Public Water Fountains in and Around Berkley, California

The first implementation of a sugary drinks tax in the USA came in February 2014, when it was passed by the city of Berkley, California. By taxing sugary drinks, the city hopes to inspire a lot more people to decide on healthier choices, such as water. Research was carried out to assure that residents of all races and economic classes had access to clean, operating drinking fountains. By developing a mobile GPS application, analysts were able to gather data on Berkley’s drinking water fountains. This info was cross-referenced with demographic data on race and income collected from the US Census Community Study database. angel cherub__67925.original.jpg The research workers looked to use both data sets to figure out if demographics were linked to drinking water fountain access. The surrounding demographics of each and every water fountain location was made note of, while additionally identifying whether race or income rates made a difference in the state of repair of each individual fountain. The fact that the fountains were functioning was not a guarantee that they were well-maintained, as quite a few were in need of maintenance and repair.

The Minoan Culture: Fountains

Fountains and Water and the Minoan Civilization In conjunction with delivering water, they dispersed water that amassed from storms or waste material. They were commonly made from clay or rock. Whenever prepared from terracotta, they were usually in the shape of canals and circular or rectangular piping. Among these were clay piping that were U shaped or a shorter, cone-like shape which have exclusively showed up in Minoan culture.

Knossos Palace had a advanced plumbing system made of terracotta conduits which ran up to three meters under ground. These Minoan pipelines were additionally made use of for amassing and storing water, not just distribution. This called for the clay pipes to be capable of holding water without seepage. Below ground Water Transportation: Initially this process seems to have been fashioned not for ease but to give water for chosen people or rites without it being seen. Quality Water Transportation: Many scholars feel that these water lines were employed to generate a separate distribution technique for the palace.

Pick from Any Number of Exterior Wall Fountain Styles

Small patios or courtyards are a perfect place to set up wall fountains because they add style to an area with limited space. Conventional, antique, contemporary, or Asian are just some of the designs you can choose from when looking for an outdoor wall fountain to your liking. If you are looking for a distinctive design, a custom-made one can be specially made to fit your specifications.

The two types of fountains available to you include mounted and freestanding models. Mounted wall fountains are little and self-contained variations which can be hung on a wall. Wall fountains made of resin (resembling stone) or fiberglass are normally lightweight so they can be easily hung. Sizable free-standing wall fountains, often referred to as floor fountains, have their basins located on the floor and a flat side leaning on a wall. There are no weight limits on these sorts of cast stone water features.

Many qualified landscapers favor custom-built fountains which can be integrated into a brand-new wall or an existing one. Installing the basin against the wall and installing all the plumbing work requires a professional mason to do it right. It is also essential to include a spout or fountain mask to build it into the wall. If you want a cohesive look for your garden, buy a customized wall fountain because it becomes part of the scenery rather than an afterthought.

Fountains Recorded by History

Towns and communities relied on working water fountains to channel water for cooking, bathing, and cleaning from local sources like ponds, streams, or springs. A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was required to pressurize the flow and send water spraying from the fountain's nozzle, a technology without equal until the later part of the 19th century. Fountains spanning history have been developed as monuments, impressing local citizens and travelers alike.

When you enjoy a fountain nowadays, that is not what the 1st water fountains looked like. A stone basin, crafted from rock, was the first fountain, used for containing water for drinking and spiritual functions. The first stone basins are believed to be from around 2000 BC. The first fountains put to use in ancient civilizations depended on gravity to regulate the circulation of water through the fountain. The location of the fountains was driven by the water source, which is why you’ll usually find them along reservoirs, waterways, or streams. The people of Rome began constructing elaborate fountains in 6 BC, most of which were bronze or stone masks of wildlife and mythological representations. The people of Rome had an elaborate system of aqueducts that supplied the water for the numerous fountains that were placed throughout the city.

The Wide Array of Outdoor Water Features

Convert your garden into what you have always desired – a haven of peace. The comforting feeling provided by outdoor fountains is just one of the benefits of including a water feature in your garden.

A striking impact is made when a spouting fountain sends a shooting stream of water high into the air. Large, existing ponds can have one of these built-in without much hassle.

You may have seen one of these in a park or an old estate.

Wall fountains are an perfect example of outdoor wall features. These kinds of fountains make excellent water features even if you only have a little garden. Spouting fountains usually make quite an impact whereas wall features are more of an understated type of water feature. In a very straightforward process, the water flows out of a spout, trickles down a beautifully textured wall only to be pumped back to the top.

Your garden’s style dictates whether a themed fountain is suitable for you. A cherub grasping a spout is one of the possible kinds of classical-styled statues you can use if you want your fountain to suit a rustically themed cottage or garden. Consider including something bolder and distinctive for a contemporary garden. Feel free to let your hair down and choose something interesting and intrepid.

The main trait of a multi-tiered fountain is that water streams from a number of different levels. Due to the water running down its various levels, these are also called cascading fountains.

Since external fountains require ample space, consider putting in a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. Install one of these fountains if your space is limited since their reservoirs are hidden from sight underground.

Add a Japanese fountain if you are looking for a feeling of peace. In this model of water feature the water runs through bamboo sticks.

The repetition of water pouring into a bucket or shaped stone is one of the main characteristics of this kind of fountain.

Glass fountains make up an additional group of fountain. A more vintage look is provided by trellis-style fountains which feature shaped metalwork. Water features such as these are best suited to yards with many sharp corners as well as modern-day forms and designs. The flowing water produces a striking effect as it moves down the glass sheets. LED lights are also utilized in some fountains to flash color across the water as it flows downward on the glass sheet. A rock waterfall fountain (often made of imitation rock) shows off water slowly flowing down its façade.

Bubbling rock fountains are large stones drilled with holes which are then filled with tubes in the middle. In this kind of fountain, water is driven upwards at low pressure to cause it to bubble and gurgle at the top. Downward flowing water appears as gentle trickle as it moves down the sides of the rock to go back to its base. This is yet another solution for gardens with restricted space. This sort of fountain, which uses low pressure to move water, is suitable because it prevents water from being sprayed around in breezy weather.

The trend of setting up solar powered fountains is becoming increasingly prevalent. The advantages of using this type of solar powered fountain is the lack of cables, lowered difficulty in installing them, the decrease in electricity bills, and the positive effects they have on our environment. There is no need to choose a specific model of outdoor solar-powered fountain because of the wide range of designs found on the market.


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