Statues As a Staple of Vintage Art in Ancient Greece

The initial freestanding sculpture was designed by the Archaic Greeks, a notable accomplishment since until then the sole carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and columns. For the most part the statues, or kouros figures, were of adolescent and nice-looking male or female (kore) Greeks. The kouroi, viewed by the Greeks to portray beauty, had one foot stretched out of a rigid forward-facing posture and the male statues were always nude, with a compelling, powerful physique. The kouroi grew to be life-sized starting in 650 BC. The Archaic period was turbulent for the Greeks as they evolved into more sophisticated forms of government and art, and gained more data about the peoples and cultures outside of Greece. cs_144_designer_white__84329.jpg But in spite of the conflicts, the Greek civilization continued to progress, unabated.

How Much Do Pets Benefit from Water Features

If you are considering getting a water feature, make sure your pets like it. Your pet dog could think that your freestanding fountain looks like a big pond to drink from or a pool in which to bathe. Integrating a water element to your property is a great idea, one which is certain to benefit your pets. You may need to consider where you will place the fountain as birds may take it as a bathing pond. Putting in a birdbath is a fantastic alternative if you want birds to check out your garden, however. The indoor use of wall water fountains is entirely possible if wish to prevent these problems. Exclusive homes, in addition to dentist’ and doctors’ practices, often have such fountains on display.

A Guide to Hydrostatics

All liquids in a state of equilibrium exert force on the materials it comes in contact with. There are 2 forms, hydrostatic load or outside forces. When used against a level surface, the liquid exercises equal force against all points of that surface. An object that’s fully submerged in a fluid that’s in equilibrium experiences vertical power on all points of its body. This applied force is known as buoyancy, while the notion itself is known as Archimedes’ principle. When hydrostatic force is applied on an area of liquid, this becomes hydrostatic pressure. These concepts are applied to the containers used by plumbing, wells, and fountains.

How Technical Designs And Styles of Fountains Spread

The circulated reports and illustrated books of the time contributed to the development of scientific innovation, and were the chief methods of dissiminating practical hydraulic facts and water feature suggestions throughout Europe. An un-named French water fountain designer was an internationally celebrated hydraulic leader in the later part of the 1500's. With imperial mandates in Brussels, London and Germany, he began his career in Italy, building experience in garden design and grottoes with built-in and imaginative water hydraulics.

In France, near the end of his lifetime, he wrote “The Principle of Moving Forces”, a publication that turned into the essential text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Explaining contemporary hydraulic technologies, the publication furthermore modernized critical hydraulic advancements of classical antiquity. Dominant among these works were those of Archimedes, the creator of the water screw, a mechanical way of transferring water. An decorative water feature with sunlight heating up the liquid in two containers concealed in an neighboring room was presented in one illustration. What occurs is the heated water expanded, rises and closes up the piping heading to the water feature, thereby leading to stimulation. Concepts for pumps, water wheels, water attributes and garden ponds are also included in the guide.

A Short History of Garden Water Features

The water from creeks and other sources was originally delivered to the residents of nearby communities and cities through water fountains, whose purpose was mainly practical, not aesthetic. A supply of water higher in elevation than the fountain was necessary to pressurize the flow and send water spraying from the fountain's spout, a technology without equal until the later part of the 19th century. Striking and spectacular, large water fountains have been designed as memorials in most cultures. The contemporary fountains of modern times bear little similarity to the first water fountains. Basic stone basins crafted from nearby stone were the original fountains, used for spiritual functions and drinking water. Natural stone basins as fountains have been found from 2,000 BC. The first civilizations that used fountains relied on gravity to drive water through spigots. Positioned near reservoirs or springs, the practical public water fountains provided the local residents with fresh drinking water. Fountains with ornate decoration began to show up in Rome in about 6 B.C., normally gods and animals, made with natural stone or copper-base alloy. Water for the communal fountains of Rome was brought to the city via a elaborate system of water aqueducts.


Garden Fountain Engineers Through History
Often serving as architects, sculptors, designers, engineers and cultivated scholars, all in one, fountain creators were multi-talented people from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century. ... read more
Agrippa's Eye-popping, but Mostly Forgotten Water-Lifting Technology
In 1588, Agrippa’s water-lifting discovery lured the interest and admiration of Andrea Bacci but that turned out to be one of the last references of the mechanism. ... read more
The Early, Unappreciated Water-Moving Alternative
In 1588, Agrippa’s water-lifting invention attracted the attention and admiration of Andrea Bacci but that turned out to be one of the final references of the mechanism. It may possibly be that the Acqua Felice, the second of... read more
Choose from Any Number of Exterior Wall Fountain Designs
It is a good idea to integrate a customized fountain into a new or existing wall, something often suggested by landscape experts. Employing an expert mason is your best option to construct the basin and install the required plumbing. You will need to ... read more
Dogs, Cats and Outdoor Fountains
If you are thinking about getting a water feature, ensure that your pets like it. Your pet dog could think that your stand-alone fountain looks like a big pond to drink from or a pool in which to bathe. Installing a fountain to your property is a great... read more