Acqua Vergine: The Answer to Rome's Water Problems

Rome’s very first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; before that, residents residing at higher elevations had to depend on local springs for their water. ft_166__10826.jpg Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the only technological innovations around at the time to supply water to spots of higher elevation. To supply water to Pincian Hill in the early 16th century, they utilized the new technique of redirecting the current from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground channel. During its initial construction, pozzi (or manholes) were positioned at set intervals alongside the aqueduct’s channel. The manholes made it more straightforward to maintain the channel, but it was also achievable to use buckets to extract water from the aqueduct, as we observed with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he possessed the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he died. He didn’t get an adequate amount water from the cistern that he had established on his property to obtain rainwater. Fortunately, the aqueduct sat just below his property, and he had a shaft established to give him accessibility.

Archaic Greek Art: Large Statuary

Archaic Greeks were renowned for developing the first freestanding statuary; up until then, most carvings were constructed out of walls and pillars as reliefs. Younger, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks were the subject matter of most of the statues, or kouros figures. The kouroi were considered by the Greeks to represent beauty and were sculpted with one foot leading and an uncompromising firmness to their forward-facing poses; the male statues were always strapping, sinewy, and unclothed. Life-sized versions of the kouroi appeared beginning in 650 BC. A significant era of transformation for the Greeks, the Archaic period helped bring about more forms of state, expressions of artwork, and a higher comprehension of people and cultures outside of Greece. But these disputes did not stop the growth of the Greek civilization. {

The Godfather Of Roman Public Fountains

There are many renowned fountains in Rome’s city center. Practically all of them were designed, designed and constructed by one of the greatest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Marks of his life's efforts are evident all through the avenues of Rome simply because, in addition to his skills as a fountain designer, he was also a city builder. Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they ultimately moved to Rome, in order to fully express their art, primarily in the form of public water fountains and water features. An diligent employee, the young Bernini received praise and the backing of various popes and influential designers. He was initially renowned for his sculpture. Most famously in the Vatican, he utilized a base of knowledge in historical Greek architecture and melded it effortlessly with Roman marble. Although many artists had an impact on his work, Michelangelo had the most profound effect.

The Positive Benefits of Adding a wall fountain in Your Living Space

A great way to enhance the appeal of your outdoor living area is to add a wall fountain or an exterior garden fountain to your landscaping or garden design. A myriad of current designers and fountain craftsmen have found inspiration in the fountains and water features of the past. You can also strengthen the connection to the past by adding one of these to your home's interior design. The water and moisture garden fountains release into the atmosphere draws birds and other creatures, and also balances the ecosystem, all of which contribute to the advantages of including one of these beautiful water features. For example, birds attracted by a fountain or birdbath can be useful because they fend off bothersome flying insects.

Spouting or cascading fountains are not the best choice for a small garden since they need a great deal of space. Either a freestanding fountain with an even back and an attached basin set against a fence or a wall, or a wall-mounted style which is self-contained and hangs on a wall, are some of the possibilities from which you can choose. Make certain to include a fountain mask to an existing wall and a basin to collect the water at the bottom if you wish to put in a fountain to your living area. Be sure to work with a specialist for this type of job since it is better not to do it yourself due to the intricate plumbing and masonry work needed.

Water Fountains: The Minoan Civilization

During archaeological excavations on the island of Crete, many varieties of conduits have been found. They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and wastewater. They were commonly constructed from terracotta or rock. When manufactured from terracotta, they were commonly in the format of canals and round or rectangle-shaped conduits. There are a couple of examples of Minoan clay piping, those with a shortened cone form and a U-shape which have not been caught in any society since. The water availability at Knossos Palace was handled with a strategy of clay piping that was positioned underneath the floor, at depths starting from a few centimeters to several meters. Along with distributing water, the clay conduits of the Minoans were also used to gather water and store it. In order to make this conceivable, the pipes had to be designed to handle: Subterranean Water Transportation: It’s not quite known why the Minoans required to transfer water without it being enjoyed.

Quality Water Transportation: There is also proof that suggests the pipelines being made use of to provide for water features independently of the local scheme.


The Distribution of Water Fountain Manufacturing Knowledge in Europe
Contributing to the development of scientific technology were the published papers and illustrated publications of the day. They were also the principal method of transmitting useful hydraulic ideas and fountain... read more
Agrippa's Astonishing, but Mostly Forgotten Water-Lifting System
In 1588, Agrippa’s water-lifting invention attracted the interest and approval of Andrea Bacci but that turned out to be one of the final mentions of the device. It may possibly have turned out to be outdated once the Villa Medici was enabled to get water from the... read more
Agrippa’s Intriguing Water-lifting Appliance
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