Acqua Vergine: The Remedy to Rome's Water Problems

With the development of the 1st elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, individuals who lived on the city’s foothills no longer had to rely entirely on naturally-occurring spring water for their requirements. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the sole techniques obtainable at the time to supply water to segments of high elevation. a-457__69745.jpg To offer water to Pincian Hill in the early sixteenth century, they implemented the new technique of redirecting the current from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground network. Pozzi, or manholes, were constructed at regular intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. During the some 9 years he had the residence, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi used these manholes to take water from the network in buckets, though they were initially built for the objective of maintaining and maintaining the aqueduct. Though the cardinal also had a cistern to get rainwater, it couldn't provide enough water. Thankfully, the aqueduct sat below his residence, and he had a shaft established to give him accessibility.

The Positive Benefits of Adding a wall fountain in Your Living Space

The area outside your residence can be polished up by including a wall or a garden fountain to your landscaping or garden project. Any number of current designers and fountain artisans have found inspiration in the fountains and water features of the past. As such, introducing one of these to your interior is a great way to connect it to the past. The benefit of having a garden fountain goes beyond its beauty as it also attracts birds and other wildlife, in addition to harmonizing the ecosystem with the water and moisture it emits into the atmosphere. Flying, bothersome insects, for instance, are scared away by the birds congregating around the fountain or birdbath.

Spouting or cascading fountains are not the best option for a small garden since they require a great deal of space. Either a freestanding fountain with an even back and an attached basin set against a fence or a wall, or a wall-mounted kind which is self-contained and hangs on a wall, are some of the possibilities from which you can choose. Be sure to include a fountain mask to an existing wall and a basin to collect the water at the bottom if you wish to put in a fountain to your living area. Since the plumbing and masonry work is substantial to complete this type of job, you should employ a specialist to do it rather than try to do it alone.

Did You Know How Technical Concepts of Fountains Became Known?

The published documents and illustrated books of the time contributed to the development of scientific innovation, and were the chief means of dissiminating practical hydraulic facts and water feature ideas throughout Europe. In the later part of the 1500's, a French water fountain designer (whose name has been lost) was the globally recognized hydraulics leader. His know-how in creating landscapes and grottoes with incorporated and ingenious water attributes began in Italy and with commissions in Brussels, London and Germany. “The Principles of Moving Forces”, a book that became the essential book on hydraulic mechanics and engineering, was composed by him toward the end of his life in France. The publication updated important hydraulic breakthroughs since classical antiquity as well as explaining modern day hydraulic technologies. Notable among these works were those of Archimedes, the creator of the water screw, a mechanical way of moving water. Sunlight heated the liquid in a pair of concealed vessels adjacent to the beautiful water feature were shown in an illustration.

The heated liquid expands and subsequently rises and closes the water lines thereby triggering the fountain. Designs for pumps, water wheels, water attributes and garden ponds are also covered in the book.

A Concise History of Water Garden Fountains

As initially conceived, water fountains were designed to be functional, guiding water from creeks or reservoirs to the residents of towns and villages, where the water could be used for cooking food, cleaning, and drinking. A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was necessary to pressurize the flow and send water spraying from the fountain's spout, a system without equal until the late 19th century. The elegance and wonder of fountains make them appropriate for traditional memorials. If you saw the very first fountains, you would not recognize them as fountains. The first known water fountain was a natural stone basin created that served as a receptacle for drinking water and ceremonial purposes. Rock basins are thought to have been 1st utilized around the year 2000 BC. The first civilizations that made use of fountains relied on gravity to force water through spigots.

Drinking water was provided by public fountains, long before fountains became elaborate public statues, as beautiful as they are functional. Fountains with ornate decoration began to appear in Rome in about 6 BC, commonly gods and wildlife, made with natural stone or copper-base alloy. The people of Rome had an elaborate system of aqueducts that delivered the water for the many fountains that were located throughout the city.

The Father Of Roman Fountain Design

There are many famed Roman water fountains in its city center. Practically all of them were designed, architected and constructed by one of the greatest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Also a city designer, he had capabilities as a fountain developer, and traces of his life's work are evident throughout the streets of Rome. Ultimately travelling to Rome to fully express their art, chiefly in the form of community water fountains, Bernini’s father, a distinguished Florentine sculptor, guided his young son. The young Bernini earned compliments from Popes and relevant artists alike, and was an exceptional worker. At the start he was recognized for his sculptural abilities. He made use of his expertise and melded it gracefully with Roman marble, most significantly in the Vatican. Though he was influenced by many, Michelangelo had the most profound effect on him, both personally and professionally.


The Minoan Culture: Garden Fountains
Various types and designs of conduits have been unveiled through archaeological excavations on the island of Crete, the cradle of Minoan civilization. Along with delivering water, they spread out water which amassed... read more