremendous fascination in the forces of nature inspired him to investigate the qualities and movement of water. Early Italian water feature designers converted private villa configurations into ingenious water showcases complete of emblematic meaning and natural charm by combining imagination with hydraulic and horticultural experience. Known for his virtuosity in archeology, design and garden design, Pirro Ligorio, the humanist, offered the vision behind the magnificence in Tivoli. Masterminding the fascinating water marbles, water features and water antics for the numerous properties near Florence, other fountain designers were well versed in humanist issues as well as ancient scientific texts.


The Dispersion of Fountain Design Knowledge
Dissiminating practical hydraulic information and fountain design ideas all through Europe was accomplished with the written papers and illustrated publications of the time. An un-named French water feature engineer was an internationally... read more
Water Transport Strategies in Historic Rome
With the construction of the first elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, individuals who lived on the city’s foothills no longer had to be dependent solely on naturally-occurring spring... read more